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81-101

 

 

81- ni welq wbq gybvwhivt

c~e K_v t Bmjvgx wecei ci h welqwU wbq Bivb ekx AvjvPbv nqwQj Zv nQ ni welq| Bgjvgx Bivbi cÖwZvZv Bgvg Lvgbx (int) wewfb weÁwßi gvag n múwKZ NvlYv w`qwQjb h, n nQ `yB aibi GKwU nQ n Beªvnxwg Avi AciwU nQ Avey Rvnjx n| n aygvÎ GKwU Be`vZB bq eis Zv GKwU Rxeš wekwe`vjq|

GB NvlYv cÎi KviY Zuvi Abymvix`i ga ni bZzb evLv cÖYw`Z nj| mLvb gykwiK`i cÖm wbq AvjvPbv nj| Z_wcI Bgvg Lvgbxi (int) `wófw DjLhvM f~wgKv ivLZ mg nq|

Avi Iw`K wnRvRi `ievix Avjgiv GB NvlYv cÎi weivPiY KiZ jvMjv| Zv`i K_v wQj n nQ wbQK GKwU Bev`Zx welq Ges h Kvb aibi ivRbwZK Ab _K gy| hw`I KviAvb ejQ t

- Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv Zuvi GB mvwbq NiK gvbyli wewfb welq wKqvg Kivi gvag wnme cÖwZv KiQb (gvq`vn& t 97)|

GLvb Avgiv wKqvgi A_ cwic~Yfve eySvi Póv Kiev h, gymjgvbMY AekB KvÕevi QÎ Qvqvq Zv`i h Kvb aibi Afve-AwfhvMi mgvavb w`e Ges Rxebi wewfb Î `ywbqvex I AvavwZKZvi c~YZvq cŠQvbvi Rb GK GKwU K`ªwe`y wnme wbaivY Kie| wbgi gybvwhivwU GB welqK K`ª Ki, `qv Ki j Kib t

`ievix Avjg t GB we`qvÕZmg~n wK, hv ni wbqg-Kvbybi ga cÖek Kivbv nQ? n nQ ivRbxwZ I h Kvb aibi SzU Svgjv gy GKwU Bev`Zx Kgm~Px| Avi Zv nQ wbQK AvZvi cwiw e Ab wKQyB bq| ZvK hb Avgiv wR`vev` I gy`ev` kvMvbi mv_ mú bv Kwi| n Beªvnxwg I n Avey Rvnjx, G me Avevi Kvb aibi n hv Avgiv Kvb w`b wb wb?

weÁ Avjg t Avgvi wekvm gZ, Avgv`i mvgb hic `ywU Bmjvg we`gvb hgb t GKwU nQ bexi (mvt) Bmjvg I AciwU nQ gyqvÕweqvi Bmjvg| Z`ªc ni ÎI `yB aibi n iqQ GKwU nQ n Beªvnxwg I gynvv`x (mvt) Avi AciwU nQ n Avey Rvnjx I Bqvwh`x|

`ievix Avjg t n nQ GKwU Bev`Zx welq, Abyic bvgvh I ivhvi gZB| AekB Zv ivRbwZK welq hv Lv`vqx bq Zv _K Avjv`v Kiv DwPr|  

weÁ Avjg t ivRbxwZi cÖKZ A_ Øxbi Abyic| Avi Zv Øxbi _K Kvb fveB Avjv`v bq| Kbbv AbK Bev`ZB AvQ Zv Bev`Zx KvR nIqv mZ¡I Ašii cÖkvwš Ges Mvbvn& _K `yi _vKvi GKwU wekl gvag I ivRbwZK welq mwVK j ARbi wbwgË wekl `vwqZ¡ cvjb mnvqK| Kbbv Bev`Zx in Avjvn&i w`K Avi ivRbwZK in Avjvn&i mó gvLjyKvZi w`K j ivL| Avi G `ywU welq ni mv_ Ggbfve RwoZ hv GK Aci _K Avjv`v KiZ Mj mú~Y n welqwUB cÖki mywLb nq coe|

evLv t n nQ Pvgovq AveZ GKwU gMR cÖKwZi| hviv aygvÎ Pvgovi mv_ múK iL PjQ Zviv Bev`Zi w`KUvB AvÄvg w`q _vK Ges gMRK `yi mwiq w`qQ| KvÕevi AviKwU bvg nQ ÒDyj KzivÓ (MÖvgmg~ni gv)[1]| hfve gv Zvi evPvK Avnvi w`q evPvi Dchy jvjb-cvjbi eev Ki _vK| KvÕevI Z`ªc gymjgvb`i wPšv, ivRbxwZ I AvavwZKZvi Î AekB Avnvi cÖ`vb Kie Ges BmjvgK AMÖMZxi Pig wkLi cŠQ wbq hve|

`ievix Avjg t Avgiv Zv gymjvgvb, Avi m `wóKvY AekB KviAvb I nv`xmi cÖwZ wekvm ivwL| ZvB KviAvb ejQ t

- AekB hb n Kvb msNl Kiv bv (evKvin& t 197)|

myZivs n gŠm~g Kviv mv_ msNl wjß nIqv ev mLvb wgwQj-wgwUs Ges wewfb kvMvb `qvI wVK bq| Kbbv KviAvb m evcvi wbla KiQ|

weÁ Avjg t D AvqvZ h msNli K_v ejv nqQ Ges hvi evcvi wblavÁv Rvix nqQ Zvi A_ nQ, KLbv Avjvn&i bvgi  ( ) ( ) Kmg w`q GK Acii mv_ K_v-evZv I ZK-weZK bv Kiv|

Avn&j evBZi BgvgMYi (Avt) KvQ _K h nv`xmgm~n DjL nqQ Zv _K eySv hvq h, GLvb Kjni A_ nQ Avjvn&i bvg wg_v Kmg `qv A_ev Ggb KvR Kiv hvi gvag Mvbvn& nq _vK| Bgvg mvw`K (Avt) ejQb h, Kmgmn Kjn Zv hw` gyÕwgb`i gji Rb nq _vK Ze Zv H AvqvZi AvIqvZvq coe bv| eis Ggb Kjni evcvi wblavÁv GmQ, hvi gvag Mvbvn& nq _vK Ges Zvi gvag Kvb ew Zvi gyÕwgb fvBqi Dci ivMvwš^Z nq hvq[2]|

wKš hw` D Knj ev ZK-weZK ØxbK wUwKq ivLvi Rb nq _vK Ze ZvZ Kvb Mvbvn& Zv b-B, eis Zv Avjvn&K AvbyMZ KiviB ewntcÖKvk|

Bgvg dvLi ivwR Zvi Zdwmi Kvwei-G D AvqvZi evLvq ejb t Bivbi gyZvKvwjwgbMY H Kjn ev ZK-weZKi c hv Øxbi ^v_| Avi Zv ne Avjvn&K AvbyMZ Kivi kvwgj| Gici  Zvi  K_vK  cÖwZwZ  KiZ  KviAvbi AvqvZ w`q `wjj

w`qQb, hv Avgiv m~iv bvn&ji 125 bs AvqvZ Avgiv co   _vKev t

- n bex! gvbylK wnKgZ I `wjj-cÖgvYmn Ges DËg ZK-weZKi gvag Zvgvi ciIqviw`Mvii w`K AvnŸvb Ki| Avi Zv`i mv_ DËg AvjvPbv I chvjvPbvi AvÄvg `vI|

Ges m~iv `i 32 bs AvqvZ co _vKev t Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv Kvwdi`i gyL _K K_v ei Kivi Rb nhiZ b~nK (Avt)  ejQb t

- n b~n! Avgv`i mv_ ZK-weZK Ges AbK Kjn& KiQv|

GB AvqvZ _K GUv eySv hvq h, b~n (Avt) wbRi MvÎi mv_ ZK-weZK KiZb| Avi GUvI eySv hvq h, Zvi ZK-weZKmg~n aygvÎ GK Avjvn&K AvbyMZ Kivi `vIqvZi cÖwZ Ges ØxbK cÖPvii jB wQj|

myZivs n gŠmyg, h Kjn& ev ZK-weZKi cÖwZ wblavÁv Rvix Kiv nqQ Zv nQ Ggb hv mZi wei evwZjK weRq Kivbvi j Kiv nq _vK|

`ievix Avjg t KviAvbi wewfb AvqvZ Kjn& ev ZK-weZKK fvj wnme wPwýZ KijI Zv AgyÕwgb`i weklZ¡ ej DjL KiQ| hgb m~iv Mvwdii 4 bs AvqvZ Avgiv co   _vKev t

- aygvÎ ZvivB Avgv`i AvqvZ múK ZK-weZK Ki _vK hviv Kvwdi nq MQ|

D m~ivi 67 bs AvqvZ co _vKev t

- Avi hw` Zviv Zvgvi mv_ ZK-weZK wjß nq, Ze Zv`iK ej `vI h, Zvgiv hv KiQv m múK Avjvn& Aviv ekx Rvbb|

D m~ivi 121 bs AvqvZ co _vKev t

- AekB kqvZvb Zvi eÜz`iK Mvcb wewfb welq wkwLq _vK hvZ Zviv Zvgvi mv_ Kjn& ev ZK-weZK wjß nq|

weÁ Avjg t Avcbvi K_v gZ KviAvbi wewfb AvqvZ _K GUv eySv hvq h, ÒRv`vjÓ kãwUi AbK A_ iqQ hv mjvK `yB fvM fvM Kiv hvq| 1- cQ`bxq, 2- AcQ`bxq| hLbB Abi mv_ Kvb mZ cÖwZv Kivi Rb ZK-weZK Kiv nq, Zgb ÒRv`vjÓ AekB cQ`bxq Ges Kvb Kvb Î Zv IqvwRe nqI _vK| Avi hw` Kvb wg_v welqK mZ ej Pvwcq `qvi Rb ZK-weZK Kiv nq, Zvnj Zv wbtm`n AcQ`bxq evcvi ne|

djvdj t G AvjvPbv _K GUv cwivi h, D   ÒRv`vjÓ-K n gŠm~g AvÄvg `qv KLbvB AcQ`i nZ cvi bv|

`ievix Avjg t Avgvi K_v nQ h, Bev`ZK ivRbxwZi mv_ wgwkªZ bv Kiv| Avi ni gZ cweÎ vb ivRbxwZ Kiv I kvMvb `qv Ges wgwQj-wgwUs Kiv DwPr bq| Kbbv D vbwU Bev`Zi Rb Zix Kiv nqQ| Avi ivRbxwZi vb nQ AbÎ|

weÁ Avjg t Bmjvg Bev`Zi A_, Bev`Z QvovI Abvb welqi mv_ IZcÖZv fve RwoZ| Avi n nQ GgbB GKwU Bev`Z, hv mvgvwRK, ivRbwZK, bwZK, A_bwZK I mvswZK Abi mv_I RwoZ| cÖKZ I cwic~Y n nQ IUvB h, mKj Zvi cÖwZwU Î _K jvfevb ne| hLbB nK ivRbxwZ _K Avjv`v Ki djev ZLbB H n ÎwU cÖek Kie| GLvb welqwU cwivi nIqvi Rb Bgvg Lvgbxi (int) Mfxi eei cÖwZ `wó `qv evÂbxq|

Òni GKwU `vkwbK w`K nQ Zvi ivRbwZK w`K, hv kÎi Kvjv nvZ aŸsm Kivi Rb m`v mPó| Ze Zv`i bó cÖPvi-cÖcvMvÛv gymjgvb`i Dci cÖfve djQ, hvi KviY gymjgvbiv nK wbQK GKwU Bev`Z ej gb KiQb| m Rb n gŠmyg eZgvb gymjvgv`i Abvb welqi cÖwZ `wó `qv nq bv| Ze hLb _K n i nqQ ZLb _K ivRbwZK w`KUvI Zvi mv_ IZcÖZvfe RwoZ wQj| Avi G `ywUK KLbvB GK Aci _K Av`vjv Ki `Lv nZ bv| Kbbv ivRbxwZi ga aygvÎ ivRbwZK welq QvovI Be`Zi welqI iqQ[3]|

Avi Ab GKwU vb ejQb t

ÒjveŸvBK jveŸvBKÓ aŸwbwU aygvÎ g~wZjvi evcviB ejv bv eis ÒjvÓ (bv) kãwUK mg AZvPvi I AZvPvixi weiI ejv| Avi Lv`vi Ni ZvIqvdi ga iqQ mZi cÖwZ fvjevmv|  AšiK Abi KvQ _K wQwbq bvI Ges `qK AmZi cÖwZ AvbyMZ Kiv _K cweÎ Ki| Avi mZi cÖwZ cÖg Kivi j QvU eo me aibi g~wZ Ges AZvPvix I Zv`i `vli`i KvQ _K `yi _vKv| Kbbv Avjvn& I Zvui cÖgxKMY Zv`i Dci Amšó[4]........|

myZivs n nQ Bev`Z I ivRbxwZi mswgkªY| G `wóKvYi wfwËZ Bmjvgx ivRbxwZ nQ Abyic Bev`Zi gZB| Zvnj Avgiv wKfve nK Bmjvgx ivRbxwZ _K Avjv`v Kiev| D`vniY ^ic hw` Avcji wbhvmK Zv _K ei Ki bqv nq, Ze wK D AvcjK ZLb Avi Avcj ejv he!!

`ievix Avjg t bex (mvt) Ges gvÕmyg BgvgMY (Avt) Avi Zv`i mvnveMY Avg`i Rb Av`k ^ic| Zuviv Zv n gŠmyg aygvÎ Zv AvÄvg w`Zb, ivRbxwZi mv_ Kvb múK wQj bv|

weÁ Avjg t Avcbvi GB DwwU wfwËnxb| Kbbv bex (mvt) I gvÕmyg BgvgMY (Avt) Ges Zv`i mvnvevMY mgq I myhvM cjB KvÕevi cvk em ivRbwZK, mvgvwRK I mvswZK AvjvPbv KiZb| Avi Gjvi cÖwZ wekl iZ¡ cÖ`vb KiZb| GLvb Zvi KqKwUK Zzj aivi Póv Kievt

1- ZvIqvdi mgq bexi (mvt) exii bvq ZŠInxw` gnov `vb t     

  bex (mvt) mßg wnRixZ (gv weRqi GK eQi AvM) `vBweqvi mwÜ Pzwi weavb gZ GUv wbw`ó wQj h, Igivn& cvjbi Rb gvq wZb w`b _vKZ cvieb| wZwb `yB nvRvi gymgvbK mv_ wbq gvi DÏk iIbv njb| Bn&ivg ea cÖLi iv`i ga gvq cÖek Ki KvÕev ZvIqvd Kib| gvi gvbyl (cil, gwnjv I wkiv) bex (mvt) I Zvui mvnvev`i GB gvjvKzwZ cwiek `Lvi Rb `j `j mLvb GKwÎ nq| Zv`i cweÎ Pnviv `L DcwZ RbMYi PvL AÜKvi bg Avm| ivRbwZK `wóKvY G mgqwU hnZz `viY úkKvZi I fvMwjwc Zixi Dchy mgq wQj ZvB wZwb Zuvi mvnvev`iK ejjb t

ÒZvgv`i Kvuai Kvco mwiq Zv Dy Ki Ges Drmvni mv_ ZvIqvd Ki| hvZ Ki gykwiKiv Zvgv`i meyR Pvgov Ges mej I KwVb evjvK `LZ cvqÓ|

mvnvevMY GB wb`k cq Hic AvÄvg w`j, Avi gykwiKiv KvÕevi Pvi cvk `je nq `vwoq, bex (mvt) I Zuvi mvnvev`i ZIqvd `LwQj|

Avðhi welq GUv h, hLbB gymjgvb`i ÒjveŸvBKv Avjvv jveŸvBKÓ ejv _g hvwQj ZLbB Avãyjvn& Beb ivIqvn (Bmjvgi GKRb mbvcwZ) bexi (mvt) w`K Bkviv Ki Mjv dvwUq wPrKvi aŸwbZ ejwQj t

                 

                                   

- n Kvwdiiv! ivm~j Lv`vi (mvt) Rb ivv cÖm Ki| ivv cÖm Ki Ges Rb bvI h, mg myL I mŠfvM bexi (mvt) wimvjvZ MÖnYi ga jyKvwqZ|

- n Avjvn&! Avwg Zvui K_v gZ Cgvb GbwQ Ges Zvui wb`k MÖnY KivKB mZ ej Rvwb[5]|

GLvb Avgiv `LZ cvB h, KvÕev ZvIqvd KivUv bex (mvt) I Zuvi mvnvev`i Rb GKwU gnov ^ic wQj| Avi Zv wQj gykwiK`i wei| mv_ mv_ Zv Bev`ZiI kvwgj wQj| hvi gvag gykwiKiv nqwQj aŸsm|

 

2- Bgvg mvBb (Avt) n KiZ Gm gyqvÕweqvi wei KVvi AwfhvM Kijb t

58 wnRixZ gyqvÕweqv (gyqvÕweqvi BšKvji `yB eQi c~e) Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) Abymvix Ges Avjvfx`i mv_ ci gZ eenvi Ki|

Bgvg mvBb (Avt) H eQi n hvb| n cvjb Kivi mv_ mv_ wZwb wgbvZ ewb nvwkg, wkqv Ges Avbmvi`i wewkó ew`iK GKwÎZ Kib| GK nvRviiI ekx jvK mLvb GKwÎZ nq| ZveCb I bexi (mvt) mvnvev`i wKQy mšvbMYI mLvb DcwZ wQjb| Bgvg mvBb (Avt) H vb DV `vwoq ee cÖ`vb Kib| GB ee wZwb Avjvn&i cÖksmv Ki ejbt

: ǡ

- Avv ev` t ÒGB AZvPvix Rvwjg (gyqvÕweqv) Avgv`i I Avgv`i Abymvix`i mv_ Ggb eenvi KiQ hv Avcbviv mKjB Rvbb I `LQb Ges mvw AvQb| Avwg Avcbv`iK KqKwU welqi cÖwZ AeMZ KiZ PvB| hw` mZ ej _vwK Ze Zv mZvwqZ Kieb| Avi hw` wg_v ej _vwK Ze AvgvK wavi w`eb| GLb Avgvi K_vwU by&b Ges Zv Avcbv`i Aši cÖek Kivb| Zvici hLb n _K wdi wbwiwewj vb hveb ZLb Avgvi K_vwUK hviv Avcbv`i wekvmfvRb Zv`i KvQ cŠQ w`eb| ZvK Avcbviv hfve Pbb I Rvbb (gyqvÕweqvi AZvPvi múK) Zvi wei Zv`iK `vIqvZ Kieb| Avgvi fq nQ h, GB cwiwwZ hw` PjZB _vK Ze hv wKQy mZ I wbf~j Zv nvwiq hZ cvi| Ze Avjvn& Zvui b~iK cwic~Y Kieb hw`I Zv Kvwdi`i AcQ`i nq _vKÓ|

ZLb Bgvg mvBb (Avt) KviAvbi AvqvZ I bexi (mvt) nv`xm eqvb Ki Avjxi (Avt) DchyZv I hvMZv Ges Zuvi      mšvb`i BgvgZi AwaKvix nIqvi evcvi K_v ejjb| m mgq DcwZ cÖwZwU ewB wPrKvi aŸwbZ ejZ jvMjv t

- nuv, Avgiv mv w`wQ h, Ggb K_v ivm~j Lv`vi (mvt) KvQ _K bwQjvg Ges Zv h mZ ZvI mv w`wQ| Gfve Zviv Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) K_vK mZvqb KiwQj|

GB AvjvPbvi kl Bgvg mvBb (Avt) wØZxqevii gZ Zv`iK ejjb t Avcbv`iK Avjvn&i Kmg w`wQ h, hLb wdi hveb ZLb wbRi jvK`i mv_ Avgvi GB K_vjvK ejeb, hv`iK Avcbviv wekvmx gb Kib| Avi Zv`iK Avgvi `vIqvZ múK AeMZ Kieb[6]|

GUv wQj n cvjbi cvkv-cvwk gyqvÕweqvi wei Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) GKwU ivRbwZK c`c|

Avi  GLvb  Avgiv  n  BeªvnxwgZ `LZ cvB h, aygvÎ

wbQK Bev`ZB bq eis Zvi cvkv-cvwk ivRbwZK welqI AvjvwPZ nqQ| hLb wKbv cwiwwZ wQj AbK KwVb, Zv mZ¡I mLvb AZvPvi I AZvPvixi wei mú~Yic GKwU ivRbwZK welq DÌvwcZ nqQ|

 

3- KvÕevi cvk mgKvjxj mgqi AZvPvix kvmKi wei Bgvg mvv`i (Avt) cÖwZev` t

BwZnvmi Aviv GKwU `óvš hv ni mv_ ivRbwZK welqi IZcÖZvZvi cÖgvY Ki| NUbvwU nQ t n gŠmyg wnkvg Beb Avãyj gvjKi mv_ KvÕevi wbKU Bgvg mvv`i (Avt) fxlY evKweZÊv nq| Avgiv GLvb mswßvKvi NUbvwU Zzj aiwQ t

ZLb Lwjdv Avãyj gvjKi (cÂg DgvBqv Lwjdv) mgq PjwQj| Zvi Qj wnkvg n cvjYi Rb gvq cÖek Ki| m ZvIqvdi mgq nvRviZzj AvmIqv` Pz^b `qvi Pó Kijv wKš cÖPzi wfoi KviY Zv KiZ cvijv bv| Zvi Rb nvRvivj AvmIqv`i wbKU GKwU wg^vi Zix Kiv nj| m wg^vii Dci DVj kvgi wKQy jvK Zvi Pvi cvk wfo Rgvq| Avi m mLvb em hviv ZvIqvd KiwQj Zv`iK j KiwQj| Ggb mgq `Ljv h, Bgvg mvv` (Avt) KvÕev ZvIqvd e iqQb| hLb wZwb nvRvivZzj AvmIqv` Pz^b KiZ PvBjb ZLb gvbyl ZvK wekl mvbi mv_ ivv Ki w`j| Avi wZwb Zwßfi ZvZ Pz^b w`jb|

G mgq kvgi GK Awaevmx wnkvgK ejj t GB ew K, hvK gvbyl GZ mvb w`Q?

wnkvg bv Rvbvi fvb Ki ejj t Avwg ZvK wPwb bv|

ZLb Zvi cvk `vwoq _vKv dvivh`vK bvg GK Kwe H kvgevmxK ejj t     wKš Avwg ZvK wPwb|

kvgevmx ejj t wZwb K?

dvivh`vK   Bgvg  mvv`K  (Avt)  KweZvi  gvag  cwiPq

Kivjb| Avi H KweZvwU wQj 41 wU cswZ m^wjZ| hv Gfve i KiwQj t

                                        

- wZwb Ggb GK ew gvi cv_ijv hvi cvqi QvcK Pb|

 

- KvÕev Ni, wnRvRi gifywg Ges nvivg kwidi evBii I wfZii Dfq w`K _KB ZvK Pb|

 

wnkvg ivMvwš^Z nq dvivh`vKK ew` Kivi wb`k w`j| Bgvg mvv` (Avt) hLb dvivh`vKi ew` nIqvi Lei Rvbjb ZLb Zvi Rb `vqv KiwQjb| Avi Zvi Rb evi nvRvi w`invg cwVqwQjb| cÖ_g dvivh`vK Zv MÖnY Ki wb| ZvB Bgvg mvv` (Avt) Zvi Rb cqMvg cvVvjb t

ÒZvgvi Dci Avgvi h AvwaKvi iqQ, m myÎ Zzwg GB A_ MÖnY Kie| Avjvn& Zvgvi AvavwZK wbqvZi K_v Rvbb| ZLb dvivh`vK H A_ MÖnY Ki Ges wnkvgi wei ew` _vKv Aevq GKwU KweZv wjL[7]|

GLvb Avgiv `LZ cvB h, ZvIqvd Kivi mgq Bgvg mvv` (Avt) wnkvgi kvb-kIKZi w`K Kvb åcB Kib wb| Avi dvivh`vKi Gnb KvRwU mú~Yic ivRbwZK KviY _vKvq Bgvg ZvK cÖksmv Ki A_ cÖ`vb Kib Ges Zvi Rb `vqvI Kib| Avi Zvi cweÎ wbqZK mZvwqZ Kib|

D NUbvwU wK GUvB cÖgvY Ki bv h, n gŠmyg KvÕevi cvk ivRbwZK welq mwó Kivi evcvi gvÕmyg BgvgMYi (Avt) mZvqY wQj?!

4- Bgvg evwKii (Avt) ivRbwZK IqvwmqvZ t

wewkó gynvwÏm Rbve KzjvBwb gyIqvQ&QvK (wbo mZ) mb` DjL KiQb h, Bgvg mvw`K (Avt) ejQb t Avgvi wcZv [Bgvg evwKi (Avt)] IqvwmqvZ Ki ejQb t ÒAvgvi múwË _K wKQy cwigvb IqvK&d Kie, hvZ Ki 10 eQi ai n gŠmyg wgbvZ Avgvi Rb `b Ges Avgvi `ytLgq Aevi Rb AvnvRvix Ki[8]|

GLvb Ggb cÖk AvmZ cvi h, Bgvg evwKi (Avt) Kb g`xbvq Zuvi Keii cvk Avhv`vix KiZ IqvwmqvZ Kib wb! Kb gvq A_ev wgbvZ n gŠmyg QvovI Zuvi Rb Avhv`vix KiZ IqvwmqvZ Kib wb?

Gfve Reve `qv hZ cvi h, wZwb PqwQjb n gŠmyg hLb gymjgvbMY wewfb vb _K wgbvq GKwÎZ neb ZLb mLvb Zuvi Rb mevB Avhv`vix Kie| Avi mB Avhv`vixZ wewfb NUbv DjL Kivi gvag AZvPvix`i cwiPq Zzj aiv, hvZ Ki gymjgvbMY Z¡vZ ewb DgvBqv`i Ryjyg I AZvPvi múK AeMZ nq| myZivs ni cvkv cvwk cÖqvRbxq ivRbwZK welqv`x hfve Bgvg evwKi (Avt) IqvwmqvZ KiQb, mfve wbRi múwËi wKQy Ask IqvK&d Ki Zv cvjb Kib|

 

ni Avn&Kvg, Bev`Z I ivRbwZK welqi wkv `q t

mvaviYZ Avgiv hLb ni Avn&Kvgi w`K `wó w`ev ZLb `LZ cvev h, ZvZ Bev`Zx welq QvovI ivRbwZK welqI wbofve Rwoq AvQ| D`vniY ^ic t

1-                       hLb gvbyl ni Rb Bn&ivg cwiavb Ki ZLb `yB LÊ mv`v Kvco w`q wbRi kixiK XK _vK| awb, Mixi, DPc`, wbgc` mKjB GKB  mgvšivj  chvq  cŠQ  _vK|  Avi GLvb

_K h wekl welqwU wkv wbq _vKev Zv nQ

GB welqwU ivRbwZKfve wekl iZ¡c~Y|

2-                       Bn&ivgi Avn&Kvgi ga GKwU Avn&Kvg nQ Gic h, AwZ z`ª KxU-cZ (gkv, wccov ......) hv gvbyli Mvq em I Kvgwoq `q ev j dzUvq Zv`iK gi djv Ges AwZ QvU MvQ-MvQvjx hv mnRB Dco djv hvq Zv Dco djv nQ nvivg| kixii jvg ev gv_vi Pzj Ub wQo djv nQ nvivg| A¿ mv_ ivLv nvivg ..............| G jv _K Avgiv wbivcËvi wkv wbq _vwK hv GKwU ivóªi Rb wekl iZ¡c~Y|

3-                       KvÕev ZvIqvd Kivi mgq, cÖwZevi hLb nvRvij AvmIqv` cŠQvB ZLb gymZvnve nQ ZvZ nvZ eyjvbv| G gg Bgvg mvw`K (Avt) ejQb t

nvRvivj AvmIqv` nQ hwgbi eyK Avjvn&i Wvb nvZi gZB hvi gvag wZwb Zuvi mwói c _K evBqvZ MÖnY Ki _vKb (A_vr ZvZ nvZ eyjvbvB nQ Zuvi mv_ evBqvZ Kiv)[9]|

mvaviYZ evBqvZi welqwU nQ mú~Y GKwU ivRbwZK welq| Avjvn&i mv_ evBqvZi A_ Ggb h, n Avjvn&! Avwg Zvgvi mv_ evBqvZ KiwQ| hvZ Ki Zvgvi wb`wkZ c_ PjZ cvwi| Avi AvgwiKv I BmivCji gZ Zvgvi Abvb mKj kÎi mv_ hb kÎZv cvlY KiZ cvwi|

4-                       wgbvZ ÒivwgÕ RvgvivZÓ (kqZvbK cv_i gviv) KvRwU Ki _vwK| GB KvRwUi ivRbwZK w`K nQ AekB AvgwiKv I BmivCj mn hviv kqZvbi `vmi Zv`i cÖwZ cv_i wbc Kiv| Avgv`i AekB kÎ Pbvi gZvI _vKZ ne, hvZ Ki Zv`iK wbw`ófve gviZ cvwi| hgbfve cv_i gvivi mgq GKUz Gw`K Iw`K nj Zv mwVK ne bv|

5-                       ni mgq wgbvZ Aviv GKwU Ki _vwK, Zv nQ Kzievbx Kiv| GB Kzievbx Kivi gvag Avgiv h wkvwU cq _vwK Zv nQ AvZZvM I AbK wbRi _K cÖvavb `qv| hv kqZvbi mv_ gyKvwejv Kivi Rb me enZ ivRbwZK c`c|

 

*****

 

ejv nq _vK t Bgvg gvn&`x (Avt) KvÕevi cvk Avwef~Z neb| Avi mLvbB 313 Rb wekl Abymvix Zuvi nvZ evBqvZ Kie[10]|

G gg nhiZ hvn&iv (mvjvt) ejQb t

......

Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv nK Øxbi GKwU iZ¡c~Y LywU wnme gbvwbZ KiQb[11]|

 

Ges Bgvg mvw`K (Avt) ejQb t            

hZY chš KvÕev we`gvb _vKe BmjvgI ZZY chš Aewkó _vKe[12]|

h n aygvÎ Bev`Zx welqmg~nK MÖnY Kiv nq Ges ivRbwZK welqmg~n MY Kiv nq bv m n wK ØxbK wUwKq ivLvi Rb iZ¡c~Y f~wgKv cvjb KiZ cvie?!

 

 

 


 

82- Avãyj gyËvwje I Avey Zvwjei Kei whqviZ I Zv`i Cgvb cÖm gybvwhiv t

c~e K_v t bexi (mvt) cÖ_g cyil Avãyj gyËvwje I Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) wcZv Avey Zvwjei Kei gvq Ryb Keivb cvkv-cvwk vwcZ nq AvQ| wkqv gvhnvei h KD mLvb hvq, h Kvb cÖKviB nvK D `yB wewkó ewi Kei whqviZ Ki Avm| wKš Avn&j mybvZ Zvi cÖwZ Kvb iZ¡B `q bv| eis Zv Kiv mwVK bq ej gb Ki| wbgi gybvwhivwU j Kib t

GKRb wkqv Avjg ejb t GKwU Abyvb Avgvi I AvÕwgwiY e gvid `dZii cÖavbi ga nhiZ Avãyj gyËvwje I nhiZ Avey Zvwjei Kei whqviZi welq AvjvPbv PjwQj| m ejj t Zvgiv wkqviv Kvb KviY H `yÕRbi Kei whqviZ Kiv?

ejjvg t ZvZ Amyweav Kv_vq?

cÖavb t Avãyj gyËvwje Ggb mgq Rxeb-hvcb KiZb ZLb Kvb bex wQj bv| GgZvevZB wZwb  BšKvj Kib| Kbbv ZLb bex (mvt) `ywbqvZ _vKjI Zuvi eqm wQj AvU eQi| H eqm wZwb ZLbI beyIqvZ c`vcY Kib wb| ZvB Avãyj gyËvwjei mgq Øxb ZŠInxw` wQj bv| myZivs wK KviY Zvi Kei whqviZ hvI?!

Avi Avey Zvwje Zv gykwiK Aevq `ywbqv _K we`vq wbqQ| gykwiKi Kei whqviZ Rvqh bq!

ejjvg t Avãyj gyËvwjei evcvi Kvb gymjgvb GgbwU ejZ ivwR ne wK h, wZwb gykwiK wQjb? Kbbv wZwb Avjvn&K wPbZb Ges GKZ¡ev`i Dci wekvmx wQjb Ges Zvi wcZvgn nhiZ Beªvnxgi (Avt) Øxb nvwbdK gb PjZv| hLb Aveivnvn& Zvi mb `j wbq KvÕev aŸsm KiZ GmwQj Ges Avãyj gy&Ëvwje Zvi KvQ _K wbRi DUjv AvbZ wMqwQj ZLb Aveivnvn& ZvK ejwQj t Avgvi `wóZ Zzwg AbK z`ª nq Mj, Kbbv Zzwg Zvgvi DU wbZ GLvb GmQv wKš Zvgvi I KvÕevi gvÕey` múK

wKQyB ejj bv!

Avãyj gyËvwje H K_vi DËe ejb t

- Avwg nwQ GB DUi gvwjK, Avi GB NiiI GKRb gvwjK (Avjvn&) AvQb whwb Zv iv Kieb|

Zvici Avãyj gyËvwje KvÕevi cvk wMq `iRvi Kov ai `vqv I KweZv AvewZ Kijb hvi GKwU cswZ nQ Gic t

n Avjvn&! cÖZKB Zvi cwievii m`mK iv Ki _vK, ZzwgI Z`ªc GB KvÕevK iv Ki ...................[13]|

Aekl Zvi `vqv Keyj nj| Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv `j `j Avevwej bvg GK AwZ z`ª cvwL cÖiY Kib Ges Aveivnvn&i nx evwnbxK H cvwLi gvag aŸsm Kivjb| cweÎ KviAvbi m~iv wdj GB KviYB bvwhj nqQ|

Avi wkqv gvhnvei AbK iIqvqZ GmQ h, Avjx (Avt) ejQb t Avjvn&i Kmg! Avgvi wcZv Avey Zvwje Ges wcZvgn Avãyj gyËvwje, nvwkg I Ave` gvbvd KLbvB g~wZ cyRviK wQjb bv| Zviv KvÕevi w`K wdi bvgvh Av`vq KiZb Ges Beªvnxgi (Avt) nvwbd Øxbi AvBb gvZveK PjZb[14]|

*****

GLvb Avey Zvwjei Cgvb múK AvjvPbv Kiev t

cÖ_gZ t bexi (mvt) Avn&j evBZi `wó Ges wkqv gvhnvei AvjgMYi gZ wZwb gymjgvb wQjb I gyÕwgb wnmeB `ywbqv _K we`vq wbqQb|

Beb Avwej nv`x` (whwb mybx gvhnvei GKRb DP chvqi Avjg) DjL KiQb t GKRb jvK Bgvg mvv`i (Avt) KvQ wRÁvmv Kijv h, Avey ZvwjK wK gyÕwgb wQj?

wZwb ejjb t nuv|

Ab AviKRb BgvgK wRÁvmv Kijv h, wKš KD KD ej _vK Avey Zvwje Kvwdi Aevq `ywbqv _K we`vq wbqQ|

Bgvg mvv` (Avt) Zv`i DÏk ejjb t ÒAvðh! Zviv ivm~j (mvt) I Avey Zvwjei evcvi evR K_v ej| Kbbv ivm~j Lv` (mvt) Kvb Kvwdi ewi mv_ Cgvb`vi gwnjvi weqK wbla KiQb| Avi GZ Kvb m`n bB h, dvwZgv webZ Avmv` (mvjvt) Bmjvgi cÖwZ `ªZ AMÖmi nqwQjb Ges Cgvb`viI wQjb| Avi wZwb Avey Zvwjei kl Rxeb chš Zvi ¿x wnme wQjbÓ[15]|

wØZxqZ t Avn&j mybvZi wewkó AbK Avjg DjL KiQb h, bex (mvt) AvK¡xj Beb Avwe ZvwjK ejQb t

Avwg ZvgvK `yÕwU KviY fvjevmx t 1- AvZxqZvi KviY Zvgvi mv_ Avgvi h múK iqQ, 2- hnZz Avgvi PvPv Avey Zvwje ZvgvK fvjevm ZvB ZvgvK ZvgvK fvjevmx[16]|

GB welqwU D welqiB mZvqY Ki h, bex (mvt) Avey Zvwjei Cgvbi evcvi wekvmx wQjb| Avi hnZz KvwdiK fvjevmv Kvb mvbi evcvi bq, Z_vwcI wZwb AvK¡xjK Avey Zvwje fvjevmb ejB fvjevmZb| AZGe, wbðqB Avey Zvwje Kvwdi wQjb bv[17]|

*****

evLv t AwcÖq njI mZ h, Avn&j mybvZi fvBqiv Zv`i AZxZMYi G welqi cÖwZ åvš evLvi AbymiY I AbyKiYi gvag Avey Zvwjei Cgvb wQj bv G welqwUK esk cigcivq eYbv w`q AvmQ| Zviv GUvI Rvb bv h, Zv`i gvhnvei g~jevb MÖš AbK nv`xmB iqQ hv Avey Zvwjei Cgvbi c ewYZ nqQ| weØl cvlYKvixiv GUvB Pvq h, mKji KvQ Avey Zvwje gykwiK wnme cwiPq cvK| Kbbv Zvi Qj Bgvg AvjxB (Avt) nQb bexi (mvt) jvwfwl, hw` Avey ZvwjeK gykwiK wnme wPwýZ Kiv hvq Ze Bgvg AvjxK (Avt) Ac` Kiv hve| Avi GB weØlwU ewb DgvBqv`i Avgj _K i nq Ges PjZ _vK| Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) Kmg w`q ejwQ, hw` Avey Zvwje Zuvi wcZv bv nZb Zvnj bexi (mvt) PvPv nIqvi KviY wZwb me _K DËg gyÕwgb ew wnme cwiPq cZb|

Avjvgv Avwgwbi (Avj& Mv`xii cÖYZv) Qji mv_ Kvb GK gRwjm mvvZ KiwQjvg| mLvb Avey Zvwjei cÖm DVj wZwb ejjb t hLb Avgiv bvRvd Avkivd wQjvg ZLb bwQjvg h, Avn&gv` LvBwi bvg wgkii GK jLK Avey Zvwje múK GKwU eB wjLQb| Zvi DÏk wPwV wjLwQjvg Ges D eBwU Qvcvbv _K weiZ _vKZ ejjvg, H mgq chš hZY chš bv Avj& Mv`xii mßg LÊwU Zvi KvQ cvVvwQ|

hLb Avj& Mv`xii mßg LÊwU (GB LÊi kl AavqwU Avey Zvwje msvš) Qvcv Lvbv _K ei nj, ZLb mgq bó bv Ki Zvi DÏk cvwVq w`jvg| wKQy w`b ci Avn&gv` LvBwii c _K GKwU cÎ cjvg| mLvb m abev` Rvwbq wjLQ h, Avj& Mv`xi eBwU Avgvi nvZ cŠQQ| Avey Zvwje múK D eBqi AvjvPbvwU Avgvi weeKK h_ó cwigvb bvov w`qQ| Avwg Avey Zvwje múK hv wjLwQjvg Zv me Gjv-gjv Ki w`qQ| Avi G welq Avgvi weeK bZzb wPšvi AeZviYv NwUqQ| cÎi kl wjLQ h, Avey Zvwjei wRnv`mg~n I cÖwZivi KviYB Bmjvgi `pZv I cÖPvi-cÖmvi NUQ| GB KviYB wZwb weki gymjgvb`i Cgvbi Aswk`vi nq iqQb Ges mKj gymjgvb Zvi KvQ Fbx nq _vKe|

cÖavb t hw` Avey Zvwjei Cgvb GZB ^Q nq _vK, Ze Kb Avgv`i AvjgMY Zvi evcvi wewfb gše KiQb Ges KD KD ZvK Kvwdi ej NvlYv w`qQb?! Gi cÖKZ KviY Kx?

ejjvg t DjwLZ eYbv gvZveK mZ nQ GUvB h, gyqvÕweqvi LjvdZi mgq Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) evR K_v ejv GgbwK Zv bvgvhi KzbyZI ejvUv ea gb KiZv| AvbygvwbK 70 eQi ai wg^vi wg^vi Zuvi Dci (bvDRywejvn&) jvbZ cÖ`vb Kiv nq| AcweÎ nvZjv mvPvi nq DV wg_v I Rvj nv`xm KiZ| ZvivB Avey ZvwjeK Kvwdi NvlYv `q, hvZ Ki AvjxK (Avt) Kvwdii mšvb wnme cwiPq `qv hvq| Avi GB Rvj I wg_v nv`xmjvB Zvgv`i MÖšmg~n cÖwmZv cqQ Ges Zvgvi`i gv_v-gMRK bó KiQ| hw` Zv bv nq _vK, Ze Avey Zvwjei Cgvb h KZ `p Zv m~hi Avjvi gZ úó|

AviKwU welq nQ h, Avey Zvwje wePYZvi mv_ Bmjvgi c bexK (mvt) cÖwZiv KiwQjb| wZwb ZvwKqv Aej^b Ki PjZb, hvZ Ki bexK (mvt) ekx mvnvh KiZ cvib| hw` wZwb cÖKvk bexK (mvt) mvnvh KiZb, Zvnj beyIqvZ cÖKvki cÖ_g w`K Dchyfve ZuvK mvnvh KiZ cviZb bv|

bexi (mvt) _K cÖvß e nv`xm Ggb `Lv hvq h, Avey Zvwjei kvb wZwb eYbv KiQb| hgb t- ÒAvey Zvwje Avj wdiAvDbi gyÕwgb`bÓ Ges Ò Avmnve Kvn&diÓ gZ wbRi CgvbK Mvcb iLwQjb hvZ Ki Øxbi Rb AwaK KvR KiZ cvib| Bgvg nvmvb AvmKvixi (Avt) Zdwmi GB iIqvqZi evLvq wZwb ejQb t ÔAvjvn& ZvÕqvjv bexi (mvt) KvQ Inx cvwVqwQjb h, ÒAvwg ZvgvK `yB `ji gvag mvnvh Kiev, hvi GKwU nQ Mvcb `j Ges AciwU nQ cÖKvk `j| Mvcb `ji DËg AwabvqK nQ Avey Zvwje Ges cÖKvk `ji DËg AwabvqK nQ Avey Zvwjei cyÎ Avjx (Avt)Ó[18]|

hv`i Ávbi cwiwa AwaK Zviv AekB Rvbb h, BwZnvm GB `ywU `j me mgq gymjgvb`i mv_ wQj Ges kÎ`i gvKwejvq iZ¡c~Y f~wgKv iLQ|

 

*****

 

Aveviv Avey Zvwjei Cgvb cÖm gybvwhiv t

Kvb GK gv`ªvmvq jLKi mv_ mybx gvhnvei GK ewi mv_ Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) wcZv Avey Zvwjei Cgvb wbq gybvwhiv msNwUZ nq hv wbgic t

mybx fvB t Avgv`i eywbqv`x wKZvemg~n Avey Zvwjei evcvi weZwKZfve DjL nqQ| KD KD ZvK fvj ejQb, Avevi KD KD ZvK g` ejQb|

jLK t wkqv AvjgMYi `wóZ [hviv bexi (mvt) BZivZi A_vr BgvgMYi (Avt) AbymiY Ki _vKb] Avey Zvwje nQ GKRb DËg gvbyl I gyÕwgb Ges Bmjvgi c `viY KvR Ki MQb|

mybx fvB t hw` ZvB ne, Ze Kb wewfb iIqvqZ ZvK e-Cgvb ejv nqQ?

jLK t Avey Zvwjei Aciva nQ h, wZwb nQb Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) wcZv| Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) mv_ hviv kÎZv KiZv hgb gyqvÕweqv Øxbnxb gymjgvb`iK evBZzj gvj _K nvRvi nvRvi w`bvi w`q GB aibi nv`xmjv Rvj KwiqQ| wg_v nv`xm Zix KviKiv A_i jvf Af`ªZvi Pig chvq DV, wg_vev`x Avey ivBivn&i  DׄwZ  w`q  ejQ  h, m ejQ t bex (mvt) win&jvZi

mgq IqvwmqvZ Ki MQb h, Avjxi (Avt) nvZ KU `vI[19]|

myZivs GB cU cyRvix, Ac`v_ I wg_vev`x`i c gyÕqvweqv Ges cieZx DgvBqv Lwjdv`i mgq GUv Ame wKQy bq h, Avey ZvwjeK gykwiK ej nv`xm Rvj Kie| Zviv Avey Zvwjei evcvi GZ AwaK cwigvb evR K_v ejQ hv Avey mywdqvb AwZ `yó cÖKwZi Ges bvsiv PwiÎi _vKv mZ¡I Zvi evcvi Gic ejwb|

AZGe, Avey Zvwjei Dci wg_v Acev` `qvUv GKwU ivRbwZK welq e Ab wKQyB bq|

mybx fvB t cweÎ KviAvb m~iv AvbqvÕgi 26 bs AvqvZ co _vKev ht

...........

Zviv Ab`iK Zv _K `yi ivL Ges wbR`iKI Zv _K `yi ivL|

Avgv`i AbK gydvQ&wQiMYi ee gZ GB AvqvZi DÏk nQ h, wKQy jvK bexi (mvt) c cÖwZiv KiZv Z_vwcI Zuvi _K `yi _vKZv|

Avi GB AvqvZwU Avey Zvwje cÖKwZi jvK`i evcvi bvwhj nqQ| Kbbv wZwb nqZv bexi (mvt) c cÖwZiv KiZb wKš Avevi Cgvbi w`K w`q Zuvi _K `yiI _vKZb|

jLK t

cÖ_gZ t D AvqvZi A_ Gic bq hv Zzwg ejQv|

wØZxqZ t hw` aiI bB h, Zvgvi A_UvB wVK ZviciI wKfve Zv Avey Zvwjei Dci eZvq?!

mybx fvB t GB `wjji wfwËZ h, mywdqvb QvDi nvwee Beb Avwe QvweZi DׄwZ w`q DjL KiQ h, Beb AveŸvm ejZv t ÔGB AvqvZwU Avey Zvwjei evcvi bvwhj nqQ| Kbbv m Ab`i bexK (mvt) Kó w`Z wbla KiZv wKš wbRK Bmjvgi _K `yi ivLZvÕ[20]|

jLK t Zvgvi K_vi Reve `qvi Rb Dcvqnxb nqB KqKwU welq DjL KiwQt

1-                       Zzwg hfve D AvqvZi A_ KiQv cÖKZ A_ Zv bq| eis H AvqvZwU Zvi c~ei I cii Aski mv_ wgwjq `Lj evSv hvq h, AvqvZwU Kvwdi`i evcvi bvwhj nqQ| Avi D AvqvZi evwnK A_ nQ t Zviv (Kvwdiiv) gvbylK bexi (mvt) AvbyMZ Kiv _K wbla KiZv Ges wbR`iKI `yi ivLZv[21]| myZivs GB AvqvZ bexK (mvt) cÖwZiv Kivi welqwU DjL nq wb|

2-                       ÒBqvbAvIbvÓ evKwUi A_ nQ Ô`yi _vKvÕ| wKš Avey Zvwje me`v bexi (mvt) mv_ wQj Ges KLbv Zuvi _K `yi hvB wb|

3-                       mywdqvb QvDi, Beb AveŸvmi DׄwZ w`q DjL KiQ h, wZwb ejQb t D AvqvZwU Avey Zvwjei evcvi bvwhj nqQ| GB iIqvqZwU KqKwU w`K _K MÖnYhvM bq, hgb t-

K)- Avn&j mybvZi eyRyM eweM ^xKvi KiQb h, mywdqvb QvDi mZev`x bq Ges Zvi K_vI wekvmhvM bq[22]|

Ges Beb gyevivK nZ DjL AvQ h, m ejQ mywdqvb Zv`wjm KiZv| A_vr  wg_v ej  mZK

wg_v Avi wg_K mZi ic w`Z[23]|

D iIqvqZi Aviv GKRb ivwe nQ nvwee Beb Avwe QvweZ, mI Avey nvBqvbi ee Abyhvqx Zv`wjm KiZv[24]|

GZ me hyw `wjji ci ejv hZ cvi h, D iIqvqZwU nQ ÔgyimvjÕ| A_vr nvwee _K Beb AveŸvmi ga ek wKQy ivweMY ev` co MQ|

L)- Beb AveŸvm GKRb wewkó ewZ¡| wZwb Avey Zvwjei Cgvbi evcvi wekvmx wQjb| myZivs wKfve wZwb Ggb iIqvqZ DjL KiZ cvib?!

Kbbv D AvqvZi evcvi Zvi `wófw Avgiv AvMB DjL KiwQ h, wZwb ejQb t Zviv (Kvwdiiv) gvbylK bexi (mvt) AvbyMZ Kiv _K wbla KiZv Ges wbR`iKI `yi ivLZv|

M)- DjwLZ iIqvqZ ejv nqQ h, D AvqvZwU aygvÎ Avey Zvwjei evcviB bvwhj nqQ| hw`I D AvqvZ  Ges  evK `ywU nQ eePb|

myZivs, wKQy jvKi Zdwmi Abyhvwq D AvqvZwU bexi (mvt) Abvb PvPv`i evcvi cÖhvR| Kbbv Zuvi 10 wU PvPv wQj, wKš Zvi ga wZb Rb wQjb gyÕwgb, h_vg t nvghv, AveŸvm I Avey Zvwje| ZvB Zv`i evcvi D AvqvZwU cÖhvR ne bv|

 

evLv t bex (mvt) gykwiK`i _K `yi _vKZb| hgb wZwb Avey jvnvei _KI `yi _vKZb hw`I m Zuvi PvPv wQj| wKš Avey Zvwjei Î wZwb Zv Kib wb, eis Zvi Rxebi kl w`b chš wZwb Zvi mv_ Mfxi múK iLwQjb| Zvi BšKvji eQiwUK wZwb   (`ytLi eQi) bvgKiY Kib Ges wZwb Zvi Rvbvhvi cvk `vwoq ejb t

!

nvq Avgvi wcZv! Zvgvi gZzZ Avwg KZB bv `ytL fvivvš, Avwg Zvgvi wbKU PvLi gwY Ges kixi AvZvi bvq wQjvg[25]-[26]|

GUv wK DËg KvR ne h, bex (mvt) Kvb gykwiKK Gfve cÖksmv Kieb Ges Zvi gZzZ `ytL fvivvš neb| Kbbv cweÎ KviAvb evisevi ejv nqQ h, gykwiK`i _K `yi _vKv?! ...

      

  

 

 

       

83- Avjx (Avt) wK `vgx AvswU nvZ ciZb?

c~e K_v t m~iv gvq`vn&i 55 bs AvqvZ Avgiv co _vwK h,

- Zvgv`i AwffevK I cwiPvjK nQ aygvÎ Avjvn& I Zvui ivm~j Ges hviv Cgvb GbQ, Avi bvgvh Av`vq Ki _vK I iKz Aevq hvKvZ `vb Ki|

gyZvIqvwZi iIqvqZ Abyhvqx wkqv I mybx Dfq gvhnvei _K DjL Kiv nqQ h, GB AvqvZwU Avwgij gyÕwgwbb Avjxi (Avt) kvb bvwhj nqQ| Avi Zv nQ bexi (mvt) ci wZwbB h Iqvjx ev ivn&ive ev cwiPvjK Zvi cÖgvY| GB AvqvZwU H mgq bvwhj nq hLb Avjx (Avt) gmwR` bvgvh Av`vq KiwQjb| Ggb mgq GKwU dwKi mLvb Gm mvnvh Kvgbv Kijv| KD ZvK wKQy w`j bv| nhiZ Avjx (Avt) ZLb iKzZ wQjb mB AevZ wZwb Zuvi Wvb nvZi QvÆ AvyjwU w`q Bkviv Kij m KvQ Avm Ges Avjxi (Avt) AvswUwU Lyj bq| Avi GfveB wZwb bvgvh Av`vq Kiv Aevq AswUwU hvKvZ wnme H dwKiK cÖ`vb Kijb| GgZvevq D AvqvZwU bvwhj nq[27]|

GLb H welq múK GKRb QvÎ I Avjgi ga h gybvwhiv nqwQj Zv j Kiev t

QvÎ t Avgiv bwQ h, Bgvg Avjx (Avt) Zuvi AswUwU dwKiK w`jb| Zv wQj AbK `vgx| wewfb MÖš hgb Zdwmi eyinvb (LÊ-1, ct-484) GmQ h, H AvswUwU cvuP wgmKvj jvj BqvKzZ cv_ii wQj Ges Zvi g~j wQj kvg knii LvRbvi mgcwigvb|

Avjx (Avt) GB AvswUwU Kv_v _K GbwQjb? wZwb wK Zvnj wejvwmZv cQ`Kvix? Avi GZ `vgx AvswU civ wK Aceq bq? Avi Ab w`K w`q Bgvg Avjx (Avt) múK Ggb K_v ejv DwPr bq, Kbbv wZwb AZš mvaviYfve Rxeb-hvcb KiZb| wZwb Zuvi GKwU ee Gic ejb t

- Avjvn&i Kmg! Avwg Zvgv`i ^Y I iŠci `ywbqv _K PvL Zzj wbqwQ Ges MwbgZ I A_ Rwgq ivwL wb| Avi Avgvi GB cyivZb cvkvKwU e`j Ki cwiavb Kwi wb Ges GK weNvr cwigvb RwgI Avgvi AvqË Avwb wb| Avi GB `ywbqv _K Aí wKQy Lv` Ges mvgvb wKQy Qvov Ab wKQy bB wb[28]|

Avjg t Avjxi (Avt) AvswUi evcvi G me wfwËnxb K_v| Avi Avgv`i KvQ D AvqvZi kvb byRyj múK hZ iIqvqZ GmQ mLvb Zv Gic `vgx AvswUi K_v ejQ bv| aygvÎ Zdwmi eyinvb Ggb GKwU nv`xm Avbv nqQ| hw`I H nv`xmwU nQ Ôgyimvjvn&Õ A_vr ZvZ mb`i w`K _K mgmv iqQ| Avi Zvi KviY Zv MÖnYhvM bq| Ggb mebvB AwaK h, Kvb `yó jvKi bó nvZi _vevq Avjxi (Avt) wei Gic nv`xm wjwLZ nqQ|

QvÎ t AekB Zuvi Hic `vgx AvswU wQj bBj wKfve dwKi Zv w`q zav gy ne? Avi hw` Zvi Kvb g~j bv _K _vK Ze Zv w`q GK w`bi RbI dwKii cUi fvZ ne bv|

Avjg t hw` aiI bB h, Avjxi (Avt) AvswU `vgx wQj| hgb Kwe ejQt

n wfLvix! Avjxi Nii `iRv bvovI wMq,

               mLvb cve cyivi Zuvi nvZ I Kvivg|      

BwZnvm GmQ h, Avjxi (Avt) H AvswUwU gviIqvb web ZzK bvg GK gykwiKi wQj| hy Avjxi (Avt)  nvZ KZj nj wZwb Zvi AvswUwU ivm~ji (mvt) KvQ MwbgZ wnme wbq Avmb| bex (mvt) wb`k w`jb h, Avjx (Avt) MwbgZ wnme H AvswU cve| Kbbv bex (mvt) RvbZb h, hw` Avjxi (Avt) KvQ H AvswU `qv nq Ze wZwb Zv Avwgb wnme `L ivLe| Avi wekl Kvb mgq Afvwei Afve c~iYv_ Zv eenvi Kie| myZivs Avjx (Avt) H AvswUK q Kib wb| Avi nqZv KqK w`b Zuvi KvQ mUv wQj| hLbB H wfLvixi KvZi aŸwb bZ cjb ZLbB wZwb Zvi Afve wgUvbvi Rb ZvK w`q w`jb[29]|

QvÎ t ejv nq _vK h, Bgvg Avjx (Avt) bvgvh covi mgq `ywbqvi me wKQyB fyj hZb| hgb wmd&wdb hy Zuvi cvq Zxi weawQj wKš e_vi KviY KD Zv ei Ki AvbZ cviwQj bv| wZwb hLb bvgvh coZ i Kijb ZLb Bgvg nvmvbi (Avt) wb`k Zuvi cv _K H ZxiwU ei Ki Avbv nq wKš wZwb Kvb cÖKvi UiI cjb bv| hw` ZvB nq Ze wKfve wZwb bvgvh covi mgq dwKii AvZbv` bZ cjb ev ZvK AvswU w`jb?!

Avjg t hviv GUv wekvm Ki bv Zviv Rvb bv h, AfveMÖ gvbyli AvZbv` kvbv ev ZvK mvnvh Kivi Rb wbRi cÖwZ j ivLvi `iKvi bB eis Avjvn&i cÖwZ j ivLjB h_ó| Avjx (Avt) bvgvh wbRK fyj hZb wKš Avjvn&K bq| Avi Zuvi ev`vK fyj hvIqv gvbB ZvK fyj hvIqv| Abfve hw` ewj Zvnj ejZ nq h, bvgvhi ga hvKvZ cÖ`vb Kiv nQ Bev`Zi gaB Bev`Zi AvÄvg `qv| Avi hv wKQy Bev`Zx AvZvi mv_ múKhy bq Zv nQ ewMZ I `ywbqvex welq| wKš hv wKQy Avjvn&i mšwó ARb Kí wbqvwRZ Zv AekB Bev`Zx AvZvi m múKhy Ges Zv AvÄvg `qvi Rb iZ¡vivcI Ki| Avgv`i AekB GUv Rvbv cÖqvRb h, Avjvn&i KvQ wbRK wejxb Ki `qvi A_ GB bq h, gvbyl fveveM AvcyZ nq wbRi cwiPvjb gZv nvwiq dje| eis m wbRi BQvq hv wKQy Avjvn&K mšó Ki bv mB c_ _K mi Avme|  

 

 

 


 

84- Kb Avjxi (Avt) bvg KviAvb bBt

wkqv I mybx gvhnvei KqKRb Avjgi ga GK `viY AvjvPbv mfv AbywZ nq| Zviv mevB wi Kijv h, Kvb cÖKvi Mvovgx I ccvwZZ¡ QvovB myó AvjvPbvi wfwËZ Bmjvgi GKwU gvhnveK mZ ej NvlYv w`e| Zv`i AvjvPbv i nj t

mybx Avjg t hw` Avjx (Avt) bexi (mvt) cieZx Lwjdv nq _vKb Ze hvZ Ki gymjgvbiv cieZxZ weiva bv Ki m Rb Zuvi bvg KviAvb gwR` DjL nIqv cÖqvRb wQj|

wkqv Avjg t bexi (mvt) Kvb mvnvevi bvgB KviAvb DjL nq wb, aygvÎ hvB` Beb nvwiQvn& eZxZ| ZvI Zv GmQ aygvÎ hvB`i c~ei ¿xi mv_ bexi (mvt) weq nIqvi KviY[30]|

mybx Avjg t hfve hvB`i bvg GKwU NUbvi eYbvq KviAvb GmQ mfve BgvgZi welq DjL c~eK  Avjxi (Avt) bvgI KviAvb Avmv AvekK wQj|

wkqv Avjg t hw` Avjxi (Avt) bvg DjL nZ Zvnj Zuvi kÎi msLvI KqK b eo hZ| Avi hnZz ZLb KviAvbi msLv ekx wQj bv ZvB mnRB Zv cwieZb Kiv me nZ Ges Zvui bvg KviAvb _K gyQ djZv| ZvB GUvB DËg wQj h, wewfb weklY DjL Kivi gvag Zuvi bexi (mvt) vjvwfwl nIqvi evcviUv eYbv nvK| Avi hnZy KviAvbi cwZ nQ Avmj welqjv eqvb Kiv Ges Zvi evLv `qvi `vwqZ¡ wQj bexi (mvt)|

mybx Avjg t KviAvbi Kv_vq Avjxi (Avt) weklY GmQ?

wkqv Avjg t KviAvb cÖPzi AvqvZ Avjxi (Avt) DÏk GmQ, hgbt AvqvZ wejvqvZ (gvq`vn& t 55), AvqvZ BZvqvZ (wbmv t 59), AvqvZ gyevwnjvn& (Avj Bgivb t 61), AvqvZ ZvZ&nxi (Avn&hve t 33), AvqvZ BejvM (gvq`vn& t 67), AvqvZ AvKgvj (gvq`vn& t 3) Aviv ...........................[31]|

D AvqvZmg~ni evcvi wkqv I mybx Dfq gvhnvei c _K bexi (mvt) DׄwZ w`q hZ nv`xm GmQ Ges mjvi kvb byhyj Abyhvqx cÖwZwU AvqvZB Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) LjvdZ I BgvgZi c bvwhj nqQ| Kbbv KviAvb ejQ t

 

hv wKQy ivm~j Lv`v (mvt) Zvgv`i Rb wbq Avmeb Ges Zvgv`i cÖwZ Av`k Kieb, Zv kªeY Kie Ges AvÄvg w`e| Avi hv wKQy wZwb wbla Kieb Zv AvÄvg `qv _K weiZ _vKe[32]|

 

nv`xm mvKvjvBb Abymvi hv mKj gymjgvb MÖnY Ki _vK h, bex (mvt) ejQb t Avwg Zvgv`i ga `ywU fvix e iL hvwQ, 1- Avjvn&i KviAvb I 2- Avgvi BZivZ (Avn&wj evBZ)|

Avi Zvgv`i AbK iIqvqZ Abymvi wZwb ejQb t Avwg Zgvv`i ga `ywU fvix e iL hvwQ GKwU Avjvn&i KviAvb Ges AciwU Avgvi mybZ|

myZivs AekB mybZ A_vr bexi (mvt) Av`k-wbla gb Pjev Ges Zv gb wbev| m w`K Mfxi j Kij D AvqvZ bexi (mvt) mybZ Abyhvqx Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) kvb bvwhj nqQ| AZGe, cweÎ KviAvb Bgvg AvjxK (Avt) bexi (mvt) cieZx vjvwfwl nIqvi NvlYv w`Q| hw`I Kvb gjv_ Zuvi bvg KviAvb Avmwb| hgb mú~Y KviAvb aygvÎ Pvi evi bexi (mvt) A_vr Ògynv`Ó Ges GKevi ÒAvn&gv`Ó bvg DjL nqQ| wKš KviAvbi  AwaKvsk  ÎB  ZvK Bkviv Ki A_ev Zuvi myÎ ai

K_v ejv nqQ[33]|


 

85- wkqv gvhnvei Abymvix nIqvi KviY!

c~ei mfvq H cÖwqvq Zv`i gybvwhiv AevnZ wQj|

mybx Avjg cÖm cv ejj t GLb hw` Avgiv wmvš bB h, cvuP gvhnvei (nvbvwd, nv^vwj, gvjwK, kvdqxÕ I RvÕdvix) GKwUK AbymiY KiZ ne Zvnj mUv Kvb gvhnve ne?

wkqv Avjg t hw` Bbmvdi gvag wePvi Ki Ze AekB RvÕdvix gvhnveK AbymiY KiZ ne| Kbbv RvÕdvix gvhnve Bgvg mvw`Ki (Avt) I bexi (mvt) Abvb Avn&j evBZMYi (Avt) KvQ _K GmQ| Avi Bgvg mvw`K AekB Bmjvgx wbqg-bxwZ múK KviAvb I bexi (mvt) mybZi evcvi AwaK Ávbx|

(G welq 74 bs gybvwhivZ wevixZ AvjvPbv Kiv nqQ)|

 

GB AvjvPbvK mú~Y Kivi j wgkii Avj& Avhnvi wekwe`vjqi wmwbqi cÖdmi Ges gyd&Zx kBL gvn&gy` mvjZzZi GKwU HwZnvmxK dZvqv hv Zvi `dZi _K ÔRvwgÕBqvZz `viZ ZvKwiwe evBbvj gvhvwnwej BmjvwgqvÕ -Z cvVvbv nqwQj Ges Zv 1379 wnRixZ ÔwimvjvZzj BmjvgÕ bvgK gvMvwRb cÖKvwkZ nqwQj Zvi Ask wekl GLvb Zzj aijvg t

 

kBL gvn&gy` mvjZzZ Zvi dZvqvi GK Ask Gfve wjLQb t

AekB RvÕdvix gvhnve, gvhnve wkqv 12 Bgvgx wnme wekl cwiwPZ; Zv Ggb GK gvhnve hvi cÖwZ wekvm I AvbyMZ Kiv Avn&j mybvZi Abvb gvhnvei gZB kwiqvZMZ fve Rvqh| myZivs GB welqi cÖwZ AeMZ _vKv gymjgvb`i Rb DËg| Avi Zv GKwU Avjv`v gvhvnve wnme AnZzK Mvovgx Kiv _K `yi _vKv Ges Zviv hb Kvb wekl gvhnveK AbymiY Kivi evcvi ccvwZZ¡ bv Kib| GB gvhnvei wewkó AvjgMY nQb gyRZvwn`| Zv`i dZvqv Avjvn&i `ievi MÖnYhvM| Avi hviv gyRZvwn` bq Zviv BQv Kij H me Avjg`vK AbymiY KiZ cvib Ges Zv`i dZvqv Abyhvqx PjZ cvib| Avi GB Î Bev`Z I ePv-Kbvi ga Kvb cv_K bB[34]|

 

*****

Avn&j mybvZi eo eo eyRyM I weÁ eweM hgb t Avj& Avhnvi wekwe`vjqi mveK wkK gynv` dvL&Lvg, Kvqiv gmwR`i cwiPvjK Avãyi ingvb Avb bvRvix, wgkii GKRb wkK I jLK Avãyj gvKQy`, DjwLZ mKjB kBL gvn&gy` mvjZzZi HwZnvmxK dZvqvK mZvqY KiQb|

gynv` dvL&Lvg ejb t Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv kBL gvn&gy` mvjZzZK ingZ Kib, whwb GB wekl iZ¡c~Y welqwUi w`K j KiQb I wkqv 12 Bgvwg gvhnveK Bmjvgx Ges KviAvb I mybvn& wfwËK ej AvLv w`qQb|

Avãyi ingvb Avb bvRvix ejb t Avgiv GLbv kBL gvn&gy` mvjZzZi HwZnvmxK dZvqv Abyhvqx dZvqv w`q _vwK| hw`I Avwg Avn&j mybvZi Pvi gvhnve Abyhvqx dZvqv w`q _vwK Z_vwcI kBL gvn&gy` mvjZzZ nQ Bgvg I gyRZvwn` Zvi wmvš mKj mgq cÖKZ mZi bvq nq _vKe|

Avãyj gvKQy` ejb t wkqv 12 Bgvwg gvhnvewUi DchyZv GgbB h, Avn&j mybvZi gvhnvejvi gZB Zv AbymiYhvM| Avi Avn&j mybvZi c _K Kvb cÖKvi AvcwË _vKe bv h, K Kvb gvhnvei Abymvix ne| hLb RvbZ cvijvg h, H gvhnvei g~j Drm nQb Avjx (Avt) ZLb eySZ cvijvg h, wZwb nQb mB ew whwb bexi (mvt) ci Øxwb welq mKji _K AwaK weÁ ew wQjb[35]|

 


 

86- Keii Dci wbgvbKZ Nimg~nK aŸsm Kivi evcvi gybvwhivt

c~e K_v t g`xbvq wQjvg, Bmjvgi wewkó ew`i Keimg~n  hgb Bgvg nvmvb (Avt), Bgvg mvv` (Avt), Bgvg evwKi (Avt), Bgvg mvw`K (Avt) Ges .............................hwgb eivei nq MQ `Ljvg| `ytwLZ njvg| Kbbv D Keimg~n GK mgq eiMvn& wQj| wKš Invexiv wki&K I nvivgi `vnvB w`q mjvK (1344 wnRixZ) gvwUi mv_ wgwkq w`qQ| GB welq GKRb wkqv I GKRb Invexi ga gybvwhiv AbywZ nq hv wbgic t

wkqv Avjg t Kb GB KeijvK f gvwUi mv_ wgwkq w`qQv? Kb Gjvi cÖwZ Amvb Ki _vKv?

Invex t Avcbviv wK nhiZ AvjxK (Avt) Keyj Kib?

wkqv Avjg t AekB, wZwb Avgv`i cÖ_g Bgvg Ges bexi (mvt) cieZx Lwjdv|

Invex t Avgv`i wbfihvM MÖš [36] DjL nqQ h,

: ǡ : : ()

- wZbRb h_vg Bqvwnqv, Avey eKi I hywni I ........... DjL Ki h, IqvwKBÕ mywdqvb _K, m nvwee _K Ges m IqvBji _K Ges m Avwe BwjnvRi _K DjL KiQ h, Avjx (Avt) Avwe BwjnvRK ejQb t ÒZvgvK GKwU KvR wbhy Kiev, h KvR bex (mvt) AvgvK wbhy& KiwQj, Avi Zv nQ Kvb QweK mwiq w`e bv hZY bv Zv aŸsm KiQv Ges DPz KeiK Qo w`e bv hZY bv Zv gvwUi mv_ wgwkq w`Q|

wkqv Avjg t GB nv`xmwUi mb`i w`K _K Ges GB welqi mv_ mvgÄmi Î Amyweav iqQ|

mb`i w`K _K t 1- IqvwKBÕ, 2- mywdqvb, 3- nvwee web Avwe mvweZ,  4-  Avwe IqvBj  DjwLZ  eweMi  evcvi  Ggb Kvb nv`xmwe` bB h, Zv`i Dci wekvm vcb Ki|

D`vniY ^ic t Avn&vg` Beb nv^vj IqvwKBÕBi evcvi wjLQ h, m 500wU nv`xmi Î fyj KiQ[37]|

Ges mywdqvbi evcvi ejv nqQ h, m nv`xm ejZv Ges Zv`wjm (wg_vK mZ ic eqvb) KiZv| GgZvevq m AvgvK `L jv cqwQj[38]|

Ges nvwee web Avwe QvweZi evcvi ejv nqQ h, m Zv`wjm KiZv[39]|

Ges Avwe IqvBji evcvi ejv nqQ h, m Bgvg Avjx (Avt) cÖwZ kÎZv cvlY KiZv[40]|

wekl K_v nQ h, Avn&j mybZi mnxn& wmËvZ Avey BwjnvRi GKwU gvÎ nv`xm D QqwU MÖš iqQ| Avi Zv _KB eySv hvq h, m nv`xm eËv wQj bv Ges ZvK KD wekvmI KiZv bv| myZivs DcivwjwLZ nv`xmwU mb`i w`K _K mú~Y ic Awek|

GLb nv`xmwUi `wjj I Dcv`b múwKZ welqi Dci AvjvPbv t

K)- ÔgymwidÕ kãwU hv D nv`xm GmQ Zvi AvwfavwbK A_ nQ DPz vb hv Abvb vbi _K DPz Ges my`p| myZivs h Kvb aibi DPz vbB Gi AvIZvq coe bv|

L)- ÔmvDqvBZvnÕ kãwUi AvwfavwbK A_ nQ Kvb `ywU wRwblK mgic vb `qv ev evKv nq hvIqv Kvb wRwblK mvRv Kiv|

myZivs D nv`xmi A_ GB bq h, h Kvb DPz KeiK aŸsk Ki `vI|

Avi hwgbi mgvb mgvb Kei _vKvUv nQ mybvZ Bmjvwgi eiwLjvc| Kbbv Bmjvgi dKxn&MY KeiK hwgb _K GK weNr chš DPz Ki ivLvi dZvqv w`qQb[41]|

ÔmvDqvBZvnÕ kãi Aviv GKwU A_ nZ cvi h, Keii DPZvmg~nK gvQi I DUi wcVi gZ bv Ki mgvb Ki `vI| Kbbv Avn&j mybvZi eo eo AvjgMY hgb gymwjg Zvi mnxnvZ, wZiwghx I wbmvB Zv`i mybvb D nv`xmi Gic A_ KiQb|

djvdj t D wZbwU mvebv _K (1- Kei DPZvK bó Ki `qv, 2- Keimg~nK hwgbi mgvb mgvb ivLv, 3- Keii DPZvK mgvšivj ic ivLv) GUv cwivi h, cÖ_g I wØZxq mvebv `ywU MÖnYhvM bq| wKš ZZxq mvebvwU mKji KvQ MÖnYhvM|

myZivs D nv`xmwU Kvb cÖKviB Keii vcZK bó Kivi cÖwZ wb`k `q bv[42]|

Aviv ejv DwPr h, hw` Bgvg Avjx (Avt) Keii vcZK bó KivK cÖqvRb gb KiZb Zvnj Kb wbRi LjvdZ Kvj Avjvn&i Awj-AvDwjqvMY I bexMYi Keii vcZmg~nK bó Ki `b wb ev BwZnvm Zgb Kvb mvI w`Q bv?!

Avi eZgvb mgq hw` Iqvnvexiv Keii vcZK bó KivK cÖqvRb gb Ki _vK Ze Kb bex (mvt), Avey eKi I Igii Keii vcZK bó KiQ bv?!

Iqvnvex t  bex (mvt), Avey eKi I Igii Keii vcZ bó bv Kivi KviY nQ h, Kei I bvgvhx`i ga GKwU `qvj _vKv `iKvi| hvZ Ki bvgvhxiv H KeijvK wbR`i wKejv wbw`ó bv Ki ev H Kei mg~ni Dci wmR`v bv `q|

wkqv Avjg t Zzwg hv ejQv Zv AbfveI mgvavb Kiv hZ|

Iqvnvex t Zvgvi KvQ Avgvi GKwU cÖk nQ h, KviAvb Ggb Kvb `wjj AvQ wK hvZ Avjvn&i AvDwjqv`i Keii Dci gvRvi Zix Kivi AbygwZ w`qQ?

wkqv Avjg t cÖ_gZ t GgbwU bq h, KviAvb mKj welq GgbwK gymZvnve welqI wb`k `qv _vKe| hw` GgbwU _vKZv Zvnj Zv eZgvb KviAvbi h AvqvZb iqQ Zvi _KI KqKk Y AvqvZb ew cZ|

wØZxqZ t KviAvb GB welqi cÖwZ Bkviv nqQ| hgb m~iv nvi 32 bs AvqvZ co _vKev t

hviv Gjvnx vMvbi cÖwZ mvb cÖ`kb I AbyMZ Ki, Gic KvR Zv`i Aši ZvKIqvi wb`kb ^ic|

ÔkvqvÕBiÕ kãwU nQ ÔkvCÕivZzbÕ kãi eePb hvi A_ nQ wb`kb| GB AvqvZi A_ aygvÎ Avjvn&i AwZ¡i wb`kb bq, (Kbbv G cwaexi me wKQyB nQ Avjvn&i wb`kb) eis Avjvn&i Øxbi wb`kb mg~n[43]|

hv wKQy Avjvn&i Øxbi wb`kb Zvi cÖwZ mvb cÖ`kb I fw Kiv nQ IqvwRe Ges Ggb KvR Zuvi wbKUeZxI Ki| hnZz Avjvn&i Awj-AvDwjqv, bexMY I BgvgMY (AvjvBwngym mvjvg) gvbylK Zuvi Øxbi cÖwZ `vIqvZ KiZb, ZvB Zv`i Keimg~nI Øxbi wb`kb nq _vKe| Zv`i Kei mg~nK hw` Avgiv my`hgwÊZ Kwi Ges Avjvn&i Øxbi wb`kbi cÖwZ mvb `LvB Ze

Zv AekB KviAvbi wb`k Abyhvqx AvÄvg w`qwQ|

m~iv ivi 23 bs AvqvZ bexi (mvt) Avn&j evBZi cÖwZ fvjevmv cÖ`kb KivUvB wimvjZi gyRywi wnme eqvb nqQ[44]|

hw` Avgiv bexi (mvt) Avn&j evBZK fvjem Zv`i Kie mg~nK cwivi-cwiQb Ki ivwL Ges mvbRbK fve Zvi Dci `vjvb Zix Kwi Zvnj wK Kvb Abvq Kiev? AekB Abvq Kiev bv|

D`vniY ^ic t KviAvb gRx` hw` ayjv-evwji ga co _vK Zvnj wK Zvi cÖwZ Amvb Kiv nq bv? Avi hw` KviAvb gRx`wUK GKwU my`i vb mvbi mv_ ivLv nq Zvnj wK Zvi cÖwZ mvb `qv nq bv?!

Iqvnvex t G me hv ejQv Zv mvgvwRK fve Lye cQ`bxq evcvi| wKš KviAvb H evcvi wbw`ó Ki Kvb wb`k `q wb|

wkqv Avjg t KviAvb Avmnve Kvn&di evcvi GmQ h, hLb Zviv nvi ga jywdq wQj Ges Mfxi Nyg AvQb nq cowQj, ZLb gvbyl Zv`i H nvwU LyR cqwQj| Zviv H vbwUK Kvb ic icvwqZ Kie m evcvi kviMvj KiwQj, GK`j ejj t

(H nvi Dci `vjvb wbgvY Ki)|

wKš Ab AviK `j (hviv Zv`i nvZ jywKq _vKvi cÖKZ KviY wbYq KiZ ciwQj) ejj t

(H nvi cvk gmwR` wbgvY Ki)[45]|

cweÎ KviAvb Kvb cÖKvi gše QvovB H `ywU `wófwKB DjL KiQ| hw` GB `ywU `wófwi h Kvb GKwU fyj _vKZv Zvnj AekB KviAvb H fyj `wófwi Dci gše KiZv| hv nvK G `ywU `wófw nQ Avjvn&i Awj-AvDwjqv`i Keii Dci mvb cÖ`kbi bgybv ^ic|

AZGe, D wZbwU AvqvZ (1- Gjvnx vMvbi cÖwZ mvb cÖ`kb, 2- bexi (mvt) Avn&j evBZi cÖwZ fvjevmv cÖ`vkb,       3- Avmnve Kvn&di Keii evcvi mó `ywU `wófw) nQ AbygwZ ^ic, eis gymZvnve nQ Avjvn&i Awj-AvDwjqv`i Kei mg~n gvRvi wbgvY Kiv[46]|      


 

87- Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) KvÕevq RbMÖnY wbq gybvwhivt

cye K_v t Avjxi (Avt) AbKjvi ga GKwU Mei welq nQ GUvB h, wZwb cw_exi me _K cweÎ vb KvÕev Nii ga fywgó nb| G welqwU wkqv I mybx wbwekl MÖnY Ki _vK| Avi Avjvgv Avwgwb Zvi g~jevb MÖš Avj Mv`xii l LÊ mybx`i 16 wU wbfihvM MÖš _K DjL KiQb| GB welqwU Dchy mb`i wfwËZ RxweZ nq AvQ hv Ab`i _K wZwb DP ghv`v múb ZviB ewntcÖKvk| nqZv c_åó gvbyli Rb GUv Avjvi w`kvix nZ cvi|

nvwKg wbkvc~ix wbRi gymZv`ivKi 3 bs LÊi 473 bs cvq DjL KiQb h, GB nv`xmwU gyZvIqvwZi (A_vr GZ AwaK cwigvb wbfihvM m~Î DjL nqQ h, Zvi cÖwZ Avi Kvb m`ni AeKvk _vK bv)| G cÖm wbgv gybvwhivwU j Kib t

mybx Avjg t BwZnvm GmQ h, nvwKg Beb nvhhvgI bvwK KvÕevq RbMÖnY KiwQj|

wkqv Avjg t Gic nv`xm BwZnvm cÖgvY bB| Avi eo eo AvjgMY hgb t Beb mveŸvM gvjwK[47], KzbwR kvdqxÕ[48], mvejvgwR[49], gynv` web Avwe Zvjvn& kvdqxÕ[50] ejQb h,

- KD Avjxi (Avt) AvM KvÕevq RbMÖnY Ki wb|

GLvb GKwU K_v ej ivLv `iKvi h, nvwKg web nvh&hvg Avjxi (Avt) _K KqK eQii eo ne| ZvB GB wg_v K_v iwUq Bgvgi KvÕev Ni RbMÖnYK nvjKv Ki w`Z Pvq|

mybx Avjg t KvÕev Ni Rb bqvUv H beRvZKi Rb GZ wK Mei welq?

wkqv Avjg t GK gwnjv hw` nUvr Ki Kvb cweÎ vb   mšvb cÖme Ki Zvnj Zv Kvb Mei welq nZ cvi bv| wKš hw` Gic GKwU NUbvi mv_ Hkx wb`k _K _vK Ges Avjvn&i Kcv I gZv Kviv fvM Avm, Avi m KviYB Kvb gwnjv cweÎ KvÕev Ni mšvb cÖme Kib Ze Zv H beRvZKi Rb ne GKwU AjŠwKK welq| mv_ mv_ H wkwUI ne DP ghv`v múb Ges cweÎ| Avjvn& ZvÕqvjvi wekl Kcvq Avjxi (Avt) KvÕev Ni Rb MÖnY KivUv, Zuvi Rb GKwU DP ghv`vKi evcvi Ges wZwb AwZ cweÎI eU| Kbbv KvÕevi `qvj dU hvIqv Ges Avjxi (Avt) gvqi Zvi wfZe cÖek KivUv H `wjji wfwËZ gyÕwRhv e Ab wKQyB bq[51]|

mybx Avjg t KvÕevq Avjx (Avt) Rb MÖnY KiwQjb bexi (mvt) beyIqvZ cÖKvki `k eQi AvM, Avi ZLb Zvi ga cÖPzi g~wZ wQj| myZivs H mgq KvÕev AvavwZKZvi mvb f~wlZ wQj bv| Avi ZLb ZvK aygvÎ g~wZi Ni e Ab wKQy ejv nZ bv| GB myÎ Avjx (Avt) GKwU g~wZ fwZ Ni Rb MÖnY KiQb hv Kvb ghv`v ev mvbi welq bq|

wkqv Avjg t KvÕev me cÖ_g Bev`Z Mn hv cw_exi eyK wbwgZ wQj (Avj Bgivb)|

nhiZ Av`g (Avt) Zv wbgvY KiwQjb Ges nvRvivj AvmIqv`K enk&Z _K wbq GmwQjb| cieZxZ Zv b~ni (Avt) mgq h Zzdvb GmwQj ZvZ bó nq hvq| nhiZ Beªvnxg (Avt) ZŠInxw` exi cybivq Zv wbgvY Kib| KvÕev Ni mKj mgq Avjvn&i bexMY I Awj-AvDwjqv Ges dik&ZvMYi c` PviYvi vb wQj| hw` Ggb Kvb cweÎ vb, Kvji weeZb g~wZ cyRvix`i gZvi AvIZvq Pj hvq Ges Zviv mLvb g~wZ Zzj cyRv KiZ  i Ki, Ze ZvZ H cweÎ vbi AvavwZKZv I cweÎZv Kg hvq bv| D`vniY ^ic, hw` KD evZj Ki g` wbq gmwR` hvq Ze wK gmwR`i cweÎZv, AvavwZKZv I ghv`v Le nq? AekB Zv nq bv|

Z`ªc hw` KD Rybye _vKv Aevq gmwR` cÖek Ki Ze A_ev g`i evZj wbq gmwR` cÖek Ki Ze m gmwR`i Avegvbbv Kijv Ges Avjvn&i vai ekeZx nj| wKš dvwZgv webZ Avmv` hLb Avjvn&i Kcvq KvÕevi ga cÖek Ki AvjxK (Avt) cÖme Kib ZLb G _K GUvB evSv hvq h, wZwb Ges Zuvi gv cweÎZvi w`K _K KZ DP wQjb| Avi Zv`i _K mg iKgi AcweÎZv `yi wQj| Kvb Mvbvn& Zv KibB wb eis Zviv Avjvn&i gn&gvb wnme mLvb wQjb| Avi Zv`i gRevb wQjb ^qs Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv| wZwb Zv`iK Zuvi Ni `vIqvZ KiwQjb| myZivs GB welqwUB Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) Rb nQ wekl Mei|

Avi G KviYB Bmjvgi cÖv_wgK chvq wewkó mvwnwZKMY GB Kz`ivZi Dci wewfb KweZvI wjLb| Zviv Zv`i KweZvq GB welqwUK GKwU wekl NUbv wnme icvwqZ KiQb|

Avãyj evwK AvÕgix Bgvg AvjxK (Avt) DÏk Ki ej t

                                    

 

- Zzwg mB Avjx, h ghv`v múb kxl vb _K Aviv DP ghv`v múb kxl vb DwbZ nqQv,

 

- Ges gvq KvÕevi Afši `ywbqvq K`g iLQv[52]|

dvmx mvwnwZK ej t

KvÕevq RbQv Avi gn&ive nqQv knx`,

   kªv Rvbvq Zvgvi DËg i Avi DËg cwimgvwßi|

mybx Avjg, Avi Kvb DËi w`Z bv ci gybvwhivi cwimgvwß NvlYv Kijv|


 

88- ÒBgvgZÓ I ÒAvmnvwe Kvb&byRygÓ nv`xmi evcvi   gybvwhivt

wkqv Avjg t Avgiv wekvm Kwi h, bexi (mvt) BgvgZ, LjvdZ I jvwfwlZv nQ Øxb I `ywbqvi eyK eo aibi `vwqZ¡| Kbbv bexi (mvt) jvwfwl nj Zuvi cÖwZwbwaZ¡ KiZ ne Ges Øxbi Avn&KvgK cÖPvi-cÖmvi KiZ ne, Avjvn&i `y` Ges kixqZK wUwKq ivLZ ne| Avi h Kvb aibi wdZbv-dvmv`K aŸsm KiZ ne| Avi h Kvb evwB GB i`vwqZ¡ cvjbi hvMZv ivL bv| Ggb ewK AekB Bmjvgi hgb t ZvKIqv, wRnv`, Ávb, wnRiZ, hvn&`, AwZZ fvj, ivRbxwZ, bvqcivqbZv, mvnmxKZv, cÖk e I DbZ wPšvkxj Ges DËg ewkói Î mKji _K Dci _vKZ ne| Avi Zgb ew wkqv I mybxi BwZnvmi mv Abyhvqx Avjx (Avt) eZxZ KD bB ev _vKeI bv|

mybx Avjg t bex (mvt) ejQb t

- Avgvi mvnvevMY Abyic ZviKv ivRxi bvq| Zv`i h Kvb GKRbK AbymiY KijB wn`vqZi c_ cve[53]

myZivs bexi (mvt) ci Zuvi h Kvb mvnvevKB AbymiY KijB bvRvZ cq hvev|

wkqv Avjg t nv`xmwUi mb`i w`K j Kiv eZxZ Aviv KqKwU `wjji wfwËZ Zv nQ ZixKZ nv`xm Ges Zvi Kvb g~j bB| Kbbv bex (mvt) Zgb nv`xmB ejb wb|

mybx Avjg t Avcbvi K_vi `wjj Kx?

wkqv Avjg t GB nv`xm h wg_v Zv cÖgvYi AbK c_ iqQ hgb t

1-                       ivZ mdiKvixiv ivvq PjZ PjZ hLb c_ nvwiq dj ZLb AvKvki eyK wgwjqb wgwjqb bÎ _vK, hw` gbi BQv gZ h Kvb GKwU bÎK wb`kK wnme wbw`ó Kwi Ze KLbvB n`vqZi c_ LyR cvev bv| eis cÖKZ c_i mÜvb `vb Kivi Rb wbw`ó I cwiwPZ bÎi cÖqvRb, hv mdiKvix`iK b~i `vb Ki cÖKZ c_i mÜvb w`Z cvi|

2-                       D nv`xmwU Abvb AbK nv`xmi mv_ weiva ivL| hgb nv`xm mvKvjvBb, Avgvi Lwjdv nQb 12 Rb Zviv mevB KzivBk _K -nv`xmwU, AvjvBKzg wej AvBvwZ wgb Avn&wj evBwZ (Zvgv`i Dci mvjvg n Avgvi Avn&wj evBZi BgvgMY) -nv`xmwU, Avn&jy evBwZ Kvb&byRyg (Avgvi Avn&wj evBZ nQ bÎ ^ic) -nv`xmwU, nv`xm mvwdbv (gvQvjy Avn&wj evBwZ KvmvwdbvZz b~n& .....) Ges Avb&byRygy Avgvbyb wj Avn&wjj Aviwh wgbvj MviwK Iqv Avn&jy evBwZ wj DvwZ Avgvwb wgbvj BLwZjvwd............(hwgbi Dci hviv AvQ bΠ Zv`i Wye hvIqv _K Dvi Ki, Avi Avgvi Avn&wj evBZ Avgvi DZK wbR`i ga gZweiva nIqv  _K iv Ki[54] Ges Aviv Abvb nv`xm|

iZ¡i welq nQ h, h nv`xmwU wbq AvjvPbv PjQ Zv gymjgvb`i GKwU wekl `ji c _K DjL nqQ, wKš H nv`xmi weivax h nv`xmjv DjL nqQ Zv gymjvgvb`i mKj `ji c _KB nqQ|

3-                       ivm~j Lv`vi (mvt) ci Zuvi mvnvev`i ga msNvZ nqwQj Zv D nv`xmi mv_ mZ bq| Kbbv cieZxZ wKQy mvnvev gyiZv` nq wMqwQj[55]|

Aviv mZ bq h, wKQy mvnvev Ab mvnvev`iK jvbZ KiZv| hgb gyÕqvweqv Avjxi (Avt) Dci jvbZ `qvi wb`k `q|

GUvI mZ bq h, mvnvevMY Zv`i wbR`i ga hy Kie| hgb Avjxi (mvt) Zvjnv I hyevBi Rv Rvgvj Ges gyÕqvweqv Rv wmd&wdb|

GUvI mZ bq h, mvnvev Kweiv Mvbvn& AvÄvg w`e Ges g` LvIqv, hbv I Pzwii Rb Zv`i wei nv` Rvix ne| hgb Iqvwj` Beb DÕKevn& Ges gyMvBivn& Beb kvÕei evcvi nqwQj|

mybx Avjg t   (Avgvi Avmnve) ejZ Zv`iK eySvbv nqQ hviv bexi (mvt) cÖKZ mvnvev wQjb| h me mvnvev wg_vev`x wQj Zviv bq|

wkqv Avjg t H ic mvnvev nQb mvjgvb, Aveyhvi, wgK`v`, Avvi Bqvwmi, Ab KD bq| wKš Zvgiv Zv`i vb Ab`iK DjL Ki _vKv| Gic AvjvPbv KiZ _vKj Zvgvi Avi Avgvi gaKvi weiva wgUe bv| eis Avgv`i DwPr H me nv`xmi w`K j Kiv h jv mgmv gy, hv AvMB DjL KiwQ|

GKwU NUbv Ggb h, mvjgvb hLb gv`vqb wMqwQj ZLb mLvb AvkqvÕQ I Rywii bvg `yÕew Zvi mv_ mvvZ KiZ Gm m`n cÖKvk Ki h, m wK mvjgvb| GgZvevq mvjgvb wbRi cwiPq w`q ej t Avwg mB mvjgvb, ivm~j Lv`vi (mvt) mvnvev| Zvi ciB m ejj t wKš Zvgiv Rb ivL h, mB nQ ivm~j Lv`vi cÖKZ mvnvev h Zuvi mv_ enk&Z cÖek Kie[56]|

cwivi K_v nQ h, cÖKZ mvnvev ZvivB hviv Rxebi kl mgq chš bexi (mvt) wb`k gZ Pj-div Ki Ges Kvb cÖKvi Zvi cwieZb bv NUvq| mv_ mv_ Gjvnx wb`ki mxgv jNb bv Ki|

cwikl ejZ nq h, Ggb mvnvev cj ZeB bv mwVK c_i mÜvb cvIqv me| wKš Zvgvi KvQ wRÁvmv KiwQ h, bexi (mvt) ci KqRb mvnvev wQj hviv cwieZb nqwb? Avgv`i iIqvqZ Abyhvqx KqKRb eZxZ mKjB gyiZv` nq wMqwQj|



 

89- Avjx (Avt) bvqi c_ _K knx` nqQbt 

GB welq gymwjg `yB Avjgi ga gybvwhivt

nvwg` t Avgiv hLb Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) RxewbK j Kwi ZLb `wL h, Zuvi mú~Y RxebvB hy I wRnv`i mv_ wgwkªZ| bexi (mvt) mgq Zuvi hy wQj gykwiK`i mv_ (hw`I Zv bexi wb`k)| Avi m hy׸jv h nIqvi cÖqvRb wQj ZvZ Kvb m`n bB| wKš Zuvi LjvdZi mgqKvi hy hv Zvi Rxebi mú~Y mgqUvB wbq wbqQ Ges wZwb H mgq gymjgvb`i mv_I hy KiQb| hgb t Rv Rvgvj, Rv wmd&wdb, Rv bvn&ivBb| wZwb Zv cviZb MvÎi cÖavb`i mv_ mgmv wgwUq djZ|  Zv-nj Zv Avi GZ jvKi AvZvwZ nZ bv|

mZi mÜvbx t Avgiv Bgvg AvjxK (Avt) GKRb cwic~Y gvbyl wnme gb Ki _vwK Ges ZvK GKRb bvqi cÖZxK wnme Rvwb| wZwb ivm~j Lv`vi (mvt) mgq hvivB Bmjvgi wei cÖwZeÜKZv mwó KiwQj Zv`i mv_B hy KiQb| Avi Zvui wbRi LjvdZi mgq Ggb Kviv mv_ hy KiZv hviv Bmjvgi Pvgov ai Szj wQj Ges Bmjvgi gMRK `yi Qyo dj w`qwQj| Avi wZwb Hme gymjgvb bvgavix gybvwdK`i mv_ hy KiZb hviv cÖKZ Bmjvgi BZ-mvb me ayjvq jywUq w`wQj| Avi BmjvgK wbRi ^v_ Dvii KvQ eenvi KiwQj| myZivs hw` Mfxifve j Kwi Ze kÎi nvZ Bmjvg wZMÖ bv nq Zv`i nvZB wZMÖ nqQ ekx cwigvb|

nvwg` t Bgvg Avjx (Avt) Zv cviZb h, mg `ji cÖavb`i GK RvqMvq `vIqvZ Ki Zv`iK evBZzj gvji jvf `wLq A_vr Rb cÖwZ wKQy A_i eev Ki Zv`iK kvš KiZ|

mZi mÜvbx t Zvgvi Gic K_v ejvi aib `L gb nQ Zzwg mvaviY GKRb mbvcwZi mv_ GKRb Gjvnx cÖwZwbwai Zzjbv KiQv| Avjvn&i cÖwZwbwa Zvui wb`ki Awab Pjv-div Ki| wKš Zzwg Kvb cv_KB ivLj bv| Avi G KiY g eo GKwU fyj Kij|

GUv DËg h, Avgiv GLvb mswßvKvi Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) LjvdZKvj wZbwU hyi Avmj KviY múK AvjvPbv Kiev| hvZ Ki Avgv`i KvQ welqwU cwivi nq hvq|

Rv Rvgvj I wmd&wdbi Avmj KviY nQ A_i cÖwZ jvf jvjmv I mvcÖ`vwqKZv| Kbbv Rv Rvgvj I wmd&wdbi myPbvKvixiv PqwQj mjvK Bmjvgi Ašif~ KiZ|

Rv Rvgvji NUbv nQ h, Zvjnv I hyevBii gZ eweM Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) KvQ ivóªxq DP c`i `vex KiwQj| Zviv ejwQj h, Avgv`iK Kzdv I emivi MfYi A_ev evBZzj gvji `vwqZ¡ cÖ`vb Ki|

GB bó `vexi A_ GUvB wQj h, Zviv hb mgvR aŸwb`i ga aYvXZv I mvcÖ`vwqKZv Ges Abvq-AwePvii myÎcvZ KiZ cvi| Avi Zv hb Bmjvgi bvg nq|

Avjx (Avt) KLbvB DPv wejvmx`iK gvbyli Rvb I gvji Dci KZZ¡kxj KiZ Pvb wb| wZwb Avjvn&i AvbyMZ KiZb| wZwb Ab KvDK AvbyMZ KiZb bv h, ewMZ ev `ywbqvex welqi cÖwZ wPšv Kieb Ges Avjvn&i ghv`v`vbKZ welqjvK bd&mi Zvobvq aŸsm Kieb|

Z`ªc wmd&wdbi hy gyqvÕweqv Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) KvQ PqwQj h, kvgi KZZ¡ Zvi nvZ AcY KiZ| Avi GUv cwivi wQj h, hw` ZvB nZ Ze gyqvÕweqv Zvi cU cyRvix, A_ jvfx AvwZq-^RbivB kvgi wbixn gvbyli Rvb I gvji Dci KZZ¡kvjx KiZv| Avi Gi gvag abx`i I mvcÖ`vwqKZv gbvfve múb jvK`i GKwU ivóª Zix nZ|

Bgvg Avjx (Avt) wK DwPr nZ AZvPvix Rvjg jvK`iK mvaviY gvbyli Rvb I gvji Dci KZZ¡kvjx  Kiv? Ggb  KvR  wK

mwVK?

H mgq gyMvBivZz Beb kvÕen& c`vi Avovj _K ÒAvbvwQnvZz wj Avgwij gymwjwgbÓ Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) KvQ Gic civgk w`qwQj| wKš wZwb AZš `pZvi mv_ DËi ejwQjb t

Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv KLbvB AvgvK Hic `Leb bv h, hviv Mvgivn& nq MQ Zv`iK wbRi jvK wnme wbhy Kiev[57]|

GgbwK Bgvgi AbK Rxeb DrmMKvix mx-mv_x hgb Avvi Bqvwmi, Aveyj nvBQvg I ............... hviv D NUbv múK AeMZ wQj Zviv Bgvgi KvQ Gm Ave`b Kijv t

Aí wKQy w`bi Rb GKUz big nvb Ges MvÎi cÖavb`i Rb KZZ¡ cÖ`vb ivRx nvb| hvZ Ki Avcbvi KzgZi wei we`ªvn bv Ki| mv_ mv_ wewfb cÖ`ki MfYi hviv Dchy&&& bq Z_vwcI Zv`iK c` envj ivLyb| Kbbv Zviv nQ MvÎi cÖavbMY, Zv`i w`K Lqvj ivLyb ..............|

Bgvg Avjx (Avt) Zv`i DËi ejwQjb t

Zvgiv wK AvgvK wb`k w`Q, hviv Avgvi KZZ¡i AvIZvq iqQ Zviv AZvPvi I RyjyK KiK, hvZ Ki Avgvi Avm cvk eÜz Rov Kiev| Avjvn&i Kmg! hZ w`b chš `ywbqv eZgvb _vKe Ges hZ w`b GKwU bÎ Ab AviKwU bÎi w`K avweZ ne Ggb KvRi AvÄvg `ev bv[58]|

AZGe, H aibi bó ew`i wec Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) `pZvZB Rv Rvgvj I wmd&wdb hyi m~Pbv nq|

wmd&wdb hyi kl chvq gyqvÕweqv civwRZ nIqv _K gyw cvIqvi Rb KviAvbi cvZv wQo elvi AvMvq dzwUq w`q mwÜ KiZ PvBjv| hv Bgvgi mb `ji ga bvRyK cwiwwZi mwó Ki| G cwiwwZZ hviv KÆi cwš wQj Zv BgvgK Kvwdi wnme dZvqv w`j| Avi G KviYB bvn&ivBb hyi m~Pbv nq| Zv`i ga Beb gyjwRg bvg GK jvK BgvgK nZvi cwiKíbv bq| Aekl m BgvgK knx` Ki| Bgvg Avjx (Avt) Bmjvgx bvq-wbv cÖwZv Kivi Rb A_ jvfx I mvcÖ`vwqKZv gbvfvevcb jvK`i wei joZ wMqB knx` nqQb| hgb ejv nq _vK h,    -Avjx (Avt) bvq cÖwZv KiZ wMq knx` nqQb|

ZvB hLb Zuvi gv_v I Nvo welv Zjvqvii AvNvZ jMwQj ZLb wZwb ejwQjb t   KvÕev Nii Lv`vi Kmg! gywcÖvß Ges weRq nqwQ|

Avjxi (Avt) gywcÖvßZv I weRq nIqvUv G KviY nqwb h, wZwb Bmjvgi iZ¡c~Y welqjvK bv `L wbRi ewMZ I `ywbqvex welqjvK ekx cÖvavb w`qwQjb ZvB eis wZwb gywcÖvß I weRq nqQb G KviYB h, wZwb knx` nZ ivwR wQjb wKš Bmjvgi iZ¡c~Y welqi evcvi Kviv mv_ Avcvl Kib wb Ges abx I mvcÖ`vwqKZv gbvfvevcb ew`i nvZ nvZ `bwb|

Bgvg Avjx (Avt) wbRi ewMZ welqjvK Bmjvgx mvgvwRK I ivRbwZK welqjvi ga wejxb Ki w`qwQjb| hvZ Ki gymjgvbMY h Kvb hgvbvq AZvPvix`i wei iL `vovZ cvi|    

  

   

 

    90- BgvgMYi (Avt) D`viZvi evcvi GK wkKi mv_ QvÎi gybvwhivt

QvÎ t Bmjvgx iIqvqZi ga AbK iIqvqZ `Lv hvq h, gvÕmyg BgvgMY (Avt) cÖPzi cwigvb A_ Amnvq ewK A_ev Abvb`iK `vb KiZb| GB iIqvqZmg~n wK wVK?

wkK t nqZv GB aibi Kvb iIqvqZi Dchy mb` bvI _vKZ cvi| Ze G aibi iIqvqZ GZ ekx h, Zv Awekvm Kivi hv bB| AekB AwaKvsk iIqvqZ Dchy mb` m^wjZ| D`vniY ^ic t

 

1-                       Avãyi ingvb mvjvgx, Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) QjK m~iv nvg` wkv w`qwQj, ZvB wZwb ZvK GK nvRvi w`bvi I GK nvRvi jvn& (Mig cvkvK) ZvK Dcnvi w`qwQjb[59]|

2-                       GKRb gymvwdi Dcvqnxb nq Bgvg ihvi (Avt) KvQ Gm ejj t Avgvi mdi Kivi A_ kl nq MQ| wKQy cwigvb A_ AvgvK w`b hv w`q Avwg Avgvi kni cŠQvZ cvwi| hLb Avwg Avgvi evoxZ cŠQ hvev Avcbvi `qv A_i mgcwigvb A_ Mixe jvKK w`q `e|

Bgvg ihv (Avt) DV evoxi wfZi Mjb Ges `yBkZ w`invg c~Y GKwU _wj Gb ZvK w`jb| Avi ZvK ejjb t GUv Avwg ZvgvK Dcnvi w`jvg| hLb Zzwg Zvgvi evoxZ cŠQ hve ZLb Zv Avgvi c _K Zv Q`Kv `qvi `iKvi bB[60]|

3-                       wewkó mvwnwZK dvivh`vK hLb RjLvbvq ew` wQj ZLb Bgvg mvv` (Avt) evi nvRvi w`invg Zvi DÏk cvwVqwQjb| Gi mv_ wb`kI w`qwQjb h, Avjvn&i Kmg! GB A_ m hb MÖnY Ki| Avi dvivh`vK Zv MÖnYI KiwQj[61]|

4-                       Avn&j evBZi (Avt) Kib Kvwnbx eYbvKvix I wewkó mvwnwZK `ÕejK Bgvg ihv (Avt) GKkZ w`bvi c~Y GKwU _wj w`qwQjb| m H A_ w`q wbRi RxebK mPj KiwQj[62]|

G aibi iIqvqZ cÖPzi cwigvb AvQ hv ej kl Kiv hve bv|

QvÎ t hw` iIqvqZ mwVK nq _vK, Zvnj Kb Bgvg Avjx (Avt) evBZzj gvj LiPi evcvi GZ KVviZv KiZb? Avi Zv me mgqi Rb mgvb fve eUb KiZb| hgb t Zvui fvB AvwKj wbRi cÖqvRb wgUvbvi Rb Zuvi KvQ wKQy ekx cwigvb AvUv PqwQj wZwb Zv bv w`q Zvi nvZ jvnv cywoq QvKv jvwMq w`jb| QvKv jvMvi mv_ mv_ m wPrKvi w`q DVjv| ZLb wZwb ZvK ejwQjb t n AvwKj! Zvgvi evoxi gwnjv`iK hb Zvgvi `ytL Kvu`Z nq| gvbyl Ljv Kivi Rb h Avb Zix Ki mB Avb m wbRB cyo _vK| Avi AvgvK Ggb Avbi w`K Vj w`Q h, mLvb Avjvn&i Amšwói KviY Avb cÖwjZ ne| Zzwg GB Aí AvNvZ wPrKvi w`Q, Zvnj Avwg wK `vhLi Avbi fq hv AbK mgq ai Rje wPrKvi `e bv?[63]   

wkK t Zvgiv G evcvi h fyjwU Ki _vKv Zv nQ GB h, Zvgv`i avibv nQ BgvgMYi (Avt) DcvRbi c_ aygvÎ evBZzj gvj _KB wQj| Avi ZvB Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) evBZzj gvj LiPi evcvi KVviZv I Abvb BgvgMYi (Avt) e`vYZvi gvS GK aibi weiva j Ki _vKv|

wKš cÖKZ welq nQ GUv h, BgvgMYi (Avt) DcvRbi Drm wQj wewfb aibi| Zvuiv mKjB aygvÎ evBZzj gvji evcvi Ggb KVviZv KiZb hgb Avjx (Avt) KiQb| Kbbv Zv wQj mvaviY gvbyli mú`| Zvi cyiUvB Zv BgvgMYi (Avt) wQj bv| evBZzj gvj eZxZ BgvgMYi (Avt) Abvb h DcvRbi Drm wQj Zv nQ hgb t  Avjx (Avt) 25 eQi (Avey eKi, Igi I Dmgvbi LjvdZKvj) ivRbwZK Ab Kvb gv_v bv Nvwgq eis wkqv`i A_bwZK Kó `L Ges cÖKZ BmjvgK wUwKq ivLvi Rb A_i cÖqvRbxqZv Abyfe Ki H eQijvZ Kwl KvR e wQjb| wZwb H eQijvZ cÖPzi cwigvb LRyi evMvb, cvwbi f~Mf bvjv Zix KiwQjb| Avi Zv _K h DcvRb nZ Zv A_nxb`iK `vb KiZb Ges Zv`iK cwiPvjbv KiZb| cieZxZ H evMvbjv I cvwbi f~Mf bvjvmg~nK Zvui mšvb`i nvZ w`q wMqwQjb Ges Zvi DcvRb _K Mixe Amnvq gvbyl`iK `Lv-bvi Rb IqvwmqvZ Ki wMqwQjb|

Bgvg mvw`K, Bgvg evwKi I Bgvg Kvwhg (Avt) Ges Abvb BgvgMYI (Avt) Kwl KvR I cy cvjY KiZb| Avi Kviv Kviv eemv Kivi Rb wbhy Ki iL wQjb| Zuviv RvbZb h, hw` Mixe Amnvq wkqv`i Rb Gic bv Kib Zvnj nqZv A_i Afve Zviv kÎi mvnvh cÖv_x nZ cvi| ZvB Zuviv Zv`i Abymvix`i Rb I cÖKZ BmjvgK wUwKq ivLvi Rb Kó Ki MQb| evBZzj gvj _K Zuviv KLbv Kviv evcviB AwZwi wKQy `b wb|

QvÎ t Avcbvi hywmZ AvjvPbvi Rb wekl abev`| Avwg G _K cÖKZ welqwU my`ifve Abyaveb KiZ ciwQ| wKš Avcbvi KvQ Avgvi GKwU `vex nQ h, AvgvK BgvgMYi (Avt) G aibi Aviv KqKwU DcvRbi Drm múK ejyb|

wkK t Zvgvi Rvbvi únv `L Lye fvj jvMQ| wVK AvQ Aviv KqKwU D`vniY Zzj aiwQ t

 

1-                       Avjx (Avt) wbRi `ywU DbZ gvbi Z hvi ga cÖP~i MvQ-MvQvjx I Kzqv wQj Zv iYveYi `vwqZ¡ AveybvBhvi bvg GK gymjgvbi Dci Acb Kijv| hv cieZxZ AveybvBhvi Z bvg cÖwm nqwQj| AbwU wQj eyMvBeyMvn& bvg| AveybvBhvi ej t GKw`b Avwg H Z wQjvg, nUvr Bgvg Avjx (Avt) mLvb Gm ejjb t Zvgvi KvQ Lvevi AvQ wK?

ejjvg t mvgvb Zj w`q GB Zi K`y ivbv KiwQ| Avwg LveviwU wbq Gjvg| wZwb Zv LvIqvi ci Kv`vj nvZ Kzqvi ga bvgjb| wZwb Kzqv KvUZ i Kijb| wKQy mgq ci Kcvj Nvg wbq Dci DV Avmjb| wKQy mgq ci cybivq Kzqvi ga bg Mjb| Kzqvi wfZi Zuvi Kv`vj Pvjvbvi kã evBi _K kvbv hvwQjv| wZwb H KzqvUvi cwiwa Ggbfve evwoq w`jb h, Zv cvwbZ cwic~Y nq Mj| wZwb Zwor MwZZ Zvi ga _K ewiq Gm AvgvK ejjb t Avjvn&K mvw ivLwQ h, GB KzqvwUK IqvKd Ki w`jvg| KvMR I Kjg AvbZ ejjb| Avwg `ªZ Zv nvwRi Kijvg| wZwb IqvKd bvgvwU wjLjb .......... ZvZ DjwLZ nj h, Bgvg vmvBb (Avt) Gi `vwqZ¡ enY Kieb| cieZxZ gyqvÕweqv `yBk nvRvi w`bvi Zv qi Rb cvwVqwQj|

Bgvg mvBb (Avt) Zv MÖnY bv Ki ejjb t Avgvi wcZv GB `ywU Kzqv I Z IqvKd Ki MQb hvZ Ki wKqvgZi w`b Zuvi Pnviv gyeviK `vhLi Avb _K wbivc` _vK, myZivs Avwg Zv KLbvB wew Kiev bv[64]|

 

2-                       Bgvg evwKi (Avt) dmj jvMvbvi Rb hwgb Zixi KvR e wQjb| Ggb mgq gynv` Beb gybKvw`i bvg GK jvK `Lvbv `ywbqv ZwM Bgvgi KvRi evcvi AvcwË Zzj Ges ZvK `ywbqv jvfx gb Ki ejj t hw` Zzwg GB Aevq BšKvj Ki Ze Zv Zvgvi Rb ne AbK Kói|

Bgvg evwKi (Avt) ZvK ejjb t Avjvn&i Kmg! hw` GB Aevq gZz Avgvi KvQ Avm Ze Ggb mgq Zv GmQ h mgq Avwg Avjvn& wb`k KvR e| Avi Avwg KvR Kivi KviY Zvgvi gZ jvKi mvnvhi cÖqvRb ivwL bv| Avwg H mgq gZzi fq cvB hLb Avwg Mvbvn& Kiv Aevq gZzeiY Kiev| ...........[65]

Gic NUbv Bgvg mvw`Ki (Avt) evcviI DjL nqQ[66]|

 

3-                       Avey nvghvn& ej t Avgvi wcZv ejQb t Z wMq `wL Bgvg Kvwhg (Avt) Kv`vj Pvjvbvi KvR e| Avi Zuvi mg kixi gyeviK Nvg wfR MQ| ZvK ejjvg t Abiv Kv_vq h, Avcwb Kv`vj PvjvQb?

wZwb ejjb t Zviv Avgvi I Avgvi wcZvi _KI fvj wQj hviv nvZ w`q KvR KiZv|

wRÁvmv Kijvg t Zviv Kviv?

wZwb ejjb t

 

 

- ivm~j Lv`v (mvt) I Avwgij gyÕwgwb Avjx (Avt) Ges Avg`i mKj wcZvgnB wbR`i nvZ w`q KvR KiZb| KvR Kiv nQ bexMYi I ivm~jMYi Ges AvDwjqvMYi weklZ¡[67]|

 

QvÎ t Avcbvi my`i eYbvi Rb wekl abev`| wKš hw` Avcbvi Aviv wKQy ejvi _vK Ze Zv ejZ cvib| Zv _K Avwg Aviv ekx RvbZ cviev|

wkK t GUv cwivi h, BgvgMYi (Avt) mgq wkqvMY cÖKZ Bmjvgi ivvq wQjb| wec`i ga _KI wbðzc wQjb| Zv`i AwaKviK niY Ki bqv nqwQj| wekl Pvci gyL w`bvwZcvZ KiwQjb| Avi GUvI cwivi h, wkqv`i `Lv-bv KivB nQ cÖKZ Bmjvgi K `L ivLvi kvwgj| KviY G`i gvagB Bmjvg weivax`i aŸsk Kiv me| m KviY Lvgm I evBZzj gvj _K Zv`iK A_ `qvUv ea wQj| hvZ Zv`i gvag Bmjvg gynv`x (mvt) I Avjvfx (Avt), AcweÎ nvZi Kej _K  wbivc`  _vK|  Kbbv  evBZzj gvj LiPi GKwU Î nQ

ØxbK kvwkvjx Kiv I wbivc` ivLv[68]|


 

91- Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) ghv`v I Inxi welq gybvwhivt

gmwR` jvK jvKviY wQj| GKRb Avjg Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) kvb ee ivLjv| m Zvi ee ejj t

GKw`b ivm~j Lv`v (mvt) cvwb PvBjb, H mgq Avjx (Avt), dvwZgv (mvjvt), Bgvg nvmvb I mvBb (Avt) Zuvi KvQ DcwZ wQjb| cvwb Avbv nj| bex (mvt) cvwbi cvÎ cÖ_g Bgvg nvmvb (Avt) Zvici Bgvg mvBb (Avt) Zvici nhiZ dvwZgvK (mvjvt) H cvwb cvÎwU w`jb Zuviv cÖZKB H cvÎ _K Aí Aí Ki cvwb cvb Kijb| ZLb bex (mvt) Zv`i DÏk ejjb t

.................

- mycq nvK Ges Zwßfi cvb Ki, n ..............

 

wKš hLb cvÎwU Avjxi (Avt) KvQ w`jb Ges wZwb Zv _K Aí cvwb cvb Kijb ZLb Zvui DÏk bex (mvt) ejjb t

- mycq nvK Ges Zwßfi cvb Ki n Avgvi jvwfwl Ges mwói Dci vZ|

 

Zvici wZwb wmR`vZ Mjb|

nhiZ dvwZgv (mvjvt) ivm~j Lv`vK (mvt) wRÁvmv   Kijb t Avcbvi GB wmR`v `qvi A_ wK?

bex (mvt) ejjb t hLb Zvgiv cvÎ _K cvwb cvb KiwQj Ges Avwg ejwQjvg mycq nvK Ges Zwßfi cvb Ki ......... ZLb Avgvi Kvb dik&ZvMYi AvIqvR bZ cjvg h, Zvuiv Ges wReªvCj Avwgb ^qs Avgvi mv_ D evKwU DPviY KiwQjb| wKš hLb Avjx (Avt) H cvÎ _K cvwb cvb Kijv Ges Avwg ZvK ejjvg t mycq nvK Ges Zwßfi cvb Ki ........................... ZLb Avwg Avjvn&i cweÎ mËvi AvIqvR bZ cjvg h, Avjxi evcvi  Avgvi  ejv  evKwUKB  wZwb  ejQb|  ZvB  Zvi Kwiqv

Av`vq Kivi Rb Avwg wmR`v w`qwQ[69]|

DcwZ RbMY t Avjvn&i wK KÉ AvQ h, bex (mvt) Zv bZ cqwQjb?

ev t Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv b A_ev Kvb vb GKwU aŸwbK mwó Ki _vKb| Avi Zuvi bex (mvt) H AvIqvRK bwQjb|

evLv ^ic t Avjvn&i mv_ bexMYi K_vcK_bi cÖwqv nQ wZb c_ hv wbgic t

1-                       K¡je cÖZveZxZ nIqv| AbK Avw^qvi KvQB GB cwZZ Inx bvwhj nZ|

2-                       wReªvCji (Avt) gvag| GB welqwU m~iv evKvivi 97 bs AvqvZ cwivi Ki ewYZ nqQ|

3-                       c`vi Avovj _K A_ev aŸwb mwói gvag| hgbfve Avjvn ZvÕqvjv Zzi cvnvo gymvi (Avt) mv_ K_v ejwQjb t

- Ges Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv gymvi (Avt) mv_ K_v ejjb[70]|

Ges m~iv Z¡v-nvi 11, 12 bs AvqvZ gvZveK nhiZ gymv (Avt) Avbi ga Avjvn&i AvIqvR bZ cqwQjb, hgb co _vwK t

-  .............

- hLb (gymv) Avbi KvQ Mj, ZLb AvIqvR `qv nqwQj h, n gymv! Avwg Zvgvi ciIqviw`Mvi|

GB wZb aibi Inx, m~iv ivi 51 bs AvqvZ DjL Kiv nqQ| myZivs Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv b A_ev Kvb vb aŸwb mwó Ki _vKb| Avi Zuvi bexMY Zv b _vKb| Avi GUv nQ GK aibi Inx cÖZveZbi gvag|

kªvZvMY t gv Kieb| Avgvi avibv wQj h, Inx aygvÎ GK cšvq cÖixZ nq _vK| Avi Zv nQ aygvÎ wReªvCji (Avt) gvag| wKš Avcbvi eYbv b welqwU eySZ cvijvg| Avi GUvI eySZ cvijvg h, Avjxi (Avt) ghv`v KZ DP| KviY Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv Zuvi bexi DPvwiZ evKwUKB Avjxi (Avt) evcvi   ejQb t

....................

- mycq nvK Ges Zwßfi Zv cvb Ki ................

wKš Avgvi GKwU cÖk nQ h, KviAvb eZxZ Ab welq bexi (mvt) Dci Avjvn& Inx bvwhj nZ wK?!

ev t nuv, bexi (mvt) Dci KviAvb QvovI Aviv wewfb welq Avjvn&i Inx bvwhj nZ| wZwb Bmjvgi Rb hZ KvRB KiQb Avjvn& ZvÕqvjvi Inx eZxZ bq| Kbbv m~iv bvRgi 2 I 3 bs AvqvZ Avgiv co _vKev t

- bex (mvt) KLbv nvIqvq bdmi _K K_v ejb bv| hv wKQy wbq GmQ Zv Inx e Ab wKQyB bq hv Zvi Dci Inx Kiv nqwQj|

 


 

92- Avjvn&K `Lvi evcvi GK Avjg I GK QvÎi ga gybvwhivt

gymwjg RbZvi DcwwZZ GK Avjg I GK QvÎi ga Ávb-weÁZvi AvjvK wbgv gybvwhiv msNwUZ nq t

QvÎ t Avgvi cweÎ KviAvbi wewfb vb co _vwK h, hgb t m~iv AvÕivdi 143 bs AvqvZ gymv (Avt) Avjvn&K    ejjb t

- n Avjvn&! ZvgvK Avgvq `LvI hvZ Ki Avwg ZvgvK `LZ cvwi|

wKš Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv Gi DËi ejb t

- AvgvK KLbv `LZ cve bv|

Avgvi cÖk nQ GLvb h, Avjvn&i cweÎ mËvi Zv Kvb kixi bB ev Kvb vb `Lj Kib bv ev ZvK `Lv hve bv| wKš nhiZ gymv (Avt) Zuvi GKRb Djyj Avhg bex nIqvi mZ¡I wKfve Gic `vex Kib? wbtm`n GKRb mvaviY gvbyli KvQ _KI G aibi cÖk AcQ`bxq|

Avjg t nhiZ gymv (Avt) nqZv ZvK Aši Pz w`q `Lvi `vex RvwbqQb, evwnK Pz w`q bq| wZwb Zvi GB `vexi gvag GUv PqQb h, Zvi AvZvi I wPšvi GKwU cwic~Y ` (AvavwZK cwic~YZv) AwRZ nvK| A_vr n Avjvn& AvgvK Ggb Ki `vI h, Avgvi Aši hb cwic~Y wekvm nvwmj KviZ cvi| Avi GgbUvB h, ZvgvK `LwQ[71]|

Avi GB aibi Î (`Lv) kãwU eenvi nq _vK| D`vniY ^ic t Avwg Avgvi ga Ggb kwK `LZ cvB h, H KvRwU AvÄvg w`Z cviev| wKš kw ev gZv Zv KLvbv `Lv hvq bv eis Zv ejvi A_ nQ Zv Abyfe KiZ cviQ|

QvÎ t Ggb Zdwmi AvqvZi evwnK ici wecixZ| Kbbv evwnKfve AvqvZ () kãwU eenvi Kiv nqQ| A_vr Zzwg wbRK Avgvq `LvI| GLvb `Lvi welqwU kvixwiK Pzi gvag cÖKvk cqQ| Avi ZLb Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv ejQb   AvgvK KLbvB `LZ cve bv| G _K eySv hvq h, gymvi (Avt) `vexUv wQj GB kvixwiK Pzi gvag ZvK `LZ cvIqv| Avi Zvi `vexi A_ hw` Zvi AvZvi I wPšvi GKwU cwic~Y ` (AvavwZK cwic~YZv) AwRb nq _vK Ze mÎ Avjvn&i DËi bv-myPK nZ cvi bv|

Avjg t hw` ai bB h, gymv (Avt) Avjvn& cweÎ mËvK `Lvi `vex KiwQj| hv AvqvZi evwnK ic _K eySv hvq| wKš hw` BwZnvm GB NUbvi cÖwZ `wócvZ Kwi Ze mLvb `LZ cve h, gymvi (Avt) GB `vexUv Zvi MvÎi jvK`i c _K wQj| Zvi Dci Zvi MvÎi c _K GZ Pvci mwó Kiv nqwQj h, wZwb Dcqnxb nq Zv`i K_vUv Avjvn&i KvQ cŠQ w`qwQjb|

evLv t wdiAvDb`i aŸsmi ci Ges ebx BmivCji cwiÎvY cvIqvi ci gymv (Avt) I ebx BmivCj`i ga wfb aibi NUbvi myÎcvZ nq| Zvi GKwU Ggb wQj h, ebx BmivCji GKwU `j gymvK (Avt) ejwQj h, Zviv Avjvn&K `LZ Pvq| Avi G Qvov Zviv Zuvi cÖwZ Cgvb Avbe bv| Aekl gymv (Avt) ebx BmivCji ga _K 70 RbK wbw`ó Kijb h, Zv`iK mv_ wbq Zzi cvnvo Avjvn&i KvQ Zv`i `vex cŠQ `eb|

Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv gymvi (Avt) Dci Inx cvVvjb G gg h, AvgvK KLbvB `Lv hve bv (AvÕivd t 143)| Avi Zv ebx BmivCji mvgb cÖgvY Ki w`qwQjb|

myZivs   gymv   (Avt)   Zvi   MvÎi   c  _K  Ggb `vex

RvwbqwQjb| Kbbv Zv`i c _K Zvui Dci Pvc cÖqvM Kiv nqwQj| Avi hLb Zzi cvnvo f~wgKú nq H 70 Rbi mKjB em nq wMqwQj ZLb gymv (Avt) Avjvn&i KvQ Gic dwiqv` KiwQjb t

- AvgvKI wK Zv`i gZ aŸsk Ki w`e? (AvÕivd t 155)|

evLv t Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv gymvK (Avt) ejjb t AvgvK KLbv `LZ cve bv| wKš Zzi cvnvoi w`K j Ki| hw` Zv wbRi vb cÖwZwZ _vK, Zvnj AvgvK `LZ cve| hLb Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv Zvi wbRi ZvRvwjK (b~iK) Zzi cvnvoi Dci cÖwZdwjZ Kijb ZLb gymv (Avt) em nq hwgb co wMqwQjb| Avi hLb Zvui m wdi Gjv ZLb Avjvn&K ejj t

- n Avjvn&! Zzwg Zv (`Lv _K) cvK I cweÎ| Avwg ZIev KiwQ Avi Avwg nwQ cÖ_g gyÕwgb (AvÕivd t 143)|

cvnvoi Dci Avjvn&i b~ii cÖwZdjb nQ Zuvi gZvi ewntcÖKvk| hv wQj GUvgi gZ| hvi KviY mú~Y Zzi cvnvowU aŸsm nq wMqwQj| Zvi djkÖwZZ gymv (Avt) I Zvui mv_i 70 Rb em nq wMqwQj| Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv Zvui gZv cÖKvki gvag gymvi (Avt) mvZ AvMZ`iK eySvZ PqwQjb h, Zvgiv Avjvn&i ZvRvwjK avib Kiviv gZv ivLv bv| Zvnj wKfve Avjvn&K `LZ PvI| Zvgiv KLbvB kixwiK Pzzi gvag hv nQ `ywbqvex Zv w`q mú~Y AvavwZK wKQyK `LZ cvie bv|

myZivs Avjvn&i GB ZvRvwji dj gymvi (Avt) mv_ AvMZiv Aši Pz w`q Avjvn&K `LwQj| Avi eySZ ciwQj h, kvixwiK Pzi gvag ZvK KLbvB `Lv me bq|

Avi gymvi (Avt) ZIevUvI Avjvn&K `Lvi `vexi gZB Zv`i c _K wQj| Avi mskq `yi Kivi Rb cÖqvRb wQj h, gymv (Avt) Cgvbi cÖKvk NUveb G KviY h, mv_i jvKRb hvZ eySZ cvi m KLbvB Gic Cgvbi wecixZ AnZzK `vex Rvbvb bv| wZwb aygvÎ Zv`i c _K gvag wnme `vwqZ¡ cvjb KiQb|

QvÎ t Avcbvi Dchy evLvi Rb Akl abev`| Avwg Avmj welqwU Dcjwã KiZ ciwQ| Avkv Kwi G aibi hywmZ AvjvPbv Abvb me mskqi AelvY NUve| GLvb Avgvi Aviv GKwU cÖk iqQ, Zv AvMvwg AvjvPbvq DÌvcb Kiev|

Avjg t Avi GKwU welq nQ h, mybx gvhnvei AwaKvsk gydvmwmiMY AvqvZzj Kziwmi Zdwmii Î gymvi (Avt) evcvi  Dciv welqwUK DjL Ki _vKb| hv G nQ iKg t gymv (Avt) Nygi ga ^c dik&ZvMYK cÖk Kijb h, Avgv`i Avjvn& wK Nygvb? Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv dik&ZvMYK Inx Kijb h, gymvK NygvZ w`I bv| dik&ZvMY gymvK (Avt) wZbevi Nyg _K WK Zzjjb Ges Zuvi w`K mRvM `wó iLwQjb h, m hb bv Nygvq| Avjvn&i Inx Abyhvqx cvwb fwZ `ywU evZj gymvi (Avt) nvZ `qv nj| Avi wZwb Zuvi `yB nvZ `ywU evZj ai iLwQjb| Zvici dik&ZvMY gymvK (Avt) Qo Pj Mjb| wKQy mgq bv hZB gymv (Avt) Nyg Xj cojb| Avi ZLbB GKwU evZj nvZ _K co wMq f Mj|

Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv gymvK (Avt) Inx Kijb t Avwg Avmgvb I hwgbmg~nK wbRi gZvej ai iLwQ, AZGe t

- hw` Nyg AvgvK AvKo ai Zvnj Avmgvb I hwgbmg~n aŸsm nq hve[72]|

GLvb GB cÖk DÌvwcZ nZ cvi h, gymv (Avt) dik&Zv`i wKfve Ggb cÖk KiZ cvib| Kbbv wZwb Zv Avjvn&i bex| wZwb Zv AekB Rvbb h, Avjvn& Zv kvixwiK gvbyli gZ bq Ges Zuvi NygI Avm bv|

dvLi ivRx GB cÖki DËi Gic Reve w`qQb t hw` Dciv iIqvqZK mZ ai bB Ze ejZ nq h, gymv (Avt) Zvui MvÎi bv`vb jvK`i c _K Gic cÖk KiwQjb[73]|

cwivi Ki ejZ Mj ejZ nq h, gymv (Avt) AÁ I g~L jvK`i Pvci gyL Avjvn&i KvQ GB aibi cÖk KiwQjb| hvZ Ki Avjvn& Zvui gZvej H g~L jvK`iK wn`vqZi c_ `Lvb| Avi gymvi (Avt) nvZ evZj f hvIqvi NUbvwU GKwU QvÆ evcvi njI wKš Zv mvaviY gvbylK eySvbvi Rb AZš Mfxi welq|

gymvi (Avt) MvÎi ga Ggb AbK jvKB wQj hviv G aibi AnZzK cÖk KiZv| wZwb Zv`iK wn`vqZ Kivi Rb Avjvn&i KvQ Gic aibi cÖk KiwQjb, hvZ Zviv Mvgivnx _K gyw cZ cvi|


 

93- gwnjvi `b-gvn&ii welq QvÎ I Avjgi ga AviKwU gybvwhivt

QvÎ t  Avwg AbKevi bwQ h, Bmjvg weqi mgq ekx cwigvb gwnjvi `b-gvn&i KiZ wbla KiQ| hfve bex (mvt) ejQb t

- AbzY gwnjv ZvivB hv`i `b-gvn&i AbK ekx[74]|

- Avgvi DZi ga ZviB nQ DËg gwnjv hviv DËg eenvi m^wjZ I hv`i `b-gvn&i Kg[75]|

wKš cweÎ KviAvbi `yB vb `LZ cvIqv hvq h, `b-gvn&i ekx Kivi evcvi ivq w`qQ!

Avjg t cweÎ KviAvbi Kv_vq Ggb welq DjL nqQ?

QvÎ t cÖ_gZt m~iv wbmvi 20 bs AvqvZ DjL nqQ h,

....

- hw` wbRi ¿xi vb Ab Kvb gwnjvi mv_ weq KiZ PvI Ges cÖPzi cwigvb A_ Zvi (cÖg_ ¿xi) `b-gvn&i wnme wbw`ó Ki _vKv Ze cieZxZ Zvi H cÖ`Ë A_ _K wKQy wdwiq wbI bv|

GB AvqvZ ÒwKbZviÓ kãi A_ nQ cÖPyi cwigvb ab-mú`| hv nqZv nvRvi nvRvi w`bviI nZ cvi| cweÎ KviAvb GB AvqvZ ÒwKbZviÓ kãwUi evcvi Kvb bv-evaK gše Ki wb| eis ejQ hw` Zv w`q _vKv Ze Zvi _K Zv wdwiq wbI bv| myZivs ekx `b-gvn&i `qvUv A^vfvweK wKQy bq| hw` nZ Zvnj KviAvb m evcvi wblavÁv ck KiZv|

GB  evcvi  iIqvqZ  GmQ  h, Igi  Beb LvËve Zvi

LjvdZi mgq hLb `Ljv h, gwnjv`i `b-gvn&ii cwigvb w`bi ci w`b eoB PjQ ZLb m wg^vi DV ejj t Kb `b-gvn&iK ekx KiQv| mv_ mv_ m wmqvix DPviY Ki ejj, hw` KD PvikZ w`invgi ekx `b-gvn&i Ki Ze H cwigvbi AwZwi w`invg wbq bqv ne Ges ZvK eÎvNvZ Kiv ne| Avi H AwZwi A_ evBZzj gvji Ask wnme wbw`ó Kiv ne| GKRb gwnjv Zvi wg^vii cvk _K ej DVjv h, Zzwg PvikZ w`invgi ekx `b-gvn&i KiZ wbla KiQv? Ges AwZwi A_ wbq be ZvB ejQv?

Igi ejj t nuv|

gwnjv t Zzwg wK GB AvqvZwU cowb, hLvb Avjvn& ejQb t

- hLbB Kvb gwnjvK `b-gvn&i eve` ekx cwigvb A_ cÖ`vb Kie Zv _K wKQy wdwiq wbI bv| eis mú~YUvB ZvK w`q w`e|

Igi GB K_vK mZ ej MÖnY Kijv Ges ejj t

- mg gvbyl- GgbwK gwnjviv chš c`vi Avovj _KI Igii _K ekx Ávbx [76]|

Avjg t GB AvqvZi kvb byRyj nQ Gic t Bmjvg c~e hyM A_vr RvnwjqvZi hyM wbqg wQj h, KD hLb wbRi cÖ_g ¿xK ZvjvK w`q Ab gwnjvi mv_ weq KiZ PvBZv, ZLb c~ei ¿xK h `b-gvn&i w`qwQj Zv wdwiq `qvi Rb Pvc mwó Kiv| Avi cÖ_g ¿xi KvQ _K Zv MÖnY Ki wØZxq ¿xK `b-gvn&i wnme cÖ`vb Kiv|

GB AvqvZ GB AgvbywlK KvRi mv_ `viYfve weivaxZv Ki Zvi wecixZ Ggb ejQ h, hw` cÖPzi cwigvb `b-gvn&i wbw`ó Ki _vKv Ze Zvi _K wKQy wdwiq wbI bv| Bmjvgi `wóZ hv wKQy gvbyli Rb DËg ZvB wbaviY Kiv nqQ| Avi GUv Zv LyeB fvj wRwbl h, `b-gvn&i ekx bv nIqv| Ze hw` KD `b-gvn&iK ekx cwigvb wbaviY Ki _vK Ze cieZxZ Zvi ¿xi webv AbygwZZ GK Pzj cwigvbI Kg KiZ cvie bv| myZivs D AvqvZwU `b-gvn&i Kg nIqvi mv_ Kvb cÖKvi weivaxZv ivL bv|

Avi Igii NUbvwU Ges H gwnjvi Reve `vbi welqwUi evcvi AekB ejZ nq h, H gwnjvi RevewU hv_vhvM wQj| Kbbv Igi ejwQj t weq nq hvIqvi ci Kviv `b-gvn&i hw` PvikZ w`invgi ekx nq Ze AwZwi A_ wbq wbe Ges Zv evBZzj gvji Ask wnme vb w`e| Z`ªc H gwnjvI nvmZ nvmZ D AvqvZwU DjL KiQ h, weq nq hvIqvi ci Zvgvi Zv bqvi AwaKvi bB| mÎ IgiI Zv gb wbZ eva nqQ|

djvdj t Bmjvg `b-gvn&i wbw`ó Kivi Î Zv Kg nIqvi evcvi gymZvnve wb`k w`qQ| A_vr Zv AvÄvg w`j fvj| wKš bv w`j ZvZ Kvb Mvbvn& bB| Avi hw` KD `b-gvn&ii cwigvb ekx Ki _vK Ze ci hb Zv Kwgq bv `q|

QvÎ t Avcbvi GB gyjevb evLvi Rb wekl abev`| GLb AvgvK hw` Avcwb AbygwZ `b Ze wØZxq welqwUi evcvi cÖk Kiev|

Avjg t nuv, ej|

QvÎ t cweÎ KviAvb nhiZ gymv (Avt) I nhiZ kvÕqei (Avt) NUbv eYbvq GmQ h, hLb nhiZ gymv (Avt) wdiAvDb`i Avgbi fq wgki _K cvwjq gv`vBb kni nhiZ kvÕqei (Avt) evoxZ Avkªq wbqwQj ZLb nhiZ kvÕqe (Avt) nhiZ gymvK (Avt) ejwQjb t

-Avwg PvB h, Avgvi `y&B Kbvi ga GKRbi mv_ Zvgvi weq w`Z| Ze kZ nQ h, Zzwg AvU eQi Avgvi Rb KvR Kie| Avi hw` `k eQi KvR Ki Ze Zv ne Zvgvi c _K Avgvi Dci fvjevmv| Avwg PvB bv h, Zvgvi Dci Kvb fvix KvR PvcvZ| Bb&kvAvjvn& AvgvK GKRb fvj gvbyl wnme `LZ cve (Kvmvm t 27)|

gymv (Avt) kvÕqei (Avt) cÖveK MÖnY Kijb|

G _K GUv cwivi eySv hvq h, `yBRb bex GB fvix `b-gvn&i Keyj KiQb| Avi KviAvb Zvi wecixZ wKQy bv ej ev Zvi cÖwZ bv-evaK Kvb K_v DPviY bv KiB Zv eYbv KiQ| AZGe GUv úó h, KviAvb fvix ev ekx cwigvb `b-gvn&i wbaviY Kivi c|

Avjg t gymvi (Avt) mv_ kvÕqei (Avt) Kbvi weqUv Kvb mvaviY evcvi bq| GUv wQj GKwU f~wgKv gvÎ| DÏk wQj GB h, wZwb GB weqi KviY kZ mvc AvU eQi e cxi Kvgj kvÕqei (Avt) KvQ Aevb Ki mLvb _K Ávb I cwic~YZv ARb Kieb| Avi GB KviYB `b-gvn&i eve` ZvK AvU eQi KvRi kZ `qv nqwQj| wKš Ab w`K kvÕqeB (Avt) gymvi (Avt) I Zuvi ¿xi Rxeb cwiPvjbvi LiP enb KiwQj| ZvB Avgviv hw` gymvi (Avt) KvRi cvwikªwgK _K Zuvi Rxeb cwiPvjbvi LiPK ev` `B Ze Ggb Kvb cwigvb A_ Aewkó _vKe bv| Avi Zv `b-gvn&ii Î Kvb ekx cwigvb bq| myZivs evwnKfve `LZ cvIqv ekx cwigvb `b-gvn&i wQj gymvi (Avt) cÖv_wgK Rxebi f~wgKv ^ic| hv wZwb Zuvi Kbvi AbygwZZB Hic wmvš MÖnY KiwQj| Avi kvÕqe (Avt) Gi gvag PqwQjb h, gymvK (Avt) feNyii gZ Nyi eovbv _K bvRvZ w`eb| ZvB wZwb Gic GKwU KwVb kZi gvag G KvR KiwQjb| G Qvov gymvi (Avt) evcvi Zvui Avi Ab Kvb cwiKíbvI wQj bv| hgb wZwb cÖ_gB ejQb t

...................................

- ZvgvK Kvb KwVb KvR `qvi BQv Avgvi bB ..........|

GgbI Zv nZ cvi h, Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv gymvi (Avt) evcvi kvÕqeK (Avt) Gic wmvš wbZ ejwQjb|

QvÎ t Avcbvi hywc~Y AvjvPbvi Rb AbK abev`| kvÕqe (Avt) Lye wPšv-fvebv KiB Gic KvR Ki gymvK (Avt) mvnvh KiwQjb|

 


 

94- gyqvÕweqvi Dci jvbZ Kiv Rvqh wKbv m evcvi gybvwhivt

wewkó gvRv gig AvqvZzjvn& Avj DÕhgv mvBq` Avãyjvn& wmivhx ejbt Bivbi Lvivmvb cÖ`ki ZzievZ Rvg GjvKvi cÖvq 20 Rb n KiZ GmwQj| Zviv wQj mybx gvhnve Abymvix| g`xbvq mvdv evMvb Avgiv GK m Aeb KiwQjvg| GgZvevq Bmdvnvb cÖ`ki Aviv wKQy jvK ni DÏk mLvb GKwÎZ nj|

hLvb Avgiv wQjvg mLvb Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) Rb Avhv`vixi eev Kivi wPšv Kijvg| KviY Aviv AwZ wbKUB wQj| Abvb`i mv_ K_v ejjvg Zviv mKjB mwZ w`jv| mKji mvwZg Avgiv Abyvbi AvqvRb Kijvg|

g`xbvi mybx gvhnvei wKQy wewkó ewKI mLvb `vIqvZ Kiv nj| Zv`i mv_ Avgvi Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) wewfb dvhvqj (dwhjZ) I gvbvwKe (RxebeËvš) wbq AvjvPbv nj| Zviv Avgvi me K_vB gb wbj Ges Zviv wbRiv Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) evcvi bexi (mvt) DׄwZ w`q nv`xm DjL Kijv h, bex (mvt) AvjxK (Avt) ejQb t

- Zvgvi kixii gvsm nQ Avgvi gvsm, Avi Zvgvi kixii i nQ Avgvi i|

Ges Aviv Abvb iIqvqZ DjL Kijv h, Avjxi (Avt)

eÜz nQ bexi (mvt) eÜy Ges Zuvi kÎ nQ bexi (mvt) kÎ, bexi (mvt) kÎ nQ Avjvn&i kÎ| BZvw` ..........................|

AvjvPbv KiZ KiZ gyqvÕweqvi Dci jvbZ Kivi welq cŠQ Mjvg| Zviv ejj t gyqvÕweqvi Dci jvbZ Kiv Rvqh bq, wKš Bqvwh`i Dci jvbZ Kiv nQ Rvqh| Kbbv m Bgvg mvBbK (Avt) nZv KiQ|

ejjvg t  Zvgv`i  gvhnvei  `wóKvY Zv gyqvÕweqvi Dci

jvbZ Kiv Rvqh| Kbbv Zvi Dci jvbZ Kivi KviYwU Zvgiv GKUz AvMB DjL KiQv h, bex (mvt) Avjxi evcvi ejQb t

- Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv Avjxi (Avt) kÎK kÎ gb Kib[77]|

GUv Zv úó h, gyqvÕweqv Avjxi (mvt) kÎZv cvlY KiZv Ges Rxebi kl eqm chš Zuvi mv_ kÎZv KiQ| Avi G KvRi Rb ZIevI Ki wb| Avjxi (Avt) múK evR K_v ejZ w`aveva KiZv bv|

myZivs hnZz bex (mvt) Avjxi (Avt) kÎi Dci jvbZ KiQb[78], mnZz gyqvÕweqv wQj Avjxi (Avt) cÖavb kÎ ZvB Zvi Dci jvbZ Kiv Rvqh[79]|

GLvb welqwU cwivi nIqvi Rb DjL Kiv cÖqvRb h, Avn&j mybvZi wbf~j `wjji wfwËZ ivm~j Lv`v (mvt) ^qs gyqvÕweqv, Avey mywdqvb I Bqvwh`i Dci jvbZ KiQb| GgbwK ejQb h, hLb gyqvÕweqvK wg^vii Dci `Le ZLb ZvK nZv Kie[80]|

myZivs hw`I ejv nq _vK h, gyqvÕweqv BRwZnv`i wfwËZ Avjxi (Avt) mv_ kÎZv KiQ| ZvB Gi DËi ejZ nq t bexi (mvt) K_vi wecixZ BRwZnv` Kiv KLbvB Rvhq bq| Avi wZwb gyqvÕweqvi `yó PwiÎ múK AeMZ wQjb| ZvB wZwb Zvi Dci jvbZ KiQb| GgbwK mybx gvhnvei `wjj Abyhvqx bex (mvt) GKw`b  gyqvÕweqv I  AvÕgi AvÕmi evcvi Gic jvbZ KiwQjb t

Avjvn& gyqvÕweqv I AvÕgi AvÕmK `vRLi Avb wbc Ki[81]|

mybx gvhnvei KvQ MÖnYhvM AbK mvnvevB gyqvÕweqvi evcvi ek evR K_vI ejQb| (GB welqwUi evLv Avj Mv`xi bvgK MÖši 10 bs LÊ 139 _K 177 bs cvq ewYZ nqQ|

 

 

 

 



 

95- Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) Rb `bi evcvi ev I kªvZvi ga gybvwhivt

GKRb weÁ ev wg^vi DV ee `qvi mgq mvBq`yk nv`v Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) Rb `bi QIqve iqQ G gg AbK iIqvqZ Zzj ai ejj, ivm~j AvKivg ejQb t

- wKqvgvZi w`b mg Pzjv `biZ Aevq _vKe aygvÎ h Pzjv Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) gywmeZ Ku`Q mjv eZxZ| Avi G aibi ewMY wKqvgZi w`b enk&Zx bÕqvgZ cwic~Y nq Avb` nvme[82]

ee kl H evi mv_ GKRb kªvZvi wbgv gybvwhiv AbywZ nq t

kªvZv t Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) gywmeZ Kuv`vi dj GZ cyivi `vbi KviY wK?

(hw`I Bgvg mvBb (Avt) `ywbqvq wekl mvnwmKZvi mv_ wKqvg Ki weRq ARb KiQb I DP ghv`v múb nqQb| mv_ mv_ wbRi Ges Zuvi cwievieMi cweÎ i Avjvn&i ivvq DRvo Ki Bqvwh` I Zvi jvKRb`i gyL Pzb-Kvwj gvwLq w`qQb| Avi AvwLivZ enk&ZK wbRi AvqË GbQb| eZgvb mgq wZwb Avjvg evihvLi DP vb Aevb KiQb Ges Avjvn&i bÕqvgZ DcfvM KiQb| Bmjvgx `wóKvY Avmj wZwb BšvKvj Kib wb| Kbbv cweÎ KviAvb m~iv Avj Bgvivbi 169 bs AvqvZ ejQ t

- n bex! KLbvB gb Kiv bv h, hviv Avjvn&i ivvq gZzeiY Kib Zviv  gviv  MQb  ies  Zviv RxweZ AvQb Ges Zv`i ciIqviw`Mvii

KvQ _K wiwRK cq _vK|

ev t Avgv`i KvQ cÖPzi cwigvb iIqvqZ AvQ h, gyÕwgb`iK weklfve ejv nqQ Zviv hb Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) gywmeZi Rb `b I Avhv`vix Kib| Avi `bi gvagB hb Bgvg mvBbK (Avt) RxweZ ivLb| wkqv I mybx Dfq gvhnveB GB iIqvqZ DjwLZ AvQ h, hLb wKqvgZi w`b Avme ZLb nhiZ dvwZgv hvn&iv (mvjvt) Avjvn&i `ievi Gic Ave`b  Rvbveb t

()

- n Avjvn&! h ew Avgvi mšvb mvBbi Rb `b KiQ Zvi evcvi Avgvi kvdvÕqvZ MÖnY Ki|

 

Ges GB iIqvqZi ci GmQ h t

()

- Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv nhiZ dvwZgv hvn&ivi (mvjvt) kvdvqvÕZK Keyj Ki wbeb Ges Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) gywmeZ hviv `b KiQ Zviv enk&Z cÖek Kie[83]|

 

wewfb iIqvqiZ Abyhvqx bexMY, nhiZ gynv` (mvt) Ges Avn&j evBZi mKj BgvgMY (Avt), Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) gywmeZ `b I Avhv`vix KiQb| hw` Avgiv Avjvn&i Awj-AvDwjqvMYK AbymiY Ki Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) Rb `b Kwi Ze ZvZ mgmv Kv_vq? Avgv`i `wóZ ZvZ Kvb mgmv Zv b-B eis GB mybZK RxweZ ivLvi KviY bex (mvt) I Abvb BgvgMYi (Avt) KvQ wcÖq Ges cyiZ nIqvUvB evÂbxq|

BgvgMY (Avt) Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) gywmeZi evcvi `b Kivi evcvi wekl iZ¡vivc KiQb, m w`K j iL GLvb

`ywU wekl aibi HwZnvwmK welq Zzj aivi Póv Kiev t

1-                       GKw`b Bgvg mvv` (Avt) bZ cjb h, evRvi GKRb ew GB ej wPrKvi w`Q t n gvbe mKj! Avgvi Dci `qv Ki, Avwg GK mnvq-m^jnxb jvK!  ( ) |

Bgvg mv` (Avt) evRvii w`K QyU Mjb| ZvK `L ejjb t hw` Ggb nq _vK h, Zzwg GLvbB G `ywbqv _K we`vq be Ze wK Zvgvi Rvbvhv `vdbnxb Aevq gvwUZ co _vKe?

m ejj t Avjv AvKevi! Kb Avgvi Rvbvhv `vdb Kie bv, Avwg Zv gymjgvb Ges Bmjvgi DZi gvSB AvwQ|

Bgvg mvv` (Avt) Ku` dj ejjb t

! ().

- nvq gywmeZ! GUv KZ `ytLi welq h, n Avgvi wcZv mvBb (Avt) Zzwg bexi (mvt) Kbvi mšvb nIqv mZ¡I wZb w`b Zvgvi Rvbvhv `vdbnxb Aevq gvwUi Dci co wQj[84]|

2- BwZnvm GmQ h, gvbmyi `vIqvwbwK (wØZxq AveŸvmxq Lwjdv) Zvi g`xbvi MfYii KvQ G gg wb`k cvwVqwQj h, Bgvg mvw`Ki (Avt) evoxZ Avb jvwMq `vI|

g`xbvi MfYi D wb`k cq Avb R¡vjvbvi DcKviY miÄvg KiZ ejj Ges Bgvg mvw`Ki (Avt) evoxi w`K iIbv nj| Aekl Zviv Bgvgi evoxZ Avb jvMvjv| hLb Avb mgMÖ evoxUvKB MÖvm Kijv ZLb Nii wfZi _K evoxi gwnjv`i wPrKvii aŸwb evBi _K kvbv hvwQjv| Bgvg AbK Kó H Avb wbfvZ mg nb| cii w`b Zvui KqKRb Abymvix ev fe` ZvK `LZ wMq `Ljv h, wZwb `biZ Aevq AvQb| Zviv ZvK wRÁvmv Kijv h, Avcwb wK MZKvji NUbv Ges kÎ`i GB ip AvPviYi KviY Kvu`Qb; hw`I Gic NUbv Avcbv`i bexi (mvt) Avn&j evBZi cwievii mv_ GB cÖ_g evi bq?

Bgvg mvw`K (Avt) ejjb t bv, Avwg MZKvji NUbvi Rb Kvu`wQ bv| eis Avgvi Kuv`vi KviY nQ h, MZKvj evoxZ Avb jvMvi ci Avwg Avgvi cwievii jvKRbK evPvbvi Rb GNi _K INi `ŠovwQjvg hvZ Ki Avb hb Zv`iK Kvb wZ KiZ bv cvi| Avwg mLvb DcwZ wQjvg, nUvr

- Avivi w`b Avgvi c~e cyil Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) cwievii jvKRbi AZwZ g~n~Zjvi K_v, hLb kÎiv Zv`I Dci nvgjv KiwQj Ges kÎiv wPrKvi w`q ejwQj hvjg`i evox Ni Avb jvMvI, Avgvi iY co Mj[85]|

DcivwjL `ywU NUbv Ges Aviv bv ejv NUbv iq MQ hv _K GUv cwivi eySv hvq h, BgvgMY (Avt) PqwQjb cÖwZwU mgq Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) `q we`viK Kvievjvi BwZnvmK RxweZ ivLZ Ges `qevb gvbyli e_xZ Ašimg~nK GKwÎZ KiZ| myZivs Avgiv bex (mvt) I BgvgMYK (Avt) AbymiYi gvag Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) e`bvgq Kvivevjvi BwZnvmK RxweZ ivLev| Avi G KvRi Rb AvwLivZ Avgv`iK h, eo cyivi cyiZ Kiv ne ZvZ Kvb m`n bB|

Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) gywmeZ `b Kiv ev fveveM AvcyZ nIqv h KZ cweÎ I ghv`vi evcvi hv Bgvg hvgvb (Avt) Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) cÖwZ `yi` cvV Ki ejb t

- mvjvg Zv`i Dci hviv Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) gywmeZ `biZ nq[86]|

kªvZv t GB welqi cÖwZ Avcbvi mygayi evLv `vbi Rb wekl abev`| AekB Avgiv AvDwjqv I BgvgMYK (Avt) Avgv`i Rxebi Av`k wnme MÖnY Kiev| wKš Avgvi K_v nQ h, Bmjvgi mg wb`kB Kvb bv Kvb gji w`K `wó iLB `qv nqQ Ges Zv AekB GKwU DÏkK mvgb iL wb`wkZ nqQ| KZB bv fvj nq h, Avgiv mjvi cÖwZ wekl cwiwPwZ wbq Zv AvÄvg `ev| Avi ZvB GLvb GKwU cÖk DÌvcb KiZ PvB h, GB `bi cÖKZ `kb wK?

ev t Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) gywmeZ `b Kivi `kbi evcvi wbgv welqjv AvjvPbv Kiv hZ cvi t

1-                       mvb cÖ`kb t gZ gyÕwgb ewi Rb `b Kiv Zvi cÖwZ GK aibi mvb cÖ`kb Kiv| Avi ZvZ GUvB eySvq h, mgvR Zvi vbwU Lvwj iq MQ| m Avi eP bB h, gvbyl Zvi _K DcKZ nZ cvie| `b nQ Ašii GK wbo cÖiYv ev fvjevmv hv `qi mv_ GKvKvi nq _vK| Zv GUvB cÖgvYen h, Zvi DcwwZUv mgvRi wewfb Îi Rb wQj eiKZ I ingZ ^ic| Avi GUv Zv GKwU cÖKwZMZ evcvi h, gvbyl hZB eo ne `b Zvi Rb Aviv ekx Mfxi A_en ne|

Kvb ew hw` GB `ywbqv _K we`vq bq Ges Zvi Rb KD `b bv Ki Ze GUv wK Zvi cÖwZ Amvb nj bv?

GKRb Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) KvQ wRÁvmv Kijv t DËg bwZK PwiÎ wK?

wZwb Reve ejjb t

- gvbyli mv_ Ggbfve Pjv-div Kie h, Zvgvi RxweZ _vKv Aevq Zviv hb Zvgvi cÖwZ AvKwlZ nq Ges Zvgvi BšKvji ci Zviv hb Zvgvi Rb `b Ki[87]|

Avi cÖwZwU mvgvRiB ixwZbxwZ nQ h, Kvb wewkó ew BšKvj Kij Zvi Rb `b Kiv Ges Zvi cwievii jvKRbK mngwgZv `Lvbv| Avi Bgvg mvBb (Avt) I Zuvi mx-mv_xMYi kvnv`ZeiY KivUv Zv wQj ØxbK wUwKq ivLvi Rb Ges Zv nQ weki me kªó ZvM| ZvB Zuvi Rb `b Kivi A_ nQ Zvi cÖwZ wekl mvb cÖ`kb Kiv Ges Øxbi vMvb| hgb cweÎ KviAvb ejQ t

- h KD Lv`vqB vMbi cÖwZ mvb cÖ`kb Kie Zv nQ Aši ZvKIqv _vKvi bgybv ^ic (nv t 32)|

 

2-         fvjevmvi `b t  GK  w`bi KqK NUvi gaB 

    ﮋ KÉ,  wRnŸv I VvU wbq Bgvg mvBb (Avt) I 

    Zuvi mx-mv_x`i  kvnv`Zi  `q we`viK NUbvi 

    cÖKZ  gvbyli  Aši  e_v-e`bvq cyo Kqjv nq

hvIqv Ges AZvPvixi mB wb`viY AZvPvii   wei iL `vovbvi GK HkxK kw mÂvixZ nq _vK| Avi wbtm`n Kvievjvi mB `q we`viK NUbv GZB Mfxi I e`bv  `vqK  h, Zv  KLbvB cyivZb  nq hve bv Ges Zv KLbvB fyj hvevi bq|

D`vniY ^ic t nhiZ Cmvi (Avt) kÎiv Zv`i  (Lóvb`i) wekvm gZ ZvK zk we Ki nZv KiQ| GLb mviv wek me ÎB hw` j Kwi Ze `LZ cve h, Lóvbiv zm wPýwUK Cmvi (Avt) mvb Mjvq Szwjq ivL Avi Zv cÖwZwU vb (Keii cv_iii Dci Ges Aviv wewfb vb) vcb Ki _vK| hw`I Cmv (Avt) nZv nIqvi NUbvwU (hv Zviv ej _vK) mvBq`yk nv`v Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) kvnv`Zi NUbvi _KI AbK z`ª cwilii| myZivs Zuvi Rb Avhv`vix Ges `b Kivi gvag Zuvi H cweÎ wKqvgi mv_ Avgv`i GKwU múK vcb nq _vK|

GKRb wkKi K_v Abyhvqx t Kvb wKQy eqvb Kivi gvag nQ AvK¡j wKš fvjevmv eqvbi gvag nQ PvL| hLbB fveveM Avc~Z nq Kviv `ytL PvLi cvwb Sie ZLbB fvjevmv mLvb DcwZ ne| wKš hLb Kvb hywmZ K_v eqvb Kiv ne AvK¡j mLvb DcwZ ne|

myZivs hywmZ eqvb hgb evi DÏk I jK cÖKvk Ki _vK Z`ªc PvLi cvwbi gvagI kÎi wec I fvjevmvi c hy Kiv hZ cvi[88]|

KLbvB kÎi gyKvwejvq DÏk nvwmji Î Ges Zv`i aŸsmi Rb `q m^wjZ welqvw`K fyj hvIqv wVK ne bv| Kbbv kqZvbx kwi KviYB Af~_vbi P N~wYZ nq _vK|

3- `b nQ Abygv`b `qv t Bgvg mvBbi  gywmeZ `bi Aviv GKwU A_ nQ Zuvi m cweÎ wKqvgK Abygvw`Z Kiv| Avi kÎi wec mevP gvÎvq weØl cÖKvk Kiv Ges Gi A_  nQ Zzwg Avgv`i Aši I fvjevmvq m`v-me`v Aevb KiQv n mvBb (Avt)! hgb ejv nq _vK h, (Avgv`i Aši Kei Zzwg gZ `n wbq RxweZ AvQ, Zzwg Zv Avgv`i `q, Avi cÖKZ c Zzwg Zv Avgv`i Aši KzwVi iqQv)| GB nQ Avgv`i wkqv`i cÖwZwU mgqi I cÖwZwU vbi K_v hv wZbwU fvM wef t

K)- Avgv`i Aši Bgvg mvBb (Avt) hvi Rb wbnZ nqQb mB mªóvi cÖwZ `p Cgvb avib Ki|

L)- Avgv`i KY me`v ZuviB ee kªeY Ki _vK|

M)- Avi Avgv`i `biZ PvLi cvwbi Kbvjv Kvievjvq Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) wbggfve nZv nIqvi NUbvK cybivewË Ki _vK| h `b GB wZbwU weklbi wfwËZ nq _vK Zv gvbyli my cÖKwZMZ ^fve (wdZivZ) _K MnxZ| Avi ZvZ Kvb mgmv Zv b-B eis cÖPzi cwigvb dq`vI iqQ eU| hv Bgvg mvBbi mZ c_i cw_K nZ Avgv`iK h_ó mvnvh Kie|

4-                `b,  kÎi  bó  PnvivK  DvPb  Ges  GKwU

wbw`ó ee ck Ki _vK t h Kvb ewB Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) wbggfve nZv nIqvi NUbvK be Ges Rvbe h, Zuvi cwievii gwnjv I wkMY mB DËß gifywgi Dci Kviv Kvb mvnvh QvovB kÎi Avgb me wKQy nvwiqQ ZLb Zvi Aši fveveM Avc~Z Ges Bqvwh``i bó PwiÎ múK AeMZ ne| myZivs Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) Rb `b Kiv nQ Ryjygi wec jovB Kiv Ges kqZvbx kwi wei gyÕwgbMYK GKwÎZ Kiv| Avi Zv nQ GK aibi fvj KvR Dc`k Ges Lvivc KvR wbla Kiv| AZGe hLbB `bi gvag kÎi bó PnvivK DvPb Ges GKwU wbw`ó ee (Gjvnx DÏk) ck Kiv ne ZLbB Zv ne Øxb cÖwZvi Π kÎ I Ryjygi aŸsmi evcvi GK DËg c`c|

mswß K_v nQ t `b nQ KqK cÖKvii| hgb t Avjvn& fq `b Kiv, ev_v-e`vbvq `b Kiv, fvjevmvi `b Ges GKwU wbw`ó ee ck Kivi `b .........................| Avi hw` GB `bmg~n _K Zvi mwVK ee D`NvUb Kiv hvq Ze AbK cQ`i I Dchy ne| nuv, GK aibi `b AvQ hv nQ f covi `b hv (whjvZ) Acgvbi KviY nq _vK| G aibi `b aygvÎ Amnvq ewivB Ki _vK Ges Avjvn&i AvDwjqMY KLbvB G aibi `b Kib wb|

myZivs Avhv`vix ev `bi `ywU w`K iqQ| GKwU nQ mvb RbK Ges AciwU nQ Acgvb RbK| Avgiv Acgvb RbK `bK cwinvi Ki mvb RbK `bK MÖnY Ki _vwK| Kbbv ZvZ AbK dq`v iqQ| hgb Zv nQ fvj KvRi Dc`k `vb Ges Lvivc KvR wbla Kivi GKwU DËg cšv Ges AZvPvi I Ryjygi wei wRnv` Kivi mggvb|

kªvZv t Avcbvi AvjvPbvi Rb wekl abev`| Zv AvgvK mwVK wPšvq cŠQvZ mvnvh KiQ|

ev t GLvb Aviv GKUv K_v ejZ PvB h, Bmjvgi AbK c`ci mv_ ivRbxwZi múKI iqQ| Avi Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) gywmeZ Avhv`vix ev `b Kiv nQ ZviB GKwU Ask| hv Avgiv c~e 81 bs gybvwhivZ DjL KiwQ| BgvgMY (Avt) Avhv`vixi gvag mZK evwZji _K Avjv`v Ges AmPbZ gvbylK mPZb KiZ PqwQjb| mv_ mv_ GUvI PqwQjb h, Gi gvagB AvivK RxweZ ivLZ| hgb Bgvg Kvwhg (Avt) ejQb t Bgvg mvv`i (Avt) AvswUZ jLv wQj h,

- Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) nZvKvix aŸsm nq MQ [89]|

GUv Zv fvebvi welq h, Bgvg mvv` Kb Zuvi AvswUZ GB evKwU jLvi AbygwZ w`qwQjb?

DËi ejZ nq h, wZwb PqwQjb GB jLvi gvag Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) Kviejv cÖši wbggfve wbnZ nIqvi NUbvwU hb KD fyj bv hvq Gi ekx wKQy bq| Kbbv gvbyl hLb Zuvi KvQ Avme ZLb H AvswUi jLvi Dci Zv`i `wó coe ZLb DgvBqv`i Ryjygi NUbvK Zv`i iY Avbe|

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

96- bex (mvt) h me kl bex m evcvi gybvwhivt

c~e K_v t Bmjvgi me _K iZ¡c~Y K_v nQ h, bex (mvt) nQb Øxbi me kl bex| Zvui ci Avi Kvb bex Avme bv Ges Zuvi AvwbZ kixqZB wKqvgZ chš wUK _vKe| GB welqi Dci cweÎ KviAvb cÖPzi AvqvZI GmQ| hgb t m~iv Avn&hvei 40 bs AvqvZ, m~iv dzivKvbi 1bs AvqvZ, m~iv dzm&wmjvZi 41, 42 bs AvqvZ, m~iv AvbqvÕgi 19 bs AvqvZ Ges Aviv Abvb m~ivZ|

G evcvi iIqvqZ GmQ cÖPzi cwigvb| wKš GZ me `wjj _vKv mZ¡I bexi (mvt) cieZx mgq GK`j jvK GB welqwUK aŸsm Ki `qvi Rb wg_v bex Zixi KvR e nq co Ges wewfb gvhnve hgb t Kvw`qvbx, evex I evnvqxi gZ Aviv KZ gvhnvei Rb `q| GLb G chvq Avgiv gymjgvbi mv_ GK evnvqxi gybvwhiv Zzj aivi Póv Kie t

gymjgvb t Zvgiv Zv Zvgv`i wjwLZ MÖšmg~n wjLQ h, Bmjvg I KviAvbK MÖnY Ki _vK| Ze cv_K ay GZUzB h, Zvgvi K_v nQ Bmjvgi ciI Ab Øxb GmQ| G evcvi Zvgvi KvQ Avgvi cÖk nQ h, hnZz cweÎ KviAvb cÖPzi AvqvZ AvQ hv BmjvgK GKwU wekevcx I wPišb Øxb wnme DjL KiQ Ges Zv wKqvgZ chš wUK _vKe| mv_ mv_ ÒLvZvwgqvZÓ-Gi welqwU DjL Ki eywSq w`qQ h, Avi Kvb bZzb Øxb Avme bv Ges wKqvgZ chš Bmjvg eZxZ Abvb mKj Øxb nQ evwZj G cÖm Zvgvi gZvgZ wK?

evnvqx t KviAvbi Kvb AvqvZ ejv nqQ h, bex (mvt) nQb me kl bex ?

gymjgvb t m~iv Avn&hvei 40 bs AvqvZ ejv nqQ t

- gynv` (mvt) Zvgv`i Kviv wcZv bb, eis wZwb nQb Avjvn&i bexMYi mekl bex; Avi Avjvn& mKj wKQyi evcvi Ávb ivLb|

ÒLvZvgvbvexBbÓ evKwU cwivifve ejQ h, bex (mvt) nQb me kl bex|

Kbbv ÒLvZvgÓ kãwUi KqKwU A_ ejv nqQ| Ze GLvb Zvi A_ nQ mgvßKvix| myZivs GB AvqvZi `wóZ bex (mvt) nQb me kl bex ev Abvb bexMYi KvRi cwimgvßKvix| Avi Zvui ci Avi Kvb Øxb ev kixqZ Avme bv|

evnvqx t ÒLvZvgÓ Gi A_ nQ AvswU| hv Avyji mŠ`h ew Ki| myZivs GB AvqvZ GUvB ejv nqQ h, bex (mvt) Abvb bexMYi mŠ`h ^ic|

gymjgvb t ÒLvZvgÓ kãwUi meRb wewaZ A_ nQ HwUB hv Avwg AvM ejwQ| Avi ÒLvZvgÓ kãwUK gvbyli mŠ`h ewi evcvi Kv_vI eenvi Kiv nq wb Ges Awfavb Avgvi ejv A_wUiB DjL AvQ| ZvB GLvb Kvb cÖkB DV bv h, ÒLvZvgÓ kãi cÖKZ A_ iL Ab Kvb A_i w`K nvZ evovev| GLvb KqKwU Awfavb ÒLvZvgÓ kãi A_ Zzj aiv nj t

wdihvev`x ÒKvgym AvjjvMvn&Ó -Z wjLQb h, ÒLvZvgÓ kãwUi A_ nQ wmj-gvn&i Kiv Ges ÒLvZvgvm mvBÓ-Gi A_ nQ Zvi kl chvq cŠwQqQ|

RvIqvnxwi Zvi Òmvnvn&Ó Awfavb wjLQ h, ÒLvZvgvm mvBÓ-Gi A_ nQ Zvi kl chvq cŠwQqQ|

Avey gvbhyi Zvi Òwjmvbyj AviveÓ Awfavb wjLQ h,      ÒLvZvgyj KvDgÓ-Gi A_ nQ Kvb MvÎi me kl ew|

ivwMe Zvi gydiv`vZ wjLQ h, ÒLvZvgybvexBbÓ kãi A_ nQ bexi (mvt) `ywbqvq Avmvi gvag beyIqvZi avivK mgvß KiQb ev beyIqvZi avivK eÜ KiQb[90]|

djvdj t ÒLvZvgÓ kãi Î mŠ`h A_ eenvi Kij Zv

Awfavbi A_i mv_ weiva cvlY Kie|  Avi Zv eenvii c

Kvb `wjjI bB|

evnvqx t ÒLvZvgÓ kãwUi A_ nQ wPwVi Lvgi Dci gvn&ivwZ Kiv hv mZvqYi KvR Ki _vK| ZvB bexI (mvt) Abvb bexMYi KvRi mZvqYKvix|

gymjgvb t Dcii AvjvPbvZ cwivi nq MQ h, ÒLvZvgÓ kãi A_ nQ mgvßKvix| Avi Zv _K mZvqY A_wU KLbvB eySv hvq bv| hnZz m evcvi Kvb `wjjI bB ZvB Avgiv Gi cÖKZ A_ _K mi Avmvi Kvb KviYI LyR cvB bv| Avi ÒLvZvgÓ kãi A_ h, Zzwg ejQv gvn&ivwZ Kivi A_I GUvB eySvq h, mgvwß|

evnvqx t AvqvZ ejv nqQ h, bex (mvt) nQb ÒLvZvgybvexBbÓ A_vr bexMYi me kl bex| mLvb Zv ejv nq wb h, ÒLvZvgyj gyimvjxbÓ A_vr ivm~jMYi me kl ivm~j| myZivs Zvui ci ivm~j Avmvi c_ Zv Avi eÜ nq hvq wb!!

gymjgvb t hw`I cweÎ KviAvb bex I ivm~ji ga wKQyUv cv_K we`gvb| D`viniY ^ic t Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv cweÎ KviAvb BmgvCjK (Avt) KLbv ivm~j ejQb Avevi KLbv bex ejQb (gviBqvg t 54)| Z`ªc nhiZ gymvK (Avt) KLbv ivm~j ejQb Avevi KLbv bex ejQb (gviBqvg t 51)| wKš GB welqwU ÒLvZvgybvexBbÓ kãi mv_ Kvb múKB vcb Ki bv| Kbbv bex nQ mB ew whwb Avjvn&i c _K cqMv^ixi `vwqZ¡ cqQb Ges Zuvi Dci Inx bvwhj nq| nqZv wZwb Zv gvbyl gvS eYbv Kivi Rb `vwqZ¡ cqI _vKZ cvib Avevi bvI cq _vKZ cvib| Ze ivm~j nQ mB ew whwb Avjvn&i c _K kixqZ Ges Avmgvbx wKZve cq _vKb Ges Zv gvbyli gvS AekB eqvb Kieb| myZivs cÖwZwU ivm~jB nQb bex, wKš cÖwZwb bexB ivm~j bb| Zvnj hw` ejv nq _vK h, bex (mvt) nQb LvZvgyj Avw^qv A_vr Zvi ci Avi Kvb bex Avme bv| Avi hw` ejv ai bB h, cÖwZwU bexB ivm~j Ze Zvui ci Avi Kvb ivm~jI Avme bv|

GB D`vniYi wfwËZ bex I ivm~ji ga wVK gvbyl I Ávbx gvbyli gaKvi múK we`gvb| hLbB ejj h, AvR evoxZ Kvb gvbyl Avm wb A_vr Ávbx gvbylI Avm wb| wKš AvjvPbvi welq  hw` GUvI ejv nZ h, ivm~j Lv`vi (mvt) ci Avi Kvb bex Avme bv, Zvi A_ nQ GUvB h, Avi Kvb ivm~jI Avme bv|

evnvqx t bex I ivm~ji ga múK nQ mú~Y wecixZ| hLvb bex AvQ mLvb ivm~j Avme bv| Avi hLvb ivm~j _vKe mLvb bex Avme bv| G `wóKvY Avgvi K_vB h mwVK Zv cÖgvwYZ nj|

gymjgvb t bex I ivm~ji ga Ggb cv_K KivUv nQ AvqvZ I iIqvqi wecixZ| Kbbv wbgv AvqvZ ejv nQ t

- gynv` (mvt) nQ Avjvn& ivm~j I bexMYi me kl bex|

Z`ªc m~iv wbmvi 171 bs AvqvZ gymvK (Avt) ivm~jI ejv nqQ Aevi bexI ejv nqQ| D AvqvZ CmvK (Avt) ivm~j wnme Ges m~iv gviBqvgi 30 bs AvqvZ ZvK bex wnme DjL Kiv nqQ| hw` GB `ywU kãi ga Kvb cÖKvi wef` _vKZv Ze Zv bex (mvt), gymv I Cmvi (Avt) ga ^fvei cv_K cwijwZ nZ|

G QvovI GB welqi cÖwZ cÖPzi cwigvb iIqvqZ iqQ| hv bexK (mvt) ÒLvZvgyj gyimvjxbÓ Ges ÒjvBmv evÕ`xqv ivm~jÓ Ges ÒLvZvg imywjn&Ó evK mvwbZ nqQb|

evnvqx t ÒLvZvgybvexBbÓ kãwU nqZv Kvb wekl bexMYi mgvwßi Î eenvwiZ nq _vKZ cvi| Avi Gic kãi eenvi

mKj bexi Rb bq|

gymjgvb t   Ggb  K_v  DjwLZ  mKj  K_vi  wecixZ  Ges

nvmKi| Kbbv KD hw` mvgvb cwigvb Aviex evKviYi Dci avibv wbq _vK Ze m mnRB eySZ cvie h, Avwjd I jvg Ai `ywU Kvb eePbi mv_ wgwjZ nj Zv mvaviY A_ cwiYZ nq hvq| Ze hw` KD G K_vi Awekvm Ki Ze Zv Avi wKQy ejvi bB| hw`I GLbv chš Ggb K_v KD ej wb| KviY Zv ejvi Kvb `wjjB bB|

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

97- Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) nZvKvix`i cwiPq múK gybvwhivt

Invex t GB h, wkqviv Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) gywmeZi evcvi Avhv`vix Ki _vK Ges Zuvi cÖwZ wekl aibi fvjevmv ivL| Zv nQ Zv`i wbR`i cvci cÖvqwðË hv Zv`i wcZvMY Ki MQ| Kbbv Zv`i wcZvivB Bgvg mvBbK (Avt) nZv KiwQj| GLb Zviv m KvRi ZIev Ki _vK| Avi Zviv ÒZvDqvwebÓ wnme wbR`i AZxZ cvc gvPbi Rb G KvR Ki _vK|

wkqv t GB wg_v Acev`wU Kvb `wjji wfwËZ w`Qv?

Invex t hviv mw`b Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) mv_ Kvivevjvq hy KiZ GmwQj Zviv kvg, wnRvR I emivi Awaevmx wQj bv eis Zviv Kzdvi Awaevmx wQj| Avi H mgq Kzdvi Awaevmxiv cÖvq mevB wkqv wQj| ZvivB Kvievjvq GmwQj| myZivs ZvivB Bgvg mvBbK (Avt) nZv KiwQj|

wkqv t cÖ_gZt hw` ai bB h, Kvb Kvb wkqv Zjvqvii fq Ges Bqvwh`i Pvci gyL Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) mv_ hyi Rb Kievjvq GmwQj| Ze GUv Zv Avi `wjj nZ cvi bv h, wkqv gvhnve Ges GB gvhnvei mKjB fyj KiwQj Ges Bqvwh`i mv_ nvZ wgwjqwQj| GUv cÖKwZMZ evcvi h, `yB `ji ga KD KD Mvgivn& nq wMqwQj| ZvB ej Zv Zv H gvhnvei mKji Mvgivn& nq hvIqv eySvq bv|

wØZxqZt GUv cwivi h, Avgv`i evcvi GUv nQ GKwU Rjš wg_v K_v|

Invex t Kb?

wkqv t h mb `jwU mw`b Kzdv _K Kvievjvq Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) mv_ hy Kivi Rb GmwQj Zviv KDB wkqv wQj bv| eis Zviv wQj LvIqvih I DgvBqv`i wgkªY MwVZ GKwU `j| Avi Zviv mKjB wQj Kvwdi| Zviv AZxZI Bgvg Avjx (At) I Bgvg nvmvbi (Avt) mv_ kÎZv KiwQj| Zv`i `ji bZviv nQ ZvivB hv`iK Bgvg Avjx (Avt) LjvdZi `vwqZ¡ cq miKvix `vwqZ¡ _K eiLv KiwQjb| m KviYB Zviv ivm~ji cwievii mv_ AvM _KB kÎZv KiZv| Avi G myhvM Beb whqv` Zv`iK fvjfve eenvi Ki wbqwQj|

Zv`i mb `j AwaKvskB wQj Abvie| A_i jvf `wLq Zv`iK Avbv nqwQj| myZivs Zv`i gvS wkqv wQj bv[91]|

evLv t Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) LjvdZi mgq KzdvZ wkqv wQj| wKš cieZxZ Bgvg kvnv`Zi ci gyqvÕweqvi LjvdZi mgq Zvi PwiÎnxb I wb`q jvKRbi fq I AZvPvi wkqviv GKi ci GK mLvb _K `yi Pj hvq| Aek Zv`i ekxi fvMB gyqvÕweqvi AZvPvix jvKi nvZ wbnZ nqwQj| Avi gyqvÕweqvi BivKi MfYi whqv` Beb Avwen&i kvmbvgj Kzdvi wkqviv nq wbnZ nqwQj A_ev Kzdv _K cvwjq wMqwQj|

gyqvÕweqvi LjvdZKvj hw` KD wki&K ev Kzdwii `vl `vlx nZ Ze Zvi Kvb fq wQj bv| wKš hw` KD wkqv wnme cwiwPZ nZ Ze ZvK nZv Kiv, Zvi mnvq-mú` Ko bqvB wQj AZvPvix gyqvÕweqvi jvKRb`i KvR|

whqv` Beb Avwen& mygvBqv imdxi mšvb wQj| hLb m Kzdvi `vij Avgvivn&Z cÖwZwZ nj ZLb gyqvÕweqv ZvK Gic wPwV wjLwQj t

n whqv`! hviv Avjxi Øxbi mv_ AvQ cÖ_g Zv`iK KZj Ki Zvici Zv`i mv_ mwÜ Kie|

whqv`, Kzdvi RbMYK gmwR` GKwÎ Ki Zv`iK Avjxi (Avt) Dci jvbZ KiZ ejj| Aviv ejj h, hw` KD GUv KiZ AcviMZv `Lvq Ze ZvK nZv Kiv ne[92]|

ejv nq _vK h, whqv` Beb Avwen& mvC` Beb wmin& bvg GK ewK nZv Kivi Rb LyR ewoqwQj| Bgvg nvmvb (Avt) GKwU wPwVZ whqv`K wjLjb h, Ò........... mvC` Beb wmin& nQ GKRb e-Mvbvn& ew ............|

whqv` Beb Avwen& H wPwVi DËi Bgvg nvmvbK (Avt) wjL Rvbvjv h, ........ Aekl m Avgvi nvZ aiv coeB....... ZvK Zvgvi (bvDRywejvn&) Amf wcZvi fvjvevmvi `vq nZv Kiv ne[93]|

whqv` Beb Avwen&i me _K eo aibi AZvPvi nQ mvgyivZz Beb Rvb`veK Zvi c _K Kzdv I eQivi `vwqZ¡ wbhy Ki| whqv` Beb Avwen&i gZyi ci gyqvÕweqv ZvK Kzdvi `vij BgvivZi `vwqZ¡ wbhy Ki| m cieZxZ 80 nvRvi jvKK wbggfve nZv Ki ii ebv eBq `q[94]|

Avey mvIqvi Av`vIqvfx ejb t mvgyivZz Beb Rvb`ve GKw`b mKvj Avgvi MvÎi 47 RbK hviv mKjB KviAvbi nvdR wQj wbggfve nZv Ki[95]|

wewkó ewMY hgb t wnRi Beb AvÕ`fx  I Zvi mx-mv_xMY, gvwjK AvkZvi, gynv` Beb Avey eiK, AvÕgi Beb nvwgK I Aviv AbK gyqvÕweqvi wekl AZvPvi kvnv`ZeiY Kib| gyqvÕweqvi AvZRbK LjvdZ Ggb wQj h, Avgi Beb nvwgKi gv_v KU Zvi ¿xi KvQ cvwVq w`qwQj[96]| Avi mKj vb Zvi Mvq`v Qwoq w`qwQj| ZvB gvbyl Zvi AwZ AvcbRbi cÖwZI wekvm ivLZv bv G KviY h, nqZv m gyqvÕweqvi Mvq`v|

Avjvgv Avwgwb (int) wjLQb t whqv` Beb Avwen& Kzdvi jvKRbK wPbZv, Kbbv m Avjxi (Avt) LjvdZi mgq KzdvZB emevm KiZv| ZvB m wkqv`iK AwZ mnRB wPb djZv Ges nZv KiZv A_ve Zv`i nvZ I cv KU w`Zv A_ev PvL Dco djZv A_ev Rj cvwVq w`Zv| Avi hviv wkqv bvg cwiwPZ wQj Zv`i GKRbKI Kzdvq Aewkó ivL wb[97]|

mswß AvjvPbv t cwiwwZ GZB Lvivc nq cowQj h, Bgvg nvmvbi LjvdZKvj KzdvZ 4/5 nvRvi wkqv eZxZ Avi Kvb wkqv wQj bv| wKš hLb whqv` Beb Avwen& MfYi nq Gjv ZLb Bgvg mvBb (Avt) BivK cÖeki AvMB Zv`iK e`x Ki Rj cvwVq w`qwQj| Bqvwh`i gZzi ci Ges whqv`i mLvb _K eQivq Pj hvIqvi ci RjLvbvi `iRv f Zviv ewiq Avm Ges Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) ii e`jv wbZ wKqvg Ki| GB NUbvwU Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) kvnv`Zi cÖvq 4 eQi ci NU| Avi ZLbI gyLZvii wKqvg msNwUZ nqwb| Zviv 93 eQi eqv mvjvBgvb Beb myi` LyhvqxÕi bZZ¡ wKqvg Ki kvg hvq Ges mLvb Zviv exii gZ hy Ki kvnv`ZeiY Kib|

Avjvgv gvgvKvbx wjLQb t Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) BivK cÖeki c~e Beb whqv` 4,500 Rb wkqvK AvUK Ki Rj cvVvq| Zv`i ga mvjvBgvb Beb myi`xI wQj| cÖvq 4 eQi Zviv H Rj AvUKv wQj| myZivs hv mZ Ges hfve Beb AvwQi DjL KiQ h, Zviv m mgq Zv`i wbR`i Rxeb ivi Rb e wQj Ges Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) kvnv`Zi ci Zviv AbyZß nq mvjvBgvbi bZZ¡ ZvDqvweb bvg GKwU `j MVb Ki Bgvg mvBbi ii e`jv bqvi Rb wKqvg Ki| hvZ Ki c~ei fyji mgvavb nq hvq[98]|

myZivs Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) nZvKvix Kzdvi wkqvMY wQjb bv| eis Zv wQj LvIqviR I gybvwdK`i mswgkªY GKwU mb `j, hviv Bgvg Avjx I Bgvg nvmvbi (Avt) LjvdZKvj Zv`i mv_ kÎZv KiwQj Ges Abvie wQj|

 

 

 

 

 

98- nvjvKvZi (aŸsmi) AvqvZi evcvi gybvwhivt

c~e K_v t cweÎ KviAvbi m~iv evKvivi 195 bs AvqvZwUZ (hv nvjvKvZi ev aŸsmi AvqvZ bvg cwiwPZ) Gic ejv nqQ t

- Avjvn&i ivvq Zvgiv `vb Ki Ges wbRi nvZ wbR`iK aŸsm Kiv bv, Avi fvj KvRi AvÄvg `vI| Kbbv Avjvn& fvj KvRi AvÄvg `vbKvixK cQ` Kib|

GLvb Avgiv D AvqvZ wbq wkK I QvÎi ga h, gybvwhiv msNwUZ nqwQj Zv Zzj aivi Póv Kiev t

QvÎ t GB AvqvZi ga GK vb ejv nqQ h, (wbRiv wbR`iK aŸsm Kiv bv)| GB AvqvZ Abymvi h wKqvg Rxeb bvki gKx iqQ Zv bv KivB kªq| Kbbv Zv Zv aŸsm nq hvIqviB mgvb| Avi gvbyli DwPr bq h, wbRB wbRK aŸsm Kie| ZvB GLvb GB cÖkwU DwÌZ nZ cvi h, Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) wKqvgi mv_ GB AvqvZK wKfve wgjvbv hvq?

wkK t GB AvqvZwU Zvi iZB Avjvn&i ivvq `vb Kivi K_v ejv nqQ| Avi Avjvn&i ivvq A_ `vb KivI nQ GK cÖKvi wRnv`| ZvB ejv nqQ h, GB `vbi Î evovevox Ki A_ev Zv `vb bv Ki wbR`i nvZ wbR`iK aŸsm Kiv bv|

Zdwmi Av``yiij gvbQyi GB AvqvZi evLvq Avmjvg Beb Avwe BÕgivbi DׄwZ w`q DjL KiQ h, wZwb ejb t Avgiv Zzii ivRavbx BmZvgeyj wQjvg, mLvb DÕKevZz Beb AvÕgi wgkii Awaevmx`i mv_ Ges dvh&hvjZz Beb DÕevB` kvgi Awaevmx`i mv_ DcwZ wQjb| gymjgvb`i mv_ hy Kivi Rb ivg _K wekvj evwnbx gq`vb DcwZ nj| Avgiv Avgv`i `jK Zv`i mv_ gyKvwejv Kivi Rb Zix nq Mjvg| wVK H mgq gymjgvb`i wfZi _K ivg evwnbxi ga Svwcq cojv| ZLb gymjgvb`i ga _K KD KD wPrKvi Ki ejj t H ew wbRi nvZ wbRK aŸsm Kijv|

ivm~j Lv`vi (mvt) mbvg ab mvnvev Avey AvBqye Avbmvix `vwoq ejjt n gvbe mKj! Zvgiv wbR`i KvQ GB AvqvZi A_ wfb ic KiQvt   | GB AvqvZwU Avgv`i (Avbmvi`i) DÏk bvwhj nqQ| Kbbv hLb Avgiv ivm~j Lv`vi (mvt) AbycwwZZ GK AciK ejwQjvg h, Avjvn& Zuvi Øxbi weRq NwUqQb Ges eZgvb Bmjvgi AbK fvKvwL nqQ| ga _K Avgv`i mú`jv cvwbZ Mj| Avjvn& Zv Zuvi Øxbi weRq NUvjbB, ZvB Avgiv hw` Avgv`i mú`i w`K Lqvj ivLZvg Ges Zv cvwbZ bv djZvg Ze Avgv`i mú`jv bó nZ bv| H mgq Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv D AvqvZwUK bvwhj Kib| mZzivs aŸsm nq hvIqvi A_ nQ wbRi mú`K Avjvn&i ivvq wRnv`i DÏk `vb bv Kiv[99]|    

QvÎ t GZ Kvb Amyweav AvQ wK h, GB AvqvZwUK Avjvn&i ivvq A_ `vbi evcviB ejv nqQ wKš ZvZ GKwU m~Îi gvag GI ej w`qQ h,   ÒwbRiv wbR`iK aŸsm Kiv bvÓ| hvZ Ki Zv mKj Î eenvi Kiv hvq?!

wkK t ZvZ Kvb Amyweav bB| wKš mÎ GB AvqvZK ZLb GB fve evLv KiZ ne h, h mKj Î aŸsm nq hvIqvUv eySv hve, ZLb hb Avgiv wbR`i nvZ wbR`iK aŸsm bv Kwi|

wKš cÖqvRbxq I AwZ cÖqvRbxq m~Îi wfwËZ hw` `Lv hvq h, Kvb welq AZš KwVb ev Rxebi Dci gwK _vKv mZ¡I eva nqB KiZ nq| G mKj Î Zv AvÄvg `qvZ Kvb mgvmv Zv b-B eis Zv IqvRxe ev cÖqvRbxq| Avi Bmjvgi AbK Avn&Kvg cÖwZv Kivi Î hgb wRnv`, bvnx Avwbj gybKvi Iqv Avgi e gvid Rxebi SzwK iqQ| wKš GB SzwK nQ AvwLivZi cvi nq hvIqvi cyj| Avi Zv AekB cÖksmbxqI eU|

Avmj ÒnvjvKvZÓ kãi A_ nQ hvi gvag mú~Yic aŸsm nq hvIqv eySvq| wKš wRnv`i gZ SzwKc~Y KvR AvQ AvwLivZi cyivi I `ywbqvq mvb| Avi G Zv Kvb aŸsm bq|

Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) wKqvgi evcviI GB GKB K_v ejZ nq| Kbbv Zviv SzwKc~Y KvR KiwQj Ges kvnv`ZeiY KiwQj Avi GB kvnv`Z Zv`iK Gb w`qQ enk&Zi cÖkvwš| hv Kvj wKqvgZ chš iYxq nq _vKe|

D`vniY ^ic t hw` KD Ggb GKwU SzwKc~Y KvR Kijv hvi KviY KqKRb wbnZ njv Ges KqK nvRvi w`bvi cwigvb A_I wZmvab njv| wKš GB KvRi KviY nvRvi nvRvi gvbyl Mvgivnxi c_ _K gywi c_ wdi Avmjv Ges j j w`bvi Avq DcvwRZ njv| Ggb SywKc~Y KvRK wK aŸsm nIqv ejv hve?

Avi KlKiv KqK gY avb wQwUq exR Zjv Zix Ki Zv _K KqK nvRvi gY avb Drcb Ki _vK, mÎ wK Zvi cÖwZ Ggb AwfhvM Kiv hve h, Kb Zzwg gvwUZ avb wQUvQv?

 Avi G KviYB KviAvb ejQ t

- Avi hvw` Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv Kvb Kvb ewK Ab Kvb ew gvag aŸsm bv Kib Ze hwgb dvmv` cwic~Y nq hve (evKviv t 251)|

QvÎ t Avcbvi Dchy hywi KviY Avwg h welqwU múK Lye fvj eySZ ciwQ G Rb AvcbvK AbK abev`|

 

 

 


 

99- Bivbx wkqv`i Mvcb welq wbq gybvwhivt

c~e K_v t Bivb Bmjvg cÖek KiQ Igii LjvdZi mgq| Zvnj Kb Bivbi AwaKvskB wkqv gvhnvei Abymvix?

Bivbx wkqv BwZnvm cÖgvY `q h, Bivbxiv cÖ_g kZvãx _K mßg kZvãx chš chvqwgKfe wkqv gvhnvei Abymvix nqQ| Avi cÖwZwU avcB Zv nqQ cÖ_g avci Zzjbvq Aviv `pZi| GLvb G welq GKwU gybvwhiv Zzj aivi Póv Kiev t

GK AwM cyRviK Ávbx ew t Avgvi `wóZ iZ¡c~Y h welqjvi KviY Bivbxiv wkqv gvhnvei cÖwZ AvKwlZ nqQ Zv 4 fve wef t

1-                       Bivbx`i hnZz AvM _KB mvjZvbvZx (ev`kvi Qj ev`kvn&) cwZi kvmb eevi cÖwZ Afvm wQj ZvB Zviv mvjZvbvZx BgvgZi kvmb eevK mnRB gb wbqQ|

2-                       Bivbxiv mB cyivZb Avgj _KB gb KiZv h, mvjZvbvZ nQ Avjvn& KZK cÖ`Ë| Avi Gic AvK¡x`v-wekvm wkqv gvhnvei mv_ IZvcÖZvfve wgk AvQ|

3-                       Bivbi ev`kvn&i Kbv kvnvievbyi mv_ Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) weqi KviY|

4-                       Avie`i wecixZ GB wkqviB wQj h, Zv`i QÎ Qvqvq hb Bivbxiv AwMcyRv Pvwjq hZ cvi| myZivs wkqv gvhnve nQ Bivbx`i wPšv-fvebv w`q ZixKZ GKwU gvhnve[100]|

gymwjg wPšvwe` t Zvgvi ewYZ 4 wU welqi GKwUI Bivbxiv

h wkqv gvhnvei Abymvix Zvi Mvcb inmK cÖKvk KiZ cviwb|

Kbbv bexi (mvt) AvgjB GB `k wkqvi wfwË cÖi vwcZ nqwQj| Avi bexi (mvt) BšKvji ci ewb nvwkgi ga Ges mvjgvb, Aveyhvi, wgK`v` I Avvii gZ jvKi ga Zv cÖmvi jvf KiZ _vK| myZivs Bivbx`i wkqv nIqvi Avmj KviYwU nQ bexi (mvt) b~ii QUv|

Avi mvmvbx kvn&`i BwZnvm _K cÖgvY cvIqv hvq h, Zviv Bivbi gvbyli mv_ KZB bv Lvivc eenvi KiQ| AZGe Bivbxiv mvjZvbvZi (myjZvb cÖ_vi) wei Ges Zviv bvqcivqYZvq ewj GKwU wbqg-bxwZi LvR wQj hv Zv`iK AZvPvix kvmK`i nvZ _K gyw w`Z cvie|

Avi kvnvievbyi mv_ Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) weqi KviY nqZv Bivbx`i wkqv nIqvi wcQb GKUzLvwb cÖfve djZI cvi|

Ze Zv KLbvB cÖKZ KviY bq|

AwM cyRviK t hw` Avgvi ewYZ 4 wU weql Bivbx`i wkqv nIqvi KviY bv nq _vK Ze cÖKZ KviYmg~n wK hv Bivbx`iK wkqv gvhnvei cÖwZ AvKwlZ KiQ?

gymwjg wPšvwe` t GUv GKwU `xN m~Îi wfwËZ ic jvf KiQ| Avi Zv msc wbgv 11 wU chvq AvjvPbv Kiv hZ cvi t

1-                       cÖ_g kZvãxi wØZxq Ask AZvPvix mvmvbx kvn&`i AZvPvi Bivbxiv AwZó nq DVwQj Ges Zviv bvqcivqYZvq ewj GKwU wbqg-bxwZi LvR wQj hv Zv`iK AZvPvix kvmK`i nvZ _K gyw w`Z cvie| G KviY Zviv Bmjvg ag MÖnY Ki| Avi G evcvi mvjgvbi fywgKv mePq DjLhvM wQj| Avi mvjgvb hnZz bex (mvt) I Avjxi (Avt) AwZ f wQj ZvB BivbxivI Z`ªc bex (mvt) I Avjxi (Avt) f nq hvq| Kbbv BmjvgK Rvbvi Rb mvjgvb AvjxK (Avt) Bivbx`i KvQ cwiPq Kwiq `q|

2-                       Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) LjvdZKvj Zuvi cÖkvmwbK Kvhg Kzdvq nIqvZ Bivbxiv mLvb mnRB hvZvqvZ KiZv Ges Zuvi bvqcivqYZv I Av`ki cÖg gy nq hvq|

3-                       Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) Kvievjvi NUbvI wQj GKwU gvag| hvi gvag Bivbxiv ewb DgvBqvi bó PwiÎ múK AeMZ nq Zv`i cÖwZ wavi `q Ges bexi (Avt) Avn&j evBZi cÖwZ fvjvevmv vcb Ki Ges Zv`i Aši Bgvg Rb e`bvq fvivš nq IV|

4-                       cieZx chvq Bgvg mvw`Ki (Avt) mvswZ cÖPvi-cÖmvii dj Ges Øxb wkv K`ª cÖwZvi KviY, hLvb 4 nvRviiI ekx QvÎ Øxwb wkvq wkv ARb Ki wewfb vb Zvi cÖvPvii KvQ wjß _vKZv|

5-                       BivKi ci Bivbi Kvg kni we`kx wkqv QvÎ`i Øxwb wkv ARbi Rb wewfb wkv cÖwZvb Mo IV|

6-                       Bgvg ihvi (Avt) g`xbv _K Bivbi Lvivmvb cÖ`k AvmvUvI nQ GKwU eo KviY| wZwb mLvb Avmvi ci wewfb Øxb agi eo eo AvjgMYK gybvwhivi Rb `vIqvZ KiZb| Bgvg g`xbv _K Lvivmvb Avmvi mgq cÖ_g wbkvcyi Aevb Kib| mLvb wZwb ZŠInx` BgvgZ múK ee ivLb|  cÖvq 20/24  nvRvi

jvK Zuvi ee kvbvi Rb DcwZ nqwQj[101]|

7-                       Bgvg ihv (Avt) Lvivmvb Avmvi KviY Zuvi AvZxq-^Rbiv I QvÎ GKi ci GK Bivb AvmZ i Ki| Avi Zv`i mvaviY gvbyli mv_ múK vcb KivUvI nQ GKwU KviY|

8-                       wkqv gvhnvei eo eo Avjg Bivb Avmvi KviY| hgb t kBL KzjvBwb, kBL Zzwm, kBL mv`yK, kBL gywd` .................| Zviv cÖZKB wQjb wekl Ávb Ávbvwš^Z| Zviv Zv`i Ávb w`q mvaviY gvbylK wn`vqZ KiZb|

9-                       Avj eyqi kvmK whwb wkqv wQjb, wZwb 4/5 kZvãxZ ivRbwZKfve Bivb wkqv cÖPvi I cÖmvii evcvi iZ¡c~Y f~wgKv ivLb|

10-                    mßg kZvãxi cÖ_g w`K Avjvgv wnwji gvag myjZvb Lv`vev`i wkqv gvhnve MÖnY KivUvI wQj GKwU wekl KviY| GB mgq wkqv gvhnvei evcvi Avjvgv wnwj cÖPzi MÖš iPbv Kib|

11-                    `kg I GKv`k kZvãxZ mvdvIqvfxq`i Bivbi gZvq AwawZ nIqv| Gi Rb wkqv wewkó AvjgMY hgb Avjvgv wnwj, kBL evnvqx, gxi `vgv`x I Aviv AbKB h_ó KóI KiwQjb| GB miKviB miKvixfve wkqv gvhnveK ivóªxq ag ej NvlYv Ki[102]|

AwM cyRviK t aygvÎ evBii cÖfvei KviYB wK Bivb wkqv gvhnvei  m~Pbv  nqQ,  bv  wK AvfšwiY cÖfveI wQj? bv wK Dfq

cÖfveB?

gymwjg wPšvwe` t AekB ejZ ne h, Dfq cÖfveB wQj| Kbbv GKw`K hnZz Bivbx`i bvq cÖwZvi `vex, mZev`xZvi `vex Ges bwZKZvi Aviv Abvb w`K _vKvi KviY AZvPvix kvmKi wei iL `vwoqwQj mnZz AvfšwiY cÖfve AekB wQj|  Zgb Aciw`K evBii cÖfve ejZ gvmyg BgvgMYi (Avt) Øviv cÖ`Ë GK HkxK kvmb eev hv Bivbx`iK wkqv gvhnvei cÖwZ AvKwlZ KiQ|

Bivbxiv GB cwic~Y AvBb eevK Bgvg Avjx (Avt) I Zuvi mšvbMYi HkxK ZvRvwji ga LyR cqwQj| Avi Zviv `LwQj h, kÎiv Zv`i H Hkx AvBb eevi cÖwZ weivaxZv KiQ| GgZvevq Zv`i mvgb `ywU ivv Lvjv wQj| Avi Zviv bexi (mvt) Avn&j evBZK (Avt) cÖKZ Bmjvg wnme gb Kijv| Zv`i Ašimg~n Zv`iK AvbyMZ Kivi Rb AvM _KB cÖZ nq wQj| ZvB Zv`i gvag Bivb cÖKZ Bmjvg wkqv gvhnve ic cÖKvk cj| ZvB Bivbx`i wkqv nIqvi wcQb evBii I wfZii Dfq cÖfveB cwijwZ nq| Avi ZvB Zv bex (mvt) c~eB GB NUbvwUK DjL KiwQjb t

- Avie eZxZ mŠfvMevb gvbyl (BmjvgK MÖnY Kivi evcvi) nQ Bivbxiv|

Ges Aviv ejQb t

- gymjgvb`i ga Bmjvgi _K ekx jvf ARb Kie Bivbxiv [103]|  

 


 

100- KviAvbi wKQy AvqvZi mv_ Ab wKQy AvqvZi weivaxZv iqQ G welq gybvwhivt

QvÎ t Avwg hLb KviAvbi AvqvZ cwo ZLb Kvb Kvb AvqvZi mv_ Ab Kvb Kvb AvqvZi weiva `LZ cvB Gi KviY wK?

wkK t Avjvn&i evYxZ KLbvB Gic cv_K Ges Kvb cÖKvi weiva _vKZ cvi bv[104]| m~iv wbmvi 82 bs AvqvZwUZ co _vKev h,

- Avi hw` KviAvb Avjvn& eZxZ Ab Kviv c _K nZv Ze Zvi ga cÖPzi cwigvb weiva I cv_K cwijwZ KiZ|

Avi GwU nQ KviAvbi wbf~jZvi c GKwU eo `wjj, hvZ Kvb cÖKvi weiva bB| Avi GB weiva bv _vKvUvB nQ KviAvbi RxweZ _vKv Ges Zv gyÕwRhv nIqvi KviY| gvbyli wPšv kvw w`q ZixKZ Kvb welq ZvZ bB eis Zv Avjvn&i KvQ _K bvwhj nqQ|

QvÎ t Zvnj GUv wKfve me h, Avwg hLb wKQy wKQy AvqvZi mvZ Ab wKQy wKQy AvqvZi Zzjbv Kwi ZLb gb nq AvqvZjvi ga weiva iqQ?

wkK t Zzwg `yÕGKwU D`vniY DjL Ki| hvZ Ki Zv chvjvPbvi gvag eySv hve h, Zv`i ga weiva AvQ wK bB|

QvÎ t D`vniY ^ic `ywU bgybv DjL KiwQ t

 

1- KviAvbi wKQy wKQy AvqvZ gvbyli ghv`vK AwZ DP DjL Ki ejQ t

hLb Av`gK (gvbylK) Zix KiwQjvg Ges Avgvi in Zvi ga cÖevwnZ KiwQjvg ZLb ZvK wmR`v Kie[105]|

wKš Ab wKQy AvqvZ gvbyli ghv`K GZ wbP DjL Kiv nqQ h, ZvK Pvi cv wewkó ci bvq eis Zvi _KI Aviv wbP ejv nqQ| hgb wbgi AvqvZwU t

wRb Ges Bbmvbi AbK `jK `vhLi Rb Zix KiwQ| Zvi Ggb Ašii AwaKvix hvi gvag Zviv eySZ cvi bv Ges Ggb PvLi AwaKvix hvi gvag `LZ cvq bv, Avi Ggb Kvbi AwaKvix hvi gvag bZI cvq bv| Zviv Abyic Pvi cv wewkó ci bvq eis Zvi _KI Aviv wbP| Zviv nQ D`vmxb ev AmPZb[106]|

wkK t D AvqvZ `yÕwUi ga Kvb weiva bB| eis GB AvqvZ `yÕwU gvbylK `yB fvM fvM KiQ, 1- fvj, 2-g`| fvjiv Avjvn&i `ievi GZ DP ghv`v múb h, dik&Zv`i wmR`v cvIqvi hvM| ZvB Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv dik&Zv`iK wb`k w`qQb h, Zv`i AwZ¡i KviY wmR`vq Kwiqv Av`vq KiZ| wKš g``i ghv`v GZ wbg h, Zviv c`i _KI wbg ii| Kbbv Zv`i ga AvK¡ji gZ DbZ wRwbl _vKv AevqI Zviv c`i c`v AbymiY KiQ|

myZivs cÖ_g AvqvZ gvbyli GZ DP cÖksmv Kivi KviY nQ, Zviv Zv`i wePYZv w`q fvj c_K AbymiY KiQ| Avi wØZxq AvqvZ gvbylK GZ wbggvbi cwiPq `qvi KviY nQ, Zv`i wePYZv _vKv mZ¡I Zviv wbR`iK DbwZi kxl AvivnY bv Kwiq eis cZ¡Zvi MwÊZ Ave nqQ|

QvÎ t Avcbvi hyw mZ AvjvPbvi Rb Akl abev`| hw` AbygwZ `b Ze Aviv bgybv DjL Kiev|

wkK t nuv, AekB|

QvÎ t Avgiv wbg AvqvZwUZ co _vKev h t

.... .....

cweÎ gwnjv`i mv_ weevn eÜb Ave nI, `yB A_ev wZb A_ev PviwU ¿x MÖnY KiZ cviv Ze hw` fq cvI h, Zv`i ga bvq cÖwZv KiZ cvie bv, mÎ GKwU ¿xK MÖnY Ki[107]|

GB AvqvZ Abyhvqx, Bmjvg GKwU cyili Rb (hw` m Zv`i ga bvq cÖwZv KiZ cvi) PviwU ¿x MÖnY Kiv Rvqh|

wKš wbgv AvqvZ co _vKev t

¿xMYi ga KLbB bvq cÖwZv KiZ cvie bv, Zv hZB Zvgiv Póv Ki[108]|

ZvB djvdj `vovjv GUvB h, cÖ_g AvqvZ Abyhvqx PviwU ¿x MÖnY Kiv hve| Ze kZ nQ Zv`i ga bvq cÖwZv KiZ ne| wKš wØZxq AvqvZwUZ ejv nqQ h, KLbB Zv`i ga bvq cÖwZv Kiv me bq| ZvB GKi ekx ¿x MÖnY Kiv Rvqh bq| GÎ GB `yÕwU AvqvZi ga GK aibi weiva cwijwZ nq|

wkK t Bgvg mvw`Ki (Avt) mgq Beb Avwej AvÕDRv bvg GK bvwKi c _K GB welqwU DjL Kiv nj, wnkvg Beb nvKvg GB cÖki DËiwU Bgvg mvw`Ki (Avt) KvQ _K MÖnY Ki Zv cÖkKvix`i ga eqvb Ki I Zviv Dchy DËi cq mšó nq hvq[109]| DËiwU wbgic t

cÖ_g AvqvZ h, bvq cÖwZvi K_v ejv nqQ Zv nQ AvPvi-AvPiY Ges ¿xi AwaKvii evcvi bvq cÖwZv Kiv| Avi wØZxq AvqvZ h bvq cÖwZvi K_v ejv nqQ Zv nQ AvšwiK fve ¿xMYK mgvb cwigvb cQ`i evcvi bvq cÖwZv Kiv| myZivs GB `yÕwU AvqvZi ga Kvb cÖKvi weiva bB| hw` KD AvPvi-AvPiYi w`K w`q Zvi ¿x`i ga bvq cÖwZv KiZ cvi (AvšwiK fve ¿xMYK mgvb cwigvb cQ`i evcvi bvq cÖwZv bvI KiZ cvi) Ze PviwU ¿x MÖnY KiZ cvi|

QvÎ t GB `yB AvqvZi Î ÔAv`vjZÕ kãwUK `yB iKg A_ Kiev, Kbbv ÔAv`vjZÕ (bvq cÖwZv) kãwUi GKwU A_ eZxZ Avi Kvb A_ bB?

wkK t mvwnwZK w`K w`q, hw` Kvb wb`kb _K _vK Ze D kãi evwnK A_ev evZwb A_ Kiv hZ cvi| Avi D `yB AvqvZ GB wb`kb cwivifve cwijwZ nq| hgb cÖ_g AvqvZ bvq cÖwZv aygÎ AvPvi-AvPiYi ga mxgve, Kbbv evwnK fve ZvB eySv hvq| wKš wØZxq AvqvZwUi cii Ask co _vKev t

wbRi mg cÖKvi Pvwn`vK GKRb ¿xi gvag cyiY Kiv bv hv Ab`iK Qo `qvi gZ nq hvq ev Zv`iK `vwqZ¡nxb Ki `q|

ZvB GB `yÕwU AvqvZ _K hv eySv hvq Zv nQ wØZxq AvqvZ AvšwiK fve ¿xMYK mgvb cwigvb cQ`i evcvi bvq cÖwZv Kivi K_v ejv nqQ| wKš ZvZ AvPvi-AvPiY Ges ¿xi AwaKvii evcvi bvq cÖwZv Kivi K_v ejv nqwb|

myZivs GB `yÕwU AvqvZi ga Kvb weiva bB|

QvÎ t Avcbvi hywi KvQ Avwg civwRZ njvg Ges Zv MÖnY Kijvg, AvcbvK Akl abev`|

   


 

101- Bgvg hvgvbi (Avt) 313 Rb mv_xi evcvi  gybvwhivt

c~e K_v t wewfb iIqvqZ cwijwZ nq h, Bgvg gvn&`x (Avt) hLb Avwef~Z neb ZLb 313 Rb mx-mv_x KvÕevi cvk Zvui mv_ `Lv KiZ Avme| Bgvg Zv`i Rb Acv Kieb| ZvivB nQ cÖ_g ew hviv Bgvgi mv_ evBqvZ Kie| Avi H mgq Bgvgi wKqvg i ne| wZwb avc avc GwMq hveb| H 313 Rb Bgvgi cZvKvevnx neb Ges Zviv Bgvgi c _K wewfb `ki MfYiI neb|

G cÖm Avgiv Bgjvgi GKRb MelK ew I GKRb mZi mÜvbxi ga msNwUZ gybvwhiv Zzj aivi Póv Kiev t

mZi mÜvbx t AbyMÖn Ki AvgvK Bgvg gvn&`xi (Avt) 313 Rbi mx-mv_xi nv`xmwU ejyb?

MelK t G cÖm wewfb nv`xm DjL nqQ| GKwU nv`xm Zv bq| Ze cÖZK nv`xmB ejv nqQ h, Zuvi mx-mv_xi msLv nQ 313 Rb| Avi GB nv`xmmg~n GZ ekx cwigvb DjL nqQ h, gvbyl Zvi mZZvi evcvi Ávb nvwmj Kie| ZvB GUv me bq h, GK`j wg_vev`x Ggb nv`xm Rvj Kie|

mZi mÜvbx t gvIjvbv iwgi gvmbvexZ hfve DjL nqQ t

mgy`ªi cvwb QuP djv bv MjI,

                           Zv _K Zv Zòv wbeviY Kiv hvq|

 

Gic, m evcvi AvgvK KqKwU D`vniY w`b|

MelK t m~iv `i 80 bs AvqvZi ZdwmI GmQ h, nhiZ jyZ (Avt) Zvi MvÎi jvK`iK ejb t

-          nvq! hw` Zvgv`i wec Avgvi kw _vKZv A_ev Avkªq j A_ev gZvevb  mvnvhKvix  KD  _vKZv  Ze  Avwg  `LvZvg  Zvgv`i gZ

Mvgivn&Kvix`i mv_ wK KiZ nq?

Bgvg mvw`K (Avt) ejb t GB AvqvZ H ÔKzIqvn&Õ kãwUi A_ nQ Bgvg gvn&`x (Avt)| Avi ÒgReyZ ccvlKÓ -Gi A_ nQ D 313 Rb[110]|

Ab AviKwU iIqvqZ GmQ h, Bgvg evwKi (Avt) ejQb t

........

GgbUvB fvejvg h, H wZbÕk ZiRb mx-mv_x hb Kzdvi bvRvd _K Dci DVQ, gb nq Zv`i Kjemg~n jvnvi UzKiv[111]|

mZi mÜvbx t GB cw_exi wekvj fywgZ Bgvg hvgvbi 313 Rb mx-mv_x cvIqv hvq wb h, Zviv Zuvi mvvZ nvwRi ne Ges wZwb Avwef~Z neb I `ywbqvi gvbyl bvRvZ cvi?

MelK t iIqvqZ DjL AvQ h, GB 313 Rb wekl ewkói AwaKvix neb| hnZz Bgvg Avwef~Z nbwb ZvB eySv hvq h, GB `ywbqv GLbv H ic ewkó m^wjZ gvbyl Zix KiZ e_|

mZi mÜvbx t Zviv Kgb ewkói AwaKvix neb?

MelK t hgb iIqvqZ DjL nqQ h, Bgvg mvv` (Avt) ejQb t hLb Bgvg gvn&`x (Avt) gvq AbK jvKi mgvMgi ga wbRi cwiPq Zzj aieb Ges Zv`iK Zuvi mv_ HKe nIqvi Rb AvnŸvb Rvbveb ZLb Zv`i ga _K wKQy jvK ZvK nZv Kivi Rb DV `vove|

ZLb GB 313 Rb iL `vove Ges BgvgK Zv`i AvgY _K iv Kie Ges Zv`i c_iva Kie[112]|       

G Qvov Aviv Abvb iIqvqZ Zv`i evcvi GmQ h t

....

Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv Zv`iK gvq GKwÎZ Kieb, wVK ngši LÊ LÊ gNi bvq[113]|

(A_vr Zviv `ªZ MwZZ DP chvq Ges DËg mvq wbR`iK gvq DcwZ Kieb)|

Bgvg mvw`K (Avt) ejQb t

ɡ ѡ ...

GgbUvB h, Bgvg hvgvbK (Avt) Kzdvi wg^vii Dci `Ljvg Aviv `Ljvg 313 Rb mx-mv_x Abyic e`ii gymwjg hvv`i gZ Zuvi Pvicvk wNi iLQ| Avjvn&i c _K Zviv nQ gvbyli Dci bZZ¡`vbKvix I cZvKvevnx[114]|

GB nv`xm Abymvi, H 313 Rb Ávb, c~YZv, mvnwmKZv Ges Abvb Bmjvgx iZ¡c~Y welqi Î Ggb chvq _vKeb h, hw` cw_exK 313 fvM fvM Kiv nq Ges Zv`i h Kvb GKRb H 313 fvMi GK fvMi `vwqZ¡ cÖvß nb (hgb Bgvg Lvgbx (int) Bivbi cwiPvjbvi `vwqZ¡ cÖvß nqwQjb) Zvnj Zv cwiPvjbvi gZv Zv`i gaI _vKZ ne| mv_ mv_ Zv`i cÖZKiB mgvR cÖeki Ges Zvi Dci bZZ¡ `qvi gZv _vKZ ne| hvZ Ki Zviv cw_exi H Ask Bgvg gvn&`xi cÖwZwbwaZ¡ KiZ cvi|

mZi mÜvbx t GZY eySZ cvijvg h, eZgvb cw_exZ GLbv chš H mKj ewkói AwaKvix 313 Rb ew bB| AekB Zvi Rb wbLyZ cwiKíbv wfwËK KvR Kiv cÖqvRb| hvZ Ki GB cw_ex Bgvg gvn&`xi (Avt) AvwefveK MÖnY Kivi Rb Zix nq| hgbfve bexMY wbR`i cweÎ DÏk nvwmji Rb wePY I mvnmx mx-mv_xi cÖqvRb ivLZb| Bgvg gvn&`xiI (Avt) AekB Zgb aibi mx-mv_x _vKZ ne| Avwg D 313 Rbi ewkó múK Aviv RvbZ BQyK|

MelK t wbgv AvqvZwUZ Avgiv coev t

hLvbB _vKv Avjvn& Zvgv`iK GKwÎZ Kieb[115]|

Bgvg mvw`K (Avt) ejQb t GB AvqvZi DÏk nQ Bgvg gvn&`xi (Avt) mvnvevMY hviv nQb 313 Rb| Avjvn&i Kmg! Zviv nQb Ggb DZ hviv mKjB GK NUvi ga GKwÎZ neb| hgb ngši LÊ LÊ gN cÖej evZvmi gvag GKwÎZ I ~cxKZ nq[116]|

Zv`i ewkó mg~n t `yieZx kni I `k _K gvq GKwÎZ ne[117]| Bgvg gvn&`x (Avt) gvi GK wKjvwgUvi `yi Zv`i (313 Rb) Rb Acv Kieb| Zviv hLb Bgvgi KvQ Avmeb ZLb wZwb Zv`iK mv_ wbq KvÕevi cvk Avmeb[118]| Avi ZvivB nQb cÖ_g ew hviv Bgvgi mv_ mevi AvM evBqvZ Kieb[119]|

Zviv Bgvgi cvk Aevb Kivq Hkx mvnvhi AvIZvf~| Avjvn&i nvZ Bgvg I Zv`i gv_vi Dci _vKe| hgb Bgvg mvv` (Avt) ejQb t GgbB h, Zvgv`i bZvK (Bgvg gvn&`x) 313 Rb mx-mv_xmn Kzdvi wcQb bRvdi cÖwZ AMÖmi nZ `Ljvg| m mgq wReªvCj Zuvi Wvb cvk I wgLvCj Zvui cv cvk Ges Bmivwdj Zuvi mvgb bexi (mvt) cZvKvK nvZ wbq AMÖmixZ nQb| H cZvKvK Kvb weivax `ji mvgb SzKveb bv| Avjvn& Zuvi weivax`iK aŸsm Kieb[120]|

mZi mÜvbx t Bgvg gvn&`xi (Avt) mx-mv_x`i evcvi aygvÎ cyili K_v ejv nqQ, Zvnj wK gwnjv`i G evcvi Kvb fywgKvB bB?

MelK t GB h, cyili K_v ekx ejv nqQ Zvi KviY nQ h, Bgvgi wKqvgi iZB cÖPzi cwigvb wRnv` I hyi welq iqQ| hLvb ^vfvweK fveB cyilv iqQ| wKš gwnjvMY hy Î eZxZ Ab fve Bgvgi wb`wkZ c_ KvR Ki hve| wKQy wKQy iIqvqZ Bgvgi 313 Rb mx-mv_x`i ga gwnjvivI h _vKe Zv ewYZ nqQ| hgb Bgvg evwKi (Avt) ejQb t

Avjvn&i Kmg! 313 Rb cyil Avme Zv`i ga 50 Rb nQ gwnjv| c~e Kvb ic Iqv`v `qv QvovB Zviv gvq GKwÎZ ne| Zv`i AvmvUv Abyic ngši gNi bvq[121]|

gydvh&hvj nZ DjL nqQ h, Bgvg mvw`K (Avt) ejQb t Bgvg gvn&`xi (Avt) mv_ 13 Rb gwnjv _vKe|

ejjvg t Zviv wK KviY Bgvgi cvk _vKe?

wZwb ejjb t Zviv AvnZ`iK mev Kie, hgb bexi (mvt) mgq Zuvi mv_ hy Î D KvRi AvÄvg w`Z[122]|

mZi mÜvbx t D msLK cyil I gwnjv Bgvg gvn&`xi (Avt) wekevcx wKqvgi Î LyeB Kg|

MelK t GB msLK mx-mv_x KvRi iZB Bgvgi mv_ GKwÎZ ne| wKš cieZxZ Zv w`bi ci w`b chvqwgKfve mx-mv_xi cwigvb ew cZ _vKe|

evLv t Zviv nQ Bgvgi wekl mx-mv_x I Zuvi wekevcx wKqvg cwiPvjbvi g~j K`ªi cÖwZv Kie| hgb iIqvqZ GmQ h, Ò360 Rb Gjvnx cyil nvRvij AvmIqv` I gvKvg Beªvnxgi gaeZx vb Bgvgi mv_ evBqvZ Kie Ges Zviv nQ Zuvi gš¿x| hviv GB cw_ex cwiPvjbv Kivi i`vwqZ¡K Kuva Zzj wbebÓ|

Bgvg evwKi (Avt) ejQb t Kzdvi _K 70 nvRvi jvK hviv nQ mZev`x I wbvevb Bgvg gvn&`xi (Avt) mvnvh Kivi Rb GKwÎZ ne[123]|

 

 

 

 

gybvwhivwU mú~Y Kivi j GB eBqi klcÖvš wbgv wekl nv`xmmg~n jYxqt

1- Bgvg mvw`K (Avt) ejQb t

().

Hic nhiZ Kvqgi (Avjvn&i `i` Zuvi Dci ewlZ nvK) bvg 23k (ighvbi) ivZ aŸwbZ ne| Avivi w`b, Bgvg mvBb (Avt) kvn`vZ w`em wZwb wKqvg Kieb[124]|

2- Bgvg mvv` (Avt) ejQb t

ɡ

hLb Avgv`i Kvqg wKqvg Kie, Avjvn& ZvÕqvjv me aibi Avc` I AvZK Avgv`i wkqv`i _K `yi mwiq w`eb Ges Zv`i Ašimg~nK jŠn LÊi bvq gReyZ Ki w`eb| Avi Zv`i cÖZKi kwK 40 Rbi kwi mgvb Ki w`eb Ges Zviv cw_exi bZZ¡`vbKvix ne[125]|

3- Bgvg evwKi (Avt) ejQb t

ǡ ˡ

hLb Avgv`i wb`k Pjgvb ne Ges Avgv`i gvn&`x Avwef~Z ne, Avgv`i wkqv`i cÖZKB wmsni _K ekx mvnmx I ejgi _KI Zx ne| kÎ`iK aŸsm Ki w`e Ges Zv`iK nZv Kie[126]|

4- Bgvg mvw`K (Avt) ejQb t

Zvgiv AekB Kvqgi wKqvgi Rb AšZc GKwU Zxi msMÖn Kivi gvag njI Zix nqv[127]|


 

5- wZwb Aviv ejQb t

mKj I me aibi mgmv Bgvg gvn&`xi (Avt) DcwwZZ AvZmgcY I ekxf~Z ne[128]|

-mgvß-

 

 

 


 

[1]|   (Avbqvg/ 92, iv/ 7)| 

[2]| gvRgvq~j evqvb, LÊ-2, ct-294|

[3]| mvwndvq b~i, LÊ-18, ct-66, 67| 

[4]|                                H                                    |

[5]| ÔKvnjyj evQviÕ wKZve _K BKwZevm, ct-119, gvRgvqyj evqvb, LÊ-9, ct-128| 

[6]| Bn&wZRvR Zevivmx, LÊ-2, ct-18 I 19| 

[7]| wenvij Avbvqvi, LÊ-46, ct-127|

[8]| gybZvwnqvj Avgvj, LÊ-2, ct-79|

[9]| Iqvmvqjyk wkqvn&, LÊ-9, ct-406| 

[10]| mybvb Beb gvRvn&, LÊ-2, ct-18,19, wenvij Avbvqvi, LÊ-52, ct-316|

[11]| AvÕBqvbyk wkqvn&, LÊ-1, ct-14, (bZzb msiY)|

[12]| Iqvmvqjyk wkqvn&, LÊ-8, ct-14|

[13]| wmivn& Beb wnkvgi Dci evLv m^wjZ eB, LÊ-, ct-38 _K 62| 

[14]| KvgvjywÏb, ct-104, Zdwmi eyinvb, LÊ-3, ct-795|

[15]| Kvgvj DwÏb, ct-104, Zdwmi eyinvb, LÊ-3, ct-795|

[16]| kvin bvn&Ryj evjvMv Beb Avwej nv`x`, LÊ-3, ct-312|

[17]| BmwZBqvÕe, LÊ-2, ct-509, hvLvqij DÕKev, ct-222 I ........|

[18]| Avj& vZz Avjvh hvnve, ct-361|

[19]| kvin bvn&Ryj evjvMv -Beb Avwej nv`x`, LÊ-1, ct-358 I 360| 

[20]| Zdwmi Beb KvwQi, LÊ-2, ct- 128|

[21]| Beb AveŸvm D AvqvZi A_ Gfve KiQb (Avj& Mv`xi, LÊ-8)|

[22]| wghvbyj BÕZv`vj, ct-397|

[23]| Zvn&wheyZ Zvn&whe, LÊ-4, ct-115|

[24]|                           H                                  |

[25]| ZvwiL Zvevix (Avey Zvwje KzivBk eski gyÕwgb) Avavq|

[26]| GLvb Aviv AbK K_v ejvi AvQ, `Lyb Avj& Mv`xi, LÊ-7, (Avey Zvwje KzivBk eski gyÕwgb) GB Aavq, ct-303 _K 311|

[27]| D AvqvZwU h, Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) kvb bvwhj nqQ m evcvi MvqvZzj gvivg wKZve Avn&j mybvZi DׄwZ w`q 24 wU Ges wkqv gvhnvei DׄwZ w`q 19 wU nv`xm DjL KiQ (wgbnvRyj evivÕqvZz, LÊ-2, ct-350)|    

[28]| bvnvRyj evjvMv, 45 bs wPwV| GB wPwVi wewfb AbyQ` Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) hvn`i (cÖqvRbi AwZwi Kib bv) evcvi DjL nqQ| Avi GB myÎ Zuvi DÏk `vgx AvswU civi Acev` `qv AbywPr|   

[29]| IqvKvqDÕj AvBqvg, ct-627| 

[30]|    (Avn&hve/37)|

[31]| GB AvqvZi welq Aviv Rvbvi Rb `Lyb `vjvqjym wm`K, LÊ-2, ct-73 _K 321|  

[32]| nvk&i t 7|

[33]| mvaviYZ AvK¡j I weeK w`q hw` wePvi Kwi Zvnj hv wKQy AwaK ghv`v wnme KviAvb DjL nqQ hgb t ZvKIqv, Ávb, wRnv`, wnRivZ, Avjvn&i ivvq A_ `vb Kiv I ...., Ges bexi (mvt) ci D ghv`vi w`K w`q Ab`i _K mevrKó wZwb Avjx (Avt) eZxZ Ab KD bb| Kbbv hZY chš bv wekl ewZ¡ AwRZ nq ZZY chš wekl ewZ¡ ARbKvix`i vb Aevb Kiv me bq| myZivs KviAvb Avgv`iK bexi (mvt) cieZx jvwfwl wnme Zuvi ci Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) Bgvg I LjvdZi NvlYv w`Q Ges Avgv`iK m w`K AMÖmixZ nIqvi wb`k w`Q| Kbbv KviAvb ejQ t

h ew mZi cÖwZ n`vqvZ Ki, Zvi AvbyMZ Kiv kªq bv wK h wbR  n`vqvZ nZ cvi bv hZY chš KD ZvK n`vqvZ bv KiQ, Zvgv`i wK ne? wKfve wePvi Kie?

myZivs GKRb mwVK I Dchy ew ev mvswZK wbYq KivUv nQ GKk fvM weeK mZ I Bmjvgx| Kbbv ivm~j Lv`v (mvt) ejQb t

gymjvb`i ga AwaK DËg Kvb  ew _vKv mZ¡I Ab KD hw` Zv`i bZv nZ Pvq Ze Gic ew AekB Avjvn& I Zuvi ivm~j Ges gyÕwgb`i mv_ LqvbZ KiQ (Avj& Mv`xi, LÊ-8)|

[34]| wimvjvZzj Bmjvg (gvMvwRb), `viZ ZvKwiwe evBbvj gvhvwnwej Bmjvwgqv wej Kvwnivn&, mvj 11, msLv-3, ct-227, 1379 wnRix| 

[35]| wd mvwewjj Iqvnv`vwjj Bmjvwgqv (mvBq` gyZvhv ivhvfx), ct-52, 54, 55| 

[36]| mnxn& gymwjg, LÊ-3, ct-61, mybvb wZiwghx, LÊ-2, ct-256, mybvb wbmvB, LÊ-4, ct-88|  

[37]| ZvnwheyZ Zvnwhe, LÊ-11, ct-125|

[38]|              H         , LÊ-4, ct-115|

[39]|              H         , LÊ-3, ct-179|

[40]| kvin bvn&Ry nvw`w`, LÊ-9, ct-99|

[41]| Avj& dxK Avjvj gvhvwnwej AvievÕqvn&, LÊ-1, ct-420|

[42]| BKwZevm I AvBb IqvnvexqvZi mvivsk, ct-56 _K 64|

[43]| gvRgvDÕj evqvb, LÊ-4, ct-83 (gvqvÕwjwg Øxwbjvn&)|

[44]|  

[45]| Kvn&d t 21|

[46]| BKwZevm AvBb IqvnvexqvZ _K, ct-43 _K 46|

[47]| Avj& dzQyjyj gynvvgvn&, ct-14|

[48]| wKdvqvZzZ Zvwje, ct-361|

[49]| b~ij AveQvi, ct-76|

[50]| gvZvwjeym mvDj, ct-11|

[51]| `vjvqjyQ wQ`K, LÊ-2, ct- 508 I 509|

[52]| `vjvqjyQ wQ`K, LÊ-2, ct-509 I 510|

[53]| mnxn& gymwjg (dvhvqjym mvnvevn& Aavq), gymbv` Avn&gv`, LÊ-4, ct-397| 

[54]| gymZv`ivK nvwKg, LÊ-3, ct-149|

[55]| Abyic Zv`i gZv hv`i m hy wMqwQj Ges ÔAvn&j ivÏn&Õ wnme cwiwPwZ cqwQj|

[56]| dvZvwe mvnvwe Kvwei, ct- 677|

[57]| IqvwKqvZzm wmd&wdb (wgki wcÖU), ct- 58|

[58]| bvn&Ryj evjvMv -mvenx mvwjn&, LyZev bs- 126|

[59]| gvbvwKe Avj AvweZvwje, LÊ-4, ct-66|

[60]| BKwZevm dziM Kvdx _K, LÊ-4, ct-23, 24|

[61]| Avbvqvij evwnqvn&, ct-125|

[62]| AvÕBby AvLevii ihv, LÊ-2, ct-263, 266|

[63]| bvn&Ryj evjvMvn&, L~rev-224| 

[64]| gyÕRvgyj wej`vb, LÊ-4, ct-176|

[65]| Bikv` -kBL gywd`, ct-284 Ges gymZv`ivKzj Iqvmvqj, LÊ- 2, ct-514| 

[66]| dziM Kvdx, LÊ-5, ct- 74|  

[67]| dziM Kvdx, LÊ-5, ct- 75,76|

[68]| Lvgmi welqwU AbK evcK hv GLvb eYbv Kiv mgvwPr ne bv| Ze mswßvKvi ejj ejZ nq h, m~iv Avbdvji 43 bs AvqvZ Lvgmi Avmj welqwU AvjvwPZ nqQ| Avi Zvi Abvb welqjv Bmjvgx iIqvqZ DjwLZ nqQ| G welq aygvÎ Iqvmvqj~k wkqvi 6 bs LÊB cÖvq 80 wU iIqvqZ Avgiv `LZ cvB| Lvgm nQ GKwU mivKvix mú` Ges hvKvZi wecixZ| Kbbv hvKvZ nQ RbmvaviYi mú`| Lvgmi AaK nQ Bmjvgx miKvii cÖvc (eZgvb Zv gvhvq ZvKjx`i nvZ `qv nq _vK) Avi AaK nQ mvBq``i cÖvc|

BgvgMY (Avt) wejvqZi AwaKvix wQjb Ges mvBq`I wQjb ZvB Zv`i nvZ Dfq AskB AwcZ nZ| Zuviv GB Lvgm Mixe wkqv`i ga eUb KiZb Ges Zv`i cwiPvjbv KiZb| Kbbv Zv`i Rxeb cwiPvjbvi gvag cÖKZ BmjvgK wUwKq ivLv nZ| BgvgMYi (Avt) RxeÏkvq wkqv`i evwPq iL cÖKZ BmjvgK evwPq ivLvB wQj Zv`i GKwU gvÎ DÏk| Avi Zv nQ bexi (mvt) iL hvIqv Bmjvg|   

[69]| BKwZevm gymvwiKzj Avbvqvi _K, wenvij Avbvqvii DׄwZ w`q, LÊ-76, ct-57|

[70]| wbmv t 162|

[71]| nhiZ BeªvnxgI (Avt) AvwLivZi evcvi Gic `vex KiwQjb, evKvivn& t 260| 

[72]| Zdwmi ij evqvb, LÊ-1, ct-400 Ges Zdwmi KziZvex, LÊ-2, ct-1018 Ges Zdwmi dvLi ivRx, LÊ-7, ct-9|

[73]| Zdwmi dvLi ivRx, LÊ-7, ct-9|

[74]| Iqvmvqjyk wkqv, LÊ-15, ct-10|

[75]|                           H                                  |

[76]| Zdwmi `yiij gvbQyi, LÊ-2, ct-133, Zdwmi Beb KvwQi, LÊ-1, ct-467, Zdwmi KziZvex, Kvm&mvd I ivBeyj KziAvb D AvqvZi evLvq| 

 

[77]| nv`xm Mv`xii Ask| 

[78]|  BKwZevm Avj BnwZRvRvZzj Avkvivn& , 5bs BnwZRvR|

[79]| ZvwiL Zvevix, LÊ-11, ct-1357, ZvhwKivZzj LvIqvm, ct-209|

[80]| ZvwiL evM`v`, LÊ-12, ct-181, kviwn bvn&Ryj evjvMvn&, Beb Avexj nv`x`, LÊ-4, ct-33|

[81]| wmd&wdb wKZve, Beb gvhvnxg, ct-219 I gymbv` Avn&gv`, LÊ-4, ct-248|

[82]| wenvij Avbvqvi, LÊ-44, ct-293|

[83]| Avj& BnwZRvRvZzj Avkvivn&, ct-20|

[84]| gvmvZzj mvBb, jLK Avj LvwZe kBL Avãyj Inveyj Kvm&wm, ct- 152|

[85]| gvmvZzj mvBb, jLK Avj LvwZe kBL Avãyj Inveyj Kvm&wm, ct- 135,136|   

[86]| AvjIqvKvqvÕ Iqvj nvIqvw`m, LÊ-3, ct-307|

[87]| AvjIqvKvqvÕ Iqvj nvIqvw`m, LÊ-3, ct-137|  

[88]| gvhnve mwói KviY, ct- 150|

[89]| gybvwZqvj Avgvj, LÊ-2, ct-3|

[90]| Awfavb mg~n ÔLvZvgÕ kãwU `Lyb| 

[91]| hLb kÎ c wLgvi w`K AMÖmi nqwQj ZLb Bgvg mvBb (Avt) Avivi w`b Zv`iK Avj Avey mywdqvbi Abymvix DjL Ki ejwQjb t

...... nvq Zvgv`i wK ne GB Avey mywdqvbi Abymvixiv| hw` Zvgv`i Øxb bv _K _vK Ges wKqvgZi w`bi fq bv cq _vKv Ze AšZ c `ywbqvq ^vaxb _vKv (jyd -mvBq` Beb ZvDm, ct-12)|

myZivs Zviv Bgvg Avjxi (Avt) cÖKZ Abymvix Zv wQjB bv Ges evwnKfveI bv|      

[92]| gyiRyh hvnve, LÊ-2, ct-69, kvin bvnvRyj evjvMv -Beb Avwej nv`x`, LÊ-3, ct-199, Avj& Mv`xi, LÊ-11, ct-32 I 39|

[93]| kvin bvn&Ry nv`xw`, LÊ-4, ct-720|

[94]| ZvwiL Zvevix, LÊ-6, ct-136, Kvwgj Beb AvwQi, LÊ-3, ct-183|

[95]|                                                           H                                                                     |

[96]| Avj& Mv`xi, LÊ-11, ct-44| 

[97]|               H                , ct-28|

[98]| ZvbwKj gvKvj, LÊ-2, ct-63| hw` aiI bB h, Zv`i ga Aí wKQy msLK wkqv bvgavix Zv`i ga wQj, ZeyI Zv`iK wkqv wnme aiv hvq bv| Kbbv Zviv ivRbwZK wePvi-weklY wbg chvqi wkqv wQj| hvi KviY kÎ c AwZ mnRB Zv`iK avKv w`qwQj Ges A_i wewbgq Zv`iK Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) wei hy Kivi Rb cvwVqwQj| wKš h wkqviv nK I evwZjK wPbZv Ges ivRbwZK wePvi-weklY AbK wePY wQj Zv`i GKRbI Bgvg mvBbi (Avt) wei hy KiZ hvqwb| myZivs GUv KLbB ejv wVK ne bv h, wkqviv Bgvg mvBbK (Avt) knx` KiQ Ges cieZxZ AbyZß nq ZvDqvweb `j MVb Ki| AekB cwivi nq MQ h, kÎ ci BwZnvm eËviv GB myhvMwU KvR jvwMq wjLQ h, wkqvivB Bgvg mvBbK (Avt) knx` KiQ| 

[99]| Zdwmi wghvb, LÊ-2, ct-74|

[100]| GB welqwUK `yB fve ejv nq _vK t 1- Amnvq mybx hviv wkqv ejZ aygvÎ GKwU Bivbx ivRbwZK `j wnme wPwýZ Ki _vK, 2- Bivbx RvZxqZvev`x hviv gb Ki h, Bivbxiv Zv`i cyivZb AvBb-KvbybK wkqv gvhnvei QÎ Qvqvq iv KiQ|

[101]| AvÕBqvbyk wkqv, LÊ-2, ct-18 (bZzb wcÖU)|

[102]| GB welq múK wevixZ Rvbvi Rb jLKi jLv ÔBmjvgi cÖv_wgK chvq Bivbx gymjgvb I Bivb ZvkvBqyi BwZnvmÕ eBwU `Lyb| 

[103]| KvbRyjyj DÕvj, nv`xm bs 34125|

[104]| KvbRyjyj DÕvj, nv`xm bs 34126|  

[105]| mv-` t 72, wnRi t 29|

[106]| AvbqvÕg t 179|

[107]| wbmv t 3|

[108]| wbmv t 129|

[109]| Zdwmi eyinvb, LÊ-1, ct-220|

[110]| Zdwmi eyinvb, LÊ-2, ct-227| 

[111]| wenvij Avbvqvi, LÊ-52, ct-343|

[112]| wenvij Avbvqvi, LÊ-52, ct-306| 

[113]| AvÕBqvbyk wkqv, LÊ-2, ct-84|

[114]| wenvij Avbvqvi, LÊ-52, ct-326|

[115]| evKviv t 148|

[116]| byim& mvKvjvBb, LÊ-1, ct-139|

[117]| BmevZzj `v, LÊ-7, ct-176|

[118]|                          H      , ct-92|

[119]| wenvij Avbvqvi, LÊ-52, ct-316|

[120]| BmevZzj `v, LÊ-7, ct-113, AvÕBqvbyk wkqv, LÊ-2, ct-82 (bZzb wcÖU)|  

[121]| wenvij Avbvqvi, LÊ-52, ct- 233, AvÕBqvbyk wkqv, LÊ-2, ct-84 (bZzb wcÖU)|  

[122]| BmevZzj `v, LÊ-7, ct-150 I 171|   

[123]| wenvij Avbvqvi, LÊ-52, ct-390|

[124]| Gikv` gywd`, ct-341, wenvij Avbvqvi, LÊ-52, ct-290|

[125]| wenvij Avbvqvi, LÊ-52, ct- 317|

[126]| BmevZzj `v, LÊ-7, ct- 113|     

[127]| MvBevZzb bvÕgvwb, ct-172|

[128]| wenvij Avbvqvi, LÊ-52, ct- 283| 

 

index